Anilinium chloride

Anilinium chloride

Chembox new
ImageFile = AniliniumChloride.png ImageSize = 120px
IUPACName = Anilinium chloride
OtherNames = Aniline hydrochloride, benzenamine hydrochloride, aniline salt, phenylamine hydrochloride, aniline chloride, phenylammonium chloride, UN 1548, C.I. 76001
Section1 = Chembox Identifiers
CASNo = 142-04-1
EINECS = 205-519-8
PubChem = 8870
SMILES = C1=CC=C(C=C1)N.Cl
InChI = 1/C6H7N.ClH/c7-6-4-2-1-3-5-6;/h1-5H,7H2;1H
RTECS = CY0875000

Section2 = Chembox Properties
C=6|H=8|Cl=1|N=1
Appearance = hygroscopic white crystals
Density = 1.2215 g/cm3
MeltingPt = 199 to 202 °C
BoilingPt = 245 °C
Solubility = 1070 g/l

Section3 = Chembox Hazards
MainHazards =
EUClass = Toxic (T), Dangerous for the environment (N)
FlashPt = 193 °C o.c. [ [http://www.inchem.org/documents/icsc/icsc/eics1013.htm Aniline Hydrochloride (Icsc) ] ] /c.c. [ [http://www.jtbaker.com/msds/englishhtml/a6684.htm Aniline Hydrochloride ] ]
Autoignition =
NFPA-H = 3
NFPA-F = 1
NFPA-R = 0
NFPA-O =
RPhrases = R23/24/25, R40, R41, R43, R48, R50, R68
SPhrases = S26, S27, S36/37/39, S45, S61, S63
PEL = 2 ppm

Anilinium chloride is an aromatic ammonium salt. It can be prepared by the reaction of aniline with hydrochloric acid:

C6H5NH2 + HCl → C6H5N+H3Cl-

See also

Aniline

References

External links

* [http://www.chemistryquestion.com/English/Questions/HighSchoolChemistry/7_Diazotisation_aniline.html Diazotisation of aniline]
* [http://www.ilo.org/public/english/protection/safework/cis/products/icsc/dtasht/_icsc10/icsc1013.htm Safety data]
* [http://physchem.ox.ac.uk/MSDS/AN/aniline_hydrochloride.html Safety MSDS Data]
* [http://www.inchem.org/documents/icsc/icsc/eics1013.htm Safety at inchem.org]
* [http://genchem.chem.wisc.edu/demonstrations/Gen_Chem_Pages/22organicpage/aniline_hydrochloride-form.htm Aniline Hydrochloride-Formaldehyde Polymer]


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