infobox UK place
country = England
constituency_westminster= Camberwell and Peckham
constituency_westminster1= Dulwich and West Norwood
Camberwell is a district of
London, Englandand forms part of the London Borough of Southwark.Southwark London Borough Council - [http://www.southwark.gov.uk/YourCommunity/Camberwell/ Community guide for Camberwell] ] It is a built-up inner city district located convert|2.7|mi|km|1|lk=on south east of Charing Cross. To the west it has a boundary with the London Borough of Lambeth.
Camberwell appears in
Domesday Bookas "Cambrewelle".Mills, A., "Oxford Dictionary of London Place Names", (2001)] The name might derive from the old English Cumberwell or Comberwell, meaning Welsh well. Springs and wells are known to have existed on the southern slope of Denmark Hill, especially around Grove Park. Alternatively, the name Camberwell may have come from the Saxon language, meaning Cripple Well, which developed as a hamlet where people from the City of Londonwere expelled when they had life threatening diseaseslike leprosy, for treatment by the church and the clean waters from the wells.
It was already a substantial settlement with a church when mentioned in the
Domesday Book, and was the parish church for a large area including Dulwichand Peckham. It was held by Haimo the Sheriff (of Kent). Its domesday assets were: 6 hides and 1 virgate; 1 church, 8 ploughs, 63 acres of meadow, woodlandworth 60 hogs. It rendered £14. Up to the mid-nineteenth century, Camberwell was visited by Londoners for its rural tranquillity and the reputed healing properties of its mineral springs. Like much of inner South London, Camberwell was transformed by the arrival of the railways in the 1860s.
"Camberwell St Giles" formed an ancient, and later civil, parish in the Brixton hundred of
Surrey.Vision of Britain - [http://www.visionofbritain.org.uk/relationships.jsp?u_id=10128742&c_id=10001043 Camberwell parish] ( [http://www.visionofbritain.org.uk/bound_map_page.jsp?first=true&u_id=10128742&c_id=10001043 historic map] )] The parish covered convert|4570|acre|km2|lk=on in 1831 and included Peckhamto the east and Dulwichto the south. The width of the parish tapered in the south to form a point at Crystal Palace. In 1801 the population was 7,059 and by 1851 this had risen to 54,667. [Vision of Britain - [http://www.visionofbritain.org.uk/data_theme_page.jsp?u_id=10128742&c_id=10001043&data_theme=T_POP Camberwell population] ] In 1829 it was included in the Metropolitan Police Districtand in 1855 it was included in the area of responsibility of the Metropolitan Board of Works, with Camberwell Vestry nominating one member to the board. In 1889 the board was replaced by the London County Counciland Camberwell was removed from Surrey, to form part of the County of London. In 1900 the area of the Camberwell parish became the Metropolitan Borough of Camberwell. [Vision of Britain - [http://www.visionofbritain.org.uk/relationships.jsp?u_id=10108032&c_id=10001043 Camberwell MB] ( [http://www.visionofbritain.org.uk/bound_map_page.jsp?first=true&u_id=10108032&c_id=10001043 historic map] )] In 1965 the metropolitan borough was abolished and its former area became the southern part of the London Borough of Southwark in Greater London.
music halls in Camberwell were in the back hall of public houses. One, the "Father Redcap" (1853) still stands by Camberwell Green, but internally, much altered. In 1896, the Dan Lenocompany opened the "Oriental Palace of Varieties", on Denmark Hill. This successful venture was soon replaced with a new theatre, designed by Ernest A. E. Woodrow and with a capacity of 1,553, in 1899, named the "Camberwell Palace". This was further expanded by architect Lewen Sharp in 1908. [ [http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=41455 "Shaftesbury Avenue", Survey of London: volumes 31 and 32: St James Westminster, Part 2 (1963), pp. 68-84] accessed: 12 June 2008] By 1912, the theatre was showing films as a part of the variety programme and became an ABC cinema in September 1932 – known simply as "The Palace Cinema". It reopened as a variety theatre in 1943, but closed on 28 April 1956and was demolished. [ [http://cinematreasures.org/theater/18126/ "Camberwell Palace Theatre"] (Cinema Treasures) accessed 12 June 2008] The 1957 film " The Smallest Show on Earth" [imdb title|title=The Smallest Show on Earth (1957)|id=0050985] tells the tale of a struggling family-run suburban cinema, is thought to be based on the Palace. Nearby, marked by Orpheus Street, was the "Metropole Theatre and Opera House", presenting transfers of West End shows. This was demolished to build an Odeon cinema in 1939. The cinema seated 2,470, and has since been demolished. [ [http://www.arthurlloyd.co.uk/Camberwell.htm "Camberwell Halls and Entertainment"] (Arthur Lloyd Theatre History) accessed: 12 June 2008]
Camberwell today is a mixture of relatively well preserved Georgian and twentieth century housing, including a number of
tower blocks. Camberwell Grove and Grove Lane have some of London's most elegant and well preserved Georgian houses.
The crossroads at the centre of Camberwell is the site of
Camberwell Green, a very small area of common land which was once a traditional village green on which was held an annual fair of ancient origin which rivalled that of Greenwich. An extensive range of bus routes have stops at Camberwell Green (see the link to the bus spider map below for details).The Salvation Army's William BoothMemorial Training College, designed by Giles Gilbert Scott, was completed in 1932: it towers over South London from Denmark Hill. It has a similar monumental impressiveness to Gilbert Scott's other local buildings, Battersea Power Stationand the Tate Modern, although its simplicity is partly the result of repeated budget cuts during its construction: much more detail, including carved Gothic stonework surrounding the windows, was originally planned.
Camberwell is home to one of London's largest teaching hospitals,
King's College Hospitalwith associated medical school the Guy’s King’s and St Thomas’ (GKT) School of Medicine. The Maudsley Hospital, an internationally significant psychiatric hospital, is also located in Camberwell along with the Institute of Psychiatry. As well as the significant Camberwell College of ArtsCamberwell is home to several art galleries including the South London Galleryand numerous smaller commercial art spaces. The annual Camberwell Arts Festival is well supported.
The town is referenced in the film "
Withnail and I" — " Camberwell carrot" is the name of the enormous spliff rolled using 12 rolling papers, by Danny the dealer [imdb title|id=0094336|title=Withnail and I (1986)] . His explanation for the name is that "I invented it in Camberwell and it looks like a carrot".
Camberwell is connected to central London by Camberwell Road in the north and
Camberwell New Roadin the west. It is very well served by bus routes: its location means that it is easy to travel into central London with journey times of 12-20 minutes, though often much longer in the rush hour.
Camberwell had been served by three railway stations until the First World War, Camberwell Gate, Camberwell New Road and Denmark Hill. Like many less well used stations in inner London, "Camberwell Gate" and "Camberwell New Road" were closed in 1916 'temporarily' because of war shortages and were never reopened.
London Underground have planned a
Bakerloo line extension to Camberwellon at least three occasions since the 1930s, and this is again said to be under consideration. [" [http://icsouthlondon.icnetwork.co.uk/0100news/0300southwark/tm_objectid=16685898&method=full&siteid=50100&headline=tube-line--may-extend-south-within-20-years--name_page.html Tube line 'may extend south within 20 years'] "]
Nearest railway stations:
Loughborough Junction railway station
Denmark Hill railway station
The local ethnic mix includes a large proportion of people of
Caribbeanand Africandescent, a Greek Cypriot community, and number of immigrants of Middle Eastern origin. The area is also popular with art students, as it is home to the Camberwell College of Arts(part of the University of the Arts London- formerly the London Institute) on Peckham Road. Goldsmiths College is found in nearby New Cross with many students living in Camberwell. King's College London(part of the University of London) also has a hall of residence (King's College Hall) on nearby Champion Hill. Camberwell has a thriving gay community, and has been labelled south London's favourite gay neighbourhood. [" [http://www.gaycamberwell.com/index.html Welcome to Camberwell] "]
People from Camberwell
Camberwell Beautyis a butterfly (Nymphalis antiopa) which is rarely found in the UK - it is so named because two examples were first identified on Coldharbour Lane, Camberwell in 1748.
Elephant & Castle
* [http://www.camberwellarts.org.uk Camberwell Arts]
* [http://www.camberwell.arts.ac.uk/ Camberwell College of Arts]
* [http://www.camberwellsociety.org.uk Camberwell Society]
* [http://www.minet.fsnet.co.uk/index.html Minet Conservation Association]
* [http://www.kch.nhs.uk King's College Hospital Foundation Trust]
* [http://www.slam.nhs.uk/ South London and Maudsley NHS Trust]
* [http://www.se5forum.org/ SE5 Forum, a community group]
* [http://www.camberwellonline.co.uk/ The CamberwellOnline blog]
* [http://www.camberwellenvironment.blogspot.com/ Camberwell Environment]
* [http://www.chris-page.org.uk/ Cllr Chris Page, Labour Councillor for Camberwell Green] [http://www.johnfriary.blogspot.com/ Councillor John J. Friary, Labour Councillor for Camberwell Green]
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