Nordenfelt v. Maxim, Nordenfelt Guns and Ammunition Co

Nordenfelt v. Maxim, Nordenfelt Guns and Ammunition Co

"Nordenfelt v Maxim Nordenfelt Guns and Ammunition Co. Ltd" [1894] AC 535 is a 19th century English case decided by the House of Lords. It defines the 'blue pencil test' as a method for deciding whether contractual obligations can be partially enforced when the obligation as drafted in the contract has an element of illegality.

The dispute was about restraint of trade.
Thorsten Nordenfelt, a manufacturer specialising in armaments, had sold his business to Hiram Stevens Maxim. They had agreed that Nordenfelt ‘would not make guns or ammunition anywhere in the world, and would not compete with Maxim in any way for a period of 25 years’.

The court held that:
* The provision prohibiting Nordenfelt from making guns or ammunition was reasonable.
* The providing banning competition ‘in any way‘ was unenforceable as an unreasonable restraint of trade.

The question on severability was whether the reasonable restriction could be enforced when it was in the same contract as an unreasonable and unenforceable restriction. The court used the test of striking out (with a blue pencil) words containing unreasonable provisions would leave behinda contractual obligation that still made sense. If it did, then the amended contract would be enforced by the court.

In this case, the unreasonable restraint was severable, and the court enforced the amended agreement that Nordenfelt "for the next 25 years, would not make guns or ammunition anywhere in the world, and would not compete with Maxim in any way."

References

Study Pack Chapter L7 LAW OF CONTRACT III published by Financial Training


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Нужно сделать НИР?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Maxim Nordenfelt Guns and Ammunition Company — Industry Armaments Fate Acquired Successor Vickers, Sons and Maxim Founded 1888 Defunct 1897 Headquarters 32 Victori …   Wikipedia

  • Nordenfelt v Maxim, Nordenfelt Guns and Ammunition Co Ltd — Nordenfelt v Maxim Nordenfelt Guns and Ammunition Co Ltd Court House of Lords Citation(s) [1894] AC 535 Keywords …   Wikipedia

  • Maxim gun — An early Maxim gun in operation with the Royal Navy Type Heavy Machine Gun Place of origin …   Wikipedia

  • Nordenfelt — bezeichnet Thorsten Nordenfelt (1842–1920), schwedischer Waffenkonstrukteur und Geschäftsmann Société Nordenfelt Tidén, Nordenfelt Co. Maxim Nordenfelt Guns and Ammunition Company Nordenfelt (Automarke), ehemalige Automarke Nordenfelt… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Nordenfelt gun — This article is about the rifle caliber machine gun . For the anti torpedo boat gun, see 1 inch Nordenfelt gun. Nordenfelt 10 barrel rifle calibre machine gun. Musée de l Armée, Paris …   Wikipedia

  • Maxim-Mitrailleuse — Frühe Version des Maxim Maschinengewehrs, Royal Navy Das Maxim Maschinengewehr (französisch Maxim Mitrailleuse, englisch Maxim Gun) war das erste selbstladende Maschinengewehr. Es wurde 1885 von dem amerikanisch britischen Erfinder und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Maxim Gun — Frühe Version des Maxim Maschinengewehrs, Royal Navy Das Maxim Maschinengewehr (französisch Maxim Mitrailleuse, englisch Maxim Gun) war das erste selbstladende Maschinengewehr. Es wurde 1885 von dem amerikanisch britischen Erfinder und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Maxim MG — Frühe Version des Maxim Maschinengewehrs, Royal Navy Das Maxim Maschinengewehr (französisch Maxim Mitrailleuse, englisch Maxim Gun) war das erste selbstladende Maschinengewehr. Es wurde 1885 von dem amerikanisch britischen Erfinder und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Thorsten Nordenfelt — Born Thorsten Nordenfelt January 1, 1842(1842 01 01) Örby, Sw …   Wikipedia

  • QF 6 pounder Nordenfelt — Infobox Weapon caption=48 calibres version at Gyltö, western archipelago of Finland, 1999. Photo by Ove Enqvist name=QF 6 pounder Nordenfelt target=general origin=UK is artillery=yes is UK=yes is ranged=yes used by=Many countries wars= designer=… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”