Psi hit

Psi hit

Infobox Paranormalterms

Image_Caption =
Usage = Terminology
Name = Psi Hitting
Origin =
Short = H
Additional_Names =
Definition = Achieving a notable success rate in a Psi experiment through Psi, rather than through chance.
Characteristics =
Extra_Title =
Extra_Column =
See_Also = Psi,
Psi missing

Psi hit and psi miss are terms used in discussion of parapsychological experimentation to describe the success or failure of the subject in achieving the desired result more often than could be expected through chance alone. [ Psi-Missing] - Key Words Frequently Used in Parapsychology, Parapsychology Association (2007-04-13)] Used only when the results are notably better than chance. [ Psi-Missing] - Key Words Frequently Used in Parapsychology, Parapsychology Association (2007-04-13)]

A psi "miss" is specifically used to refer to instances where the subject has failed to achieve the result through psi, rather than where they have a non-significant negative score gained through random guessing. Varvoglis, Mario, Ph.D. " [ The Sheep - Goat Effect] ", Parapsychological Association (2006-12-27)] .


In 1942 Gertrude Schmeidler, professor of psychology at City University of New York, used a questionnaire to discover the beliefs of test subjects concerning psi. She called those who thought psi existed "sheep," and those who did not think psi existed (or did not believe it could influence the tests) she called "goats." When she compared the results of the questionnaire to the results of the psi test, she found that the "sheep" scored significantly above chance, and the "goats" scored significantly below chance. Schmeidler's results have since been confirmed by many other researchers. In 1992 A meta-analysis of 73 experiments by 37 different researchers confirmed that subjects who believe psi is real average higher results than those who do not believe in it. According to Mario Varvoglis, Ph.D., President of the Parapsychological Association from 2001-2002, [ "Who is Mario Varvoglis?" from the websiteof the Parapsychological Association, retrieved December 27, 2006]

Skeptics are justified in stating that those who believe firmly in psi will tend to see its occurrence everywhere, even to the point of confusing their own interpretations with the actual events. On the other hand, disbelievers will also tend toward the complementary fallacy, always finding some so-called "rational" explanation for a psi experience, even when it happens to them. But the sheep-goat effect suggests that the differences run deeper than mere interpretation: one's attitudes toward psi affects the likelihood that such phenomena will occur in the first place. The more an individual harbors a reductionistic view of the world, the less chance such phenomena will emerge (let alone be witnessed by them); the more one is interested in interconnectedness, and open to psi experiences, the more likely the world will "respond" by creating such experiences.

See also

* Parapsychology
* Extra Sensory Perception
* True-believer syndrome


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужен реферат?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Psi — may refer to:As a word* Psi (Greek) (Ψ, ψ) a letter of the Greek alphabet * Psi (Cyrillic) (Ѱ, ѱ), a letter of the early Cyrillic alphabet, adopted from Greek * Psi (instant messaging client), a popular Jabber client program * Psi… …   Wikipedia

  • Psi-missing — may refer to: *Psi hit, the parapsychological experimentation term *PSI missing, a single by Mami Kawada as the OP of To Aru Majutsu no Index …   Wikipedia

  • Psi-Force — Supercbbox title = Psi Force caption = Issue #1 Cover schedule = Monthly format = Ongoing series publisher =Marvel Comics date = 1986 to 1989 issues = 32 main char team = See Main characters writers = artists = pencillers = inkers = colorists =… …   Wikipedia

  • Phi Kappa Psi — ΦΚΨ Founded February 19, 1852 (1 …   Wikipedia

  • Beta Sigma Psi — Infobox Fraternity letters= ΒΣΨ name= Beta Sigma Psi crest= founded= birth date and age|1925|4|17 birthplace= University of Illinois type= Social, Religious emphasis= Lutheran scope= mission= To promote an organization of communicant Lutheran men …   Wikipedia

  • Ganzfeld experiment — A ganzfeld experiment (from the German for “entire field”) is a technique used in the field of parapsychology to test individuals for extra sensory perception (ESP). It uses homogeneous and unpatterned sensory stimulation to produce an effect… …   Wikipedia

  • Dartmouth pong — Pong (Dartmouth) is a drinking game played at Dartmouth College that is loosely based on ping pong. A 2005 survey conducted by former Dartmouth College Statistician John Pryor and reported on in The Dartmouth found that 80% of Dartmouth students… …   Wikipedia

  • List of pipeline accidents — The following is a list of pipeline accidents: This is an incomplete list, which may never be able to satisfy particular standards for completeness. You can help by expanding it with reliably sourced entries. Contents 1 Bel …   Wikipedia

  • Italy — /it l ee/, n. a republic in S Europe, comprising a peninsula S of the Alps, and Sicily, Sardinia, Elba, and other smaller islands: a kingdom 1870 1946. 57,534,088; 116,294 sq. mi. (301,200 sq. km). Cap.: Rome. Italian, Italia. * * * Italy… …   Universalium

  • Psyren — Infobox animanga/Header name = Psyren caption = Volume 2 cover ja name = PSYREN-サイレン- ja name trans = Sairen genre = Action, SupernaturalInfobox animanga/Manga title = author = Toshiaki Iwashiro publisher = flagicon|Japan Shueisha demographic =… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”