- Robert Indiana
name = Robert Indiana
caption = Robert Indiana Working in Maine
(Photo: Charles Rotmil)
birth_date = Birth date and age|1928|9|13|mf=y
New Castle, Indiana
Artist, Theatrical Set Designer and Costume Designer
nationality = American
Robert Indiana (born as Robert Clark,
New Castle, Indiana, September 13 1928) is an American artist associated with the Pop Artmovement.
Indiana moved to
New York Cityin 1954 and joined the pop artmovement, using distinctive imagery drawing on commercial artapproaches blended with existentialism, that gradually moved toward what Indiana calls "sculptural poems".
In 1962, Eleanor Ward's
Stable Galleryhosted Robert Indiana's first New York solo exhibition. He has since enjoyed solo exhibitions at over 30 museums and galleries worldwide. Indiana's works are in the permanent collections of numerous museums, including MOMA, NY, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York; Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York; Stedelijk Museum, Schiedam, The Netherlands; Carnegie Institute, Pittsburgh; Detroit Institute of Art, Michigan; Baltimore Museum of Art, Maryland; Brandeis Museum, Waltham, Massachusetts; Albright-Knox Gallery of Art, Buffalo, New York; San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, California, the Hirshhorn Museumin Washington D.C.; Institute of Contemporary Art, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; and the Los Angeles County Museum, California, among many many others. [ [http://www.spaightwoodgalleries.com/Pages/Indiana.html Spaightwood Galleries website: Robert Indiana page] ]
Indiana's work often consists of bold, simple, iconic images, especially numbers and short words like "EAT", "HUG", and, his best known example, "LOVE".
Indiana's iconic work "LOVE" was first created for a
Christmas cardfor the Museum of Modern Artin 1964 and later was included on an eight-cent United States Postal Servicepostage stamp in 1973, the first of their regular series of "love stamps." Sculptural versions of the image have been installed at numerous American and international locations.
In 2008, Indiana created an image similar to his iconic "LOVE" (letters tacked two to a line, the letter "o" tilted on its side), but this time showcasing the word "HOPE," and has donated all proceeds from the image Democrat
Barack Obama's presidential campaign. A stainless steel sculpture of "HOPE" was unveiled outside Denver's Pepsi Center during the 2008 Democratic National Convention. The Obama campaign is currently selling T-shirts, pins, bumper stickers and other items adorned with "HOPE". [ [http://www.thestarpress.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20080830/NEWS06/80830005 Associated Press article: "New Castle native Robert Indiana creates HOPE image for Obama"] ]
Other well-known works by Indiana including: his painting the unique basketball court formerly used by the
Milwaukee Bucksin that city's U.S. Cellular Arena, with a large M shape taking up each half of the court; his sculpture in the lobby of Taipei 101, called "1-0" (2002, aluminum), uses multicoloured numbers to suggest the conduct of world trade and the patterns of human life. [Publicly posted material, Floor 89, Taipei 101. 2007-08-17.] ; and the works he created in the aftermath of the September 11, 2001 attacksand exhibited in New York in 2004 called the "Peace Paintings". [ [http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9C05E2D6113FF932A15756C0A9629C8B63 "New York Times" May 21, 2004: "ART IN REVIEW: "Robert Indiana - Peace Paintings] ]
Indiana has lived as a resident in the island town of
Vinalhaven, Mainesince 1978. Indiana has been a theatrical set and costume designer, such as the 1976 production by the Santa Fe Operaof Virgil Thomson's " The Mother of Us All", based on the life of suffragist Susan B. Anthony. He appeared in Andy Warhol's film "Eat" (1964), which is a single 45-minute shot of Indiana eating a mushroom.
* [http://www.2river.org/2RView/2_4/poems/creeley.html American Dream] : Collaboration with American poet
Robert Creeleyat 2River
* [http://americanart.si.edu/search/search_artworks1.cfm?StartRow=1&LastName=indiana&FirstName=robert&Title=&Keyword=&Accession=&query=artworks&dosearch=Go&db=all&format=short] :Smithsonian Museum of American Art
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