Radar navigation

Radar navigation

Marine radar systems can provide very useful navigation information in a variety of situations. When the vessel is within radar range of land or special radar aids to navigation, the navigator can take distances and angular bearings to charted objects and use these to establish arcs of position and lines of position on a chart.Maloney, 2003:744.] A fix consisting of only radar information is called a radar fix.Bowditch, 2002:816.]

Some types of radar fixes include the relatively self-explanatory methods of "range and bearing to a single object,"National Imagery and Mapping Agency, 2001:163.] "two or more bearings," "tangent bearings," and "two or more ranges."

Parallel indexing is a technique defined by William Burger in the 1957 book "The Radar Observer's Handbook".National Imagery and Mapping Agency, 2001:169.] This technique involves creating a line on the screen that is parallel to the ship's course, but offset to the left or right by some distance. This parallel line allows the navigator to maintain a given distance away from hazards.

Some techniques have been developed for special situations. One, known as the "contour method," involves marking a transparent plastic template on the radar screen and moving it to the chart to fix a position.National Imagery and Mapping Agency, 2001:164.]

Another special technique, known as the Franklin Continuous Radar Plot Technique, involves drawing the path a radar object should follow on the radar display if the ship stays on its planned course.National Imagery and Mapping Agency, 2001:182.] During the transit, the navigator can check that the ship is on track by checking that the pip lies on the drawn line.

The Yeoman Plotter uses both radar, GPS and traditional charts to plot coarses and is one of the most used plotters today.

See also

*Radio navigation
*Yeoman_Plotter, one of the most used radar plotter systems
*ECDIS
*Dead reckoning
*Air navigation
*Astrogation
*Austronesian navigation
*Galileo positioning system
*Geodetic system
*Great-circle distance explains how to find that quantity if one knows the two latitudes and longitudes.
* Marshall Islands stick chart
*Off-course navigation
*Polynesian navigation
*Franz Xaver, Baron Von Zach, a scientific editor and astronomer, first located many places geographically.

Notes

References

*cite book
first = Nathaniel
last = Bowditch
authorlink = Nathaniel Bowditch
title = The American Practical Navigator
publisher = National Imagery and Mapping Agency
url = http://www.irbs.com/bowditch/
location= Bethesda, MD
year = 2002
isbn = 0939837544

* cite book
last =Cutler
first = Thomas J.
authorlink =
coauthors =
editor =
others =
title = Dutton's Nautical Navigation
url =
format =
accessdate =
accessyear =
accessmonth =
edition = 15th
series =
date =
year = 2003
month = December
publisher = Naval Institute Press
location = Annapolis, MD
language =
isbn =978-1557502483

*cite book
author = Department of the Air Force
authorlink = United States Air Force
coauthors =
editor =
others =
title = Air Navigation
origdate =
origyear =
origmonth =
url = http://www.e-publishing.af.mil/pubfiles/af/11/afpam11-216/afpam11-216.pdf
format = PDF
accessdate=2007-04-17
edition =
series =
year = 2001
month = March
publisher = Department of the Air Force
location =
language =
isbn =
oclc =
doi =
id =
pages =
chapter =
chapterurl =
quote =

*cite book
last = Great Britain Ministry of Defence (Navy)
authorlink =
title = Admiralty Manual of Seamanship
publisher = The Stationery Office
year = 1995
isbn = 0117726966

* cite book
last =Maloney
first = Elbert S.
authorlink =
coauthors =
editor =
others =
title = Chapman Piloting and Seamanship
url =
format =
accessdate =
accessyear =
accessmonth =
edition = 64th
series =
date =
year = 2003
month = December
publisher = Hearst Communications Inc.
location = New York, NY
language =
isbn =1-58816-098-0

*cite book
author = National Imagery and Mapping Agency
authorlink = National Imagery and Mapping Agency
coauthors =
editor =
others =
title = Publication 1310: Radar Navigation and Maneuvering Board Manual
origdate =
origyear =
origmonth =
url = http://www.nga.mil/portal/site/maritime/
format = PDF
accessdate =
accessyear =
accessmonth =
edition = 7th edition
series =
date =
year = 2001
month =
publisher = U.S. Government Printing Office
location = Bethesda, MD
language =
isbn =
oclc =
doi =
id =
pages =
chapter =
chapterurl =
quote =


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