Saga dialect

Saga dialect

is a dialect of the Japanese language widely spoken in Saga prefecture and some other areas, such as Isahaya. It is influenced by Kyushu dialect and Hichiku dialect. Saga-ben is further derived into dialects that encompass individual towns.


Many of Saga's dialectical properties are variants, in particles or conjugations, of regular Japanese.
*Words are often repeated three times.
*The sentence-ending particle "よ" becomes "ばい" or "たい".
*The contrastive conjunction "ばってん" (somewhat equivalent to English's "however") replaces standard Japanese equivalents.
*The operative particle "を" is replaced with "ば".Ex.:手紙ば書いた=Wrote [a] letter.
*The particle "が", when referring to other people, is replaced with "の".Ex.:黒君の書いた=Kuro-kun wrote [it] .
*Traditional masu-form keigo is replaced by the suffix "~しんさっ", "~しんさる", "~しよんさっ", or "~しよんさる".Ex.:手紙をかきよんさった=Wrote [polite] [a] letter.
*The direction particles "に" and "へ" are replaced with "さい".Ex.:学校さい行く=Go to school.
*The explanatory "の" it replaced by "と".Ex.:手紙を書いたと?= Wrote [a] letter [explanation request] .
*The continuative conjugation "~ている" becomes "とっ".Ex.:書いとっ= [Someone is] writing.
*In the passive conjugation of a verb, "れ" is taken out and "る" becomes a long vowel, or doubles the next consonant.Ex.:書かれる (writing; passive voice) becomes replaced with 書かるう or 書かるっ.
*I-adjectives have their "い"s replaced with "か"s.Ex.: nihongo|cold|寒い becomes 寒か.
*Na-adjectives sometimes have a か added on, reminiscent of the above characteristic. This seems to happen more in the south.Ex.: じょうず becomes じょうずか.
*Pronunciation is similar to Hakata ben in the following: "sa, shi, su, se, so" become "sha, shii, shu, she, sho". In addition, Saga-ben also has the unique pronunciations of "za, zu, ze, da, ga," and "na" rendered as "jya, jyu, jye, jya, gya," and "nya", respectively. "Nya" sounds particularly cat-like.
*"~ない" conjugations become "ん" (the "ない" adjective itself becomes "なか"). This reflects the negative rude/casual conjugation in normal Japanese. For example, where as 食べん would be rude in most of Japan, in Saga-ben it is standard.Ex.:分からない becomes 分からん
*I-adjectives' "い"s become "さ" in when the speaker wants to add strong emphasis.
*I-adjectives' continuative form's "く" becomes a modifying "う" that elongates and possibly changes the vowel of the character before it.Ex.:nihongo|interesting (continuative)|おもしろく becomes "おもしろう"nihongo|fun (continuative)|楽しく becomes 楽しゅう.

これ, それ, あれ, どれ Series

The Demonstrative series is uniquely pronounced in Saga-dialect.
*The normal これ, それ, あれ, どれ series in Japanese (this, that, , and which respectively) has its れ sounds replaced with い. 俺 also follows this pattern, and becomes おい. Indeed, many words follow this pattern; even 誰 becomes だい.
*The related words どう, こう, and そう become どうがん, そうがん, and こうがん, respectively. An even more rustic conjugation set of these words is どうぎゃん, そうぎゃん, and こうぎゃん.


Saga-ben contains lots of characteristic vocabulary. Examples are included (with standard Japanese, where applicable) in the following table:


*Saga-ben was heavily spoken in the 2006 film, and now television series, "Gabai bā-chan" (lit. fantastic grandma). The title itself is in Saga-ben.
*A popular urban legend has it that two Saga-ben speakers met up in Tokyo and bystanders mistook their dialect for Chinese.

ee also

Japanese dialects

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Поможем решить контрольную работу

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Saga Prefecture — Infobox Prefecture Japan Name = Saga JapaneseName = 佐賀県 Rōmaji = Saga ken Symbol = PrefSymbol Saga.png Capital = Saga Region = Kyūshū Island = Kyūshū TotalArea = 2,439.58 AreaRank = 42nd PCWater = 1.7 PopDate = February 1 2008 Population =… …   Wikipedia

  • List of Excel Saga characters — This list contains the primary and notable secondary characters of Excel Saga, a Japanese manga and anime series.[1] Contents 1 Creation 2 Members of ACROSS 2.1 Excel …   Wikipedia

  • Nagoya dialect — The Nagoya dialect (名古屋弁, Nagoya ben?) is a Japanese dialect spoken in Nagoya, Aichi Prefecture. In a wide sense, Nagoya dialect means the dialect in the western half of the prefecture (formerly part of Owari Province), and in that case, it is… …   Wikipedia

  • Kansai dialect — A label in Kansai ben. The advertisement, Iwashi o tabena akan!, translates as You must eat sardines! …   Wikipedia

  • Mino dialect — For other uses, see Mino. The location of Mino Province in Japan, ca. 1861. This is the general area in which the Mino dialect is spoken. The Mino dialect (美濃弁, Mino ben …   Wikipedia

  • Laxdœla saga — [Alternatively Laxdæla saga , Laxdoela saga , Laxdaela saga , The Saga of the People of Laxárdalur .] is the saga of the clan/family of Laxárdalur. It is one of the most important Icelanders sagas, originally written in medieval Icelandic (a… …   Wikipedia

  • Nagaoka dialect — is a dialect of the Japanese language spoken in Niigata prefecture in the Chūetsu region of Japan. Nagaoka dialect is similar to Niigata dialect spoken in the Southern Kaetsu region. It differs somewhat from town to town. Contents 1 Accent 2… …   Wikipedia

  • Tara, Saga — Infobox City Japan Name= Tara JapaneseName= 太良町 Map Region=Kyūshū Prefecture=Saga District=Fujitsu District Area km2=74.20 PopDate= January 1, 2005 Population=11,189 Density km2=145.47 Coords=coord|33|1|N|130|11|E|type:city region:JP Tree= Hinoki …   Wikipedia

  • Japanese dialects — Japanese Geographic distribution: Japan Linguistic classification: Japonic Japanese Subdivisions: Hachijō Eastern Japanese Western Japanese Kyūshū Satsugū …   Wikipedia

  • literature — /lit euhr euh cheuhr, choor , li treuh /, n. 1. writings in which expression and form, in connection with ideas of permanent and universal interest, are characteristic or essential features, as poetry, novels, history, biography, and essays. 2.… …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”