- Vympel R-73
type=Short-range Air to Air Missile
engine=solid-fuel rocket engine
weight=105 kg (231 lb)
length=2900 mm (9 ft 6 in)
diameter=170 mm (6.7 in)
wingspan=510 mm (20 in)
vehicle_range=30 km (18.75 mi)
filling=7.4 kg (16.3 lb)
launch_platform=The Vympel R-73 (
MiG-21, MiG-23, MiG-29
Sukhoi Su-24, Su-25, Su-27, Su-35
Mil Mi-24, Mil Mi-28, Kamov Ka-50
HAL Tejas NATO reporting nameAA-11 "Archer") developed by Vympel machine Building Design Bureau, is the most modern Russian short-range air-to-air missile.
The R-73 is an
infrared-guided(heat-seeking) missile with a sensitive, cryogeniccooled seeker with a substantial "off-boresight" capability: the seeker can "see" targets up to 60° off the missile's centerline. It can be targeted by a helmet-mounted sight (HMS) allowing pilots to designate targets by looking at them. Minimum engagement range is about 300 meters, with maximum aerodynamic range of nearly 30 km (18.75 mi) at altitude.
The R-73 is a highly maneuverable missile that in most respects is believed to be superior to the
United StatesAIM-9M Sidewinder. Mock dogfights indicated that the high degree of "off-boresight" capability of the R-73 would make a significant difference in combat. This prompted the development of Sidewinder and other SRM successors like AIM-132 ASRAAM, IRIS-T, MICA IR, Python IVand the latest Sidewinder variant, AIM-9X, that entered squadron service in 2003.Fact|date=October 2007
From 1994 the R-73 has been upgraded in production to R-73M standard, which entered CIS service in 1997. The R-73M has greater range and a wider seeker angle (to 60° off-boresight), as well as improved IRCCM (InfraRed Counter-Counter Measures).
An improved version of the R-73M, the R-74M features fully digital and re-programmable systems, and is intended for use on the
MiG-35or MiG-29K/M/M2 Fulcrum and Su-27SM, Su-30MKand Su-35BMSuper Flankers.
The weapon is used by the
MiG-29, Su-27, Su-32and Su-35, and can be carried by newer versions of the MiG-21, MiG-23, Sukhoi Su-24, and Su-25aircraft. Indiais looking to use the missile on their HAL Tejas. It can also be carried by Russian attack helicopters, including the Mil Mi-24, Mil Mi-28, and Kamov Ka-50.
* [http://warfare.ru/?catid=262&linkid=1673 warfare.ru]
* [http://www.astronautix.com/lvs/r73.htm astronautix.com]
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