Rollover is a type of vehicle accident, where a vehicle turns over on its side or roof. The main cause for rolling over is turning too sharply while moving too fast.


The force of inertia (acting in the direction opposite to the one it is turning) is combined with the force of gravity (acting downwards). When the combined force as applied to the centre of vehicle's mass falls outside of the rectangle formed by the wheels, the vehicle starts to turn over. A rollover can also occur as a vehicle crosses a ditch or barrier rather than a flat road surface. Such an event can be triggered by a sudden turn to avoid a collision, or a loss of traction due to water or ice.


A skilled driver may stop the fall by stopping the turn. Stunt drivers in competition deliberately use ramps to launch a car, often a short, stubby subcompact which is more easily turned over. Short of a rollover, stunt drivers may also drive the car on two wheels for some time, but this requires precise planning, control and specialized safety equipment.

Rollover contest

The driver deliberately drives their vehicle to a ramp which causes their vehicle roll over.cite web|url=|title=Race Descriptions: Rollover Contest|date=2006-03-26|publisher=Evergreen Speedway|accessdate=2008-08-07] The winner is the driver who guides their vehicle to the most rolls.

Cars and trucks

All cars are susceptible to rollovers to various extents. Generally, the higher the centre of mass is located, the higher the vehicle is and the faster it goes, the more likely it is to roll over. Civilian SUVs are particularly notorious for rolling over because they often have a higher center of gravity due to raising the suspension to accommodate 4 wheel drive. Among the vehicles which have received publicity for rolling over are the Ford Bronco II, Suzuki Samurai, Jeep CJ, Ford E-Series, Mitsubishi Montero, and Isuzu Trooper.

HMMWVs are much wider than civilian SUVs. While more difficult to tip over deliberately, many American casualties in Iraq are caused by rollovers, with the turret gunner being particularly vulnerable in an accident. [ [] "Iraq rollover kills Oregon soldier" Oregonian May 25, 2005 by MIKE FRANCIS ] Military jeeps with independent suspensions were prone to rollover, and not sold to civilians for this reason.Trucks can often roll over when doing sharp turns and trains can roll over after derailing.

Some four wheel drive pickup trucks have reduced steering capacity to prevent rollover. This creates problems with parking and negotiating very sharp curves. 15 passenger vans, which have raised heavy-duty suspensions and a heavy load of passengers are also prone to rollover. It is recommended to not load anything on the roof of such vans, and to use drivers trained to avoid sudden maneuvers.

A vehicle may roll over for other reasons, for example when hitting a large obstacle with one of its wheels, when manoeuvring over uneven terrain, etc.


After the rollover the vehicle may end up lying on the side or on the roof, often blocking the doors and complicating the terrifying escape for the passengers. Large passenger vehicles such as buses, trams and trolleybuses that have doors on one side only usually have special windows with handles to pull to use the window as an emergency exit or glaziers fixed near the windows for cutting the glass and making an improvised exit in case of a rollover. Some have emergency exits in their roofs.

Roll bars and cages

Rollover crashes are particularly deadly for the occupants of the vehicle when compared to frontal, side or rear crashes, because in normal passenger vehicles, the roof is likely to collapse in to the occupants and cause severe head injuries for them. The use of roll cages in vehicles would make them much safer, but in most passenger vehicles their use would cut cargo and passenger space so much that their use is not possible. The Jeep Wrangler, a vehicle which is short, narrow, and designed to be used on uneven terrain, is unusual in that it comes equipped with a roll bar as standard.

The decline in popularity of convertibles was due in part to concern over rollover accidents, as most convertibles have no protection beyond the windshield frame. Removable roof panels provide an open roof with a roof frame. Some convertible vehicles provide rollover protection as two small bars behind the headrests. Some Mercedes convertibles have a retractable roll bar which deploys in case of an accident. Race cars almost always have roll cages, since they are likely to roll over while driven at very high speeds and through sharp corners, and the roll cage's chassis-stiffening effect is usually positive.


External links

* [ DOT rollover ratings by vehicle type] (NHTSA)
* [ The center for auto safety videos (Rollover videos at the bottom).] .
* [ Rollover Training, FA Style (parody WMA video clip)]

ee also

*Dynamic rollover
*Roll over protection structures (ROPs)

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем сделать НИР

Look at other dictionaries:

  • rollover — [rōl′ō΄vər] n. ☆ 1. the refinancing of a maturing note, etc. ☆ 2. the reinvesting of funds in such a way as to defer the payment of taxes * * * roll·o·ver (rōlʹō vər) n. 1. The act or process of rolling over. 2. An accident in which a motor… …   Universalium

  • rollover — roll·over / rōl ˌō vər/ n: the act or process of rolling over Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster. 1996 …   Law dictionary

  • rollover — (n.) also roll over an overturning, 1945; see ROLL (Cf. roll) (v.) + OVER (Cf. over). Economic verbal sense of reinvest is from 1957 …   Etymology dictionary

  • rollover — [rōl′ō΄vər] n. ☆ 1. the refinancing of a maturing note, etc. ☆ 2. the reinvesting of funds in such a way as to defer the payment of taxes …   English World dictionary

  • Rollover — Most term loans in the Euromarket are made on a rollover basis, which means that the loan is periodically repriced at an agreed spread over the appropriate, currently prevailing LIBO rate. The New York Times Financial Glossary * * * rollover… …   Financial and business terms

  • rollover — Means that a loan is periodically repriced at an agreed spread over the appropriate, currently prevailing rate. Most term loans in the Euromarket are made on a rollover basis as to current LIBOR rate . Bloomberg Financial Dictionary In relation… …   Financial and business terms

  • Rollover DJ — Infobox Single Name = Rollover DJ Artist = Jet from Album = Get Born Released = November 2003 Format = CD Recorded = 2003 Genre = Hard rock, Garage rock Length = 3:16 Label = Elektra Writer = Producer = Dave Sardy Certification = Chart position …   Wikipedia

  • Rollover — A rollover is when you do the following: 1. Reinvest funds from a mature security into a new issue of the same or a similar security. 2. Transfer the holdings of one retirement plan to another without suffering tax consequences. 3. Move a forex… …   Investment dictionary

  • rollover — roll|ov|er [ˈrəuləuvə US ˈroulouvər] n 1.) a) when money is moved from one bank account or ↑investment to another without any tax or other ↑fees having to be paid ▪ Many CD rollovers happen in October. b) [U and C] the action of making a bank… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • rollover — [[t]ro͟ʊloʊvə(r)[/t]] rollovers 1) N COUNT: usu singular In a lottery draw, a rollover is a prize that includes the prize money from the previous draw, because nobody won it. 2) N COUNT: usu singular In finance, a rollover is when a loan or other …   English dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”