- Anselm of Havelberg
Anselm of Havelberg [ Anselm von Havelberg, Anselmus Havelbergensis, Anselmus episcopus Havelbergensis.] (c.1100-1158) was a German
bishopand statesman, and a secular and religious ambassador to Constantinople. He was a Premonstratensian, a defender of his order [ [http://www.domcentral.org/study/aumann/cs/cs06.htm] : "Anselm of Havelberg (+ 1158), in his Apologetic Epistle, showed that the active life and the contemplative life - later referred to as the "mixed life" can be perfectly blended in the life of the canons".] [ [http://www.christendom-awake.org/pages/anichols/epiphany/epiphch8-2.htm] : :The first treatise on the mixed life was that of the regular canon Anselm of Havelberg, who argued that the supreme model of religious life, Christ, practiced contemplation and action equally".] and a critic of the monasticlife of his time, and a theorist of Christian history. According to Friedrich Heer, "the peculiar course of Anselm's life made this much-travelled man the theologian of development, of progress, of the right of novelty in the Church". ["The Intellectual Life of Europe" (English translation, 1966), p.90.]
Anselm's birthplace is uncertain. He was a pupil of
Norbert of Xantenat Laon, and then was appointed to the Bishopric of Havelbergin the Northern March. Because Havelbergwas then controlled by the Polabian Slavs, Anselm's provisional seat was in Jerichow. He served as papal legateand overall commander of the 1147 Wendish Crusade. After Havelberg was recovered by the Saxonsduring the campaign, cathedral construction was begun. [ [http://transromanicaserver.de/en/699bda17-85eb-9386-a856-ea9b030ed87b.html TRANSROMANICA - The Romanesque Routes of European Heritage ] ]
Anselm was sent by
Lothair III, Holy Roman Emperor, to Constantinople in 1136. [ [http://www.gutenberg.org/dirs/etext05/8ch0410.txt] : "Again in 1135 Lothair III had sent as ambassador to John Comnenus a Premonstratensian Canon Anselm afterwards Bishop of Havelberg, who held a debate with Nicetas Archbishop of Nicomedia. According to the report which he subsequently drew up at the request of Eugenius III, the points discussed were the procession of the Holy Ghost, the use of unleavened bread and the claims of Rome".] in the hope of a Byzantine alliance. He held theological discussions with Nicetas of Nicomedia[I. S. Robinson, "The Papacy 1073-1198" (1990), p.182.] , an account of which he wrote later as his Dialogues, at the request of Pope Eugenius III. His account tended to play down the theological differences, including the filioque clause[ [http://www.scoba.us/resources/filioque-p02.asp] ] , but was more stark on the political issues. A later encounter with Basil of Achridain 1154 proved fruitless. [ [http://www.myriobiblos.gr/texts/english/Walter_Berschin_35.html Walter Berschin - 5. The Metropolis Constantinople ] ]
Anselm also served as
Archbishop of Ravennafrom 1155-8. [ [http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/12662b.htm Catholic Encyclopedia: Ravenna ] ] He died in Milan.
Anselm's works include "De ordine canonicorum regularium", "Apologeticum pro ordine canonicorum regularium", and the three "Dialogi" (Greek title "Antikeimenon" [Online text [http://www.clausius-claperone.de] .] ), in the "
* "Dialogues/Anselme de Havelberg" (1966, Paris: Les editions du Cerf)
* Carol Neel, "
Philip of Harvengtand Anselm of Havelberg: The Premonstratensian Vision of Time", Church History, Vol. 62, No. 4 (Dec., 1993), pp. 483-493
* Jay T. Lees (1998) "Anselm of Havelberg: deeds into words in the twelfth century"
*Sebastian Sigler (2005), "Anselm von Havelberg: Beiträge zum Lebensbild eines Politikers, Theologen und königlichen Gesandten im 12. Jahrhundert"
* [http://www.sources-chretiennes.mom.fr/index.php?pageid=auteurs_anciens&id=7#elements_biographiques] fr icon
* [http://www.dekanat-wittenberge.de/] de icon
* [http://www.vaticarsten.de/theologie/theologiedokumente/nkige/anselm_v_havelberg.pdf PDF] de icon
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