- Vicariate Apostolic of Unyanyembe
The Vicariate Apostolic of Unyanyembe was an
Apostolic vicariatelocated in German East Africa. It was promoted to the Diocese of Taborain 1925 and to the Metropolitan Archdiocese of Taborain 1953.
Creation and boundaries
It was separated from the Vicariate Apostolic of Nyanza by a Decree of Propaganda on
December 30, 1886. Its limits, as fixed on December 10, 1895, were:
* North - the Vicariate Apostolic of Southern Nyanza
* East - a line drawn from Lake Manjara (36°E.) along the mountain ridges to the North West of
* South - the northern limits of
Ujanzi, Ugunda, Ugetta, Uvenza, and Ujiji
* West -
Lake Tanganikaand the eastern boundary of the Congo Free Stateto the village of Ruanda.
This district was originally included in the Vicariate of
Tanganika. In 1879, R.P. Ganachan of the White Fatherspenetrated this previously unknown region and endeavoured to settle at Tabora, but was unsuccessful. Two years later R.P. Guillet succeeded and opened an orphanagethere, which was shortly afterwards transferred to Kipalapalaone league distant. In 1844 R.P. Lourdel settled at Djiue-la-Singa, but the post was abandoned on 13 March, 1885. On 11 January, 1887, the mission of Unyanyembe was separated from Tanganika, with R.P. Girault as superior of the provicariate. On 23 August, 1887, Mgr Charbonnier was consecrated bishop in the Kipalapala orphanage chapel by Mgr Livinhac of Uganda. This was the first episcopal consecration in Equatorial Africa. The station at Kipalapala was destroyed in 1889 by the natives. Two years later it was restored, and another was opened at Uchirombo. Towards the close of 1897 five Sisters of Notre-Dame d'Afrique arrived at Uchirombo. In 1900 there were in this mission 20 priests, 6 nuns, 49 catechists, 1842 neophytes, 6000 catechumens, and 150 children in the schools. A German scientist, Dr. Kandt, a Protestant, was so impressed by the good work of the Catholic missionaries that he presented his estate at Taborato the vicar Apostolic to found a school and hospital. The present and first vicar Apostolic, Mgr Franćois Gerboin, of the White Fathers, born in 1847 and consecrated titular Bishop of Turbubto in 1897, resides at Ushirombo.
Mission statistics in 1905
* 7 lay brothers
* 26 schools with 966 pupils
* 11 hospitals
* 17 orphanages with 325 children rescued from
* 678 Catholics
* LE ROY in PIOLET, Les missions catholiques françaises au XIX siècle, V (Paris, 1902), 410-22
* [http://www.gcatholic.com/dioceses/diocese/tabo0.htm Giga-Catholic Information]
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