A gatepost is a structure used to support gates or wooden crossbars which control entry to an area, such as a field or driveway.


If the gatepost is utilitarian in purpose then gateposts will be made as strictly functional structures; however as part of the 'advertisement' of the status of the family who live beyond, they are often carefully designed and constructed and sometimes highly ornate or individualistic. Gateposts give an additional element of character to the countryside and conurbations, significantly they also play host a a habitat for many lichen, moss and liverwort species.

Construction materials

They are often made of wood, such as old railway sleepers, telegraph poles or even tree trunks. For a longer 'life' more resilient iron girders or pipes may be used and concrete posts are sometimes employed. The older examples were often made of stone, such as granite, whinstone, sandstone or limestone. Occasionally standing stones have been moved and re-used as gateposts, especially on Dartmoor and in Cornwall. Bricks are frequently used and some are made from stones or small boulders, tending to be cylindrical in shape.

Stiles and stoups

These are a form of gate which permits people through or over an entrance but which blocks the passage of animals. Branches or worked wood crossbars were used, one field stile gatepost with 'L' shaped grooves and the opposing stile gatepost with square concavities to receive the three or four horizontal crossbars. Most of these have long been converted to carry hinged gates, however one survives unaltered at the Museum of Scottish Rural Life, Kittochside on Wester Kittochside farm, East Kilbride, Scotland. They were sometimes made entirely of wood, such as oak, which is relatively long lasting.

The term 'Stoup' is used in Cumbria and some examples are elaborately finished, with dates and initials and even whole names, sometimes with the sort of flowing script more usually found on gravestones. One example is dated as far back as 1663Rollinson, William (1998). Making Drystone Walls. Pub. Smith Settle. ISBN 1-85825-097-8. Pp. 36 - 39.] .

The shape of the stile gateposts is variable, mostly being oblong and square in section, however some were 'tombstone' shaped, having two flat sides and a curved top.

Gatepost designs

Ornate gateposts

Many houses have driveways of varing lengths and gateposts are a way of making a social statement of status, through the cost implications of an ornate or 'awe inspiring' entrance way.

Some entrances had two or even three gates attached to the gateposts, such as at Robertland House in East Ayrshire, the side gates being for the use of pedestrians. The gates themselves could be wood or more commonly cast iron, wrought iron or mild steel. A large number of the cast iron gates were removed by the Ministry of Works in WW2 to be melted down and used to build weapons, etc. Once removed these gates were rarely replaced.

A sign of very high status was to have sufficient wealth to have gatehouses or lodges near the gates. Some estates had several lodges and the owners would at one time have employed people to live in these buildings and their jobs would be to open and close the gates, thereby controlling the movements of livestock and also of visitors, some of whom would be denied access or directed way from the front door to the tradesman's entrance.

The date of construction can often be deduced from the style, many being Victorian, due to the wealth creation of the period and the number of large dwellings consequently constructed. Large balls, looking like finials are sometimes precariously perched on top of gateposts, as at Woodway House in Teignmouth, South Devon.

Estate gateposts

Country estates, usually having one owner, tend to show a degree of uniformity in the design of gateposts, which were mostly purchased at the same time. Different estates can sometimes be 'mapped' by the gateposts used, various designs being supplied for the different landowners to choose from. It may be that the same suppliers also made milestones for the turnpike trusts as the two are sometimes of very similar appearance.

Many gateposts have been removed to allow for the access of larger modern farm machinery, sometimes only one has been moved and the other left in situ.

Gateposts gallery

Gatehouses gallery

Eccentric gateposts

Sometimes the personality of the builders of gateways are exhibited, for instance in Scotland it is not too unusual to find curling stones crowning a gatepost. Examples of gateposts with highly ornate railings are sometimes found outside new houses where they dominate the dwelling itself.


See also


External links

* [ article on Ornamental ironwork]
* [ Wrought ironwork]
* [ Columbia Encyclopedia article on ornamental ironwork]
* [ Encyclopædia Britannica article on metalwork]
* ['s_Guide_to_Local_History_Terminology A Researcher's Guide to Local History terminology]

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Gatepost — Gate post (g[=a]t p[=o]st ), n. 1. A post to which a gate is hung; called also {swinging post} or {hinging post}. [1913 Webster] 2. A post against which a gate closes; called also {shutting post}. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • gatepost — ► NOUN ▪ a post on which a gate is hinged or against which it shuts …   English terms dictionary

  • gatepost — [gāt′pōst΄] n. the post on which a gate is hung or the one to which it is fastened when closed …   English World dictionary

  • gatepost — UK [ˈɡeɪtˌpəʊst] / US [ˈɡeɪtˌpoʊst] noun [countable] Word forms gatepost : singular gatepost plural gateposts one of the two upright posts that a gate is fixed to • between you, me, and the gatepost …   English dictionary

  • gatepost — gate|post [ˈgeıtpəust US poust] n 1.) one of two strong upright poles set in the ground to support a gate 2.) between you, me, and the gatepost BrE spoken used to say that you are going to tell someone your opinion, but you want it to be a secret …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • gatepost — gate|post [ geıt,poust ] noun count one of the two upright posts that a gate is attached to between you, me, and the gatepost SPOKEN used for saying that you are telling someone a secret that they should not repeat to anyone …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • gatepost — [[t]ge͟ɪtpoʊst[/t]] gateposts N COUNT A gatepost is a post in the ground which a gate is hung from, or which it is fastened to when it is closed …   English dictionary

  • gatepost — noun (C) 1 one of two strong upright poles fixed to the ground to support a gate 2 between you, me and the gatepost BrE spoken used to say that you are going to tell someone your opinion, but you want it to be a secret …   Longman dictionary of contemporary English

  • gatepost — /ˈgeɪtpoʊst/ (say gaytpohst) noun 1. the post on which a gate is hung, or the one against which it is closed. –phrase 2. between you (and) me and the gatepost, Colloquial in confidence. {Phrase Origin: US colloquial (1880s) {gate1 + post1} …  

  • gatepost — n. a post on which a gate is hung or against which it shuts. Phrases and idioms: between you and me and the gatepost in strict confidence …   Useful english dictionary

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