Elise Ottesen-Jensen

Elise Ottesen-Jensen

Elise Ottesen-Jensen, also known as Ottar, (2 January 18864 September 1973) was a Norwegian-Swedish sex educator, journalist and anarchist agitator, whose main mission was to fight for women's rights to understand and control their own body and sexuality. She was a member of the Swedish anarcho-syndicalist union Central Organisation of the Workers of Sweden.sv icon cite web
url = http://www.sac.se/hist/ottesenjensen.html
title = SAC Syndikalisterna: Elise Ottesen-Jensen
accessdate = 2007-02-26
author = Britta Gröndahl
publisher = SAC
] Her followers consider her a pioneer in the field of womens' rights and feminism.

Her personal motto was "I dream of the day when every new born child is welcome, when men and women are equal, and when sexuality is an expression of intimacy, joy and tenderness."sv icon cite web
url = http://www.yelah.net/articles/omottar0305
title = Yelah.net - Om Elise Ottesen-Jensen
accessdate = 2007-02-28
author = Cindy Larsen
date = 2001-03-05
publisher = Yelah
] cite web
url = http://www.rfsu.se/our_history.asp
title = The Swedish Association for Sexuality Education: Our history
accessdate = 2007-03-01
publisher = RFSU
]

Biography

A vicar's daughter, Ottar was born as "Elise Ottesen", the 17th of 18 children, in the municipality of Høyland (incorporated into Sandnes in 1965) in Rogaland county, Norway. Later in life, her father sent away her little sister Magnhild to give birth in Denmark, so that she could be forced to give up her child. Maghild was told nothing about pregnancy or birth, and for nine months she feared that her stomach would just split. She committed suicide because of the longing for the child she had to leave behind. For this, Ottar could never forgive her father, and the fate of her sister became a strong driving force for her commitment to the struggle for women's rights.

Ottar's dream was to become a dentist, but an explosion in the chemistry laboratory of her high school injured her fingers, spoiling her chances to pursue a dentist career. [cite web
url = http://www.hemlin.pp.se/USottesen.html
title = Elise Ottesen-Jensen
accessdate = 2007-03-01
author = Bengt Hemlin
year = 2002
] Instead she started to work in a newspaper, and eventually became a journalist. She had always questioned the preachings of her father, and early arrived at the conclusion that she was not a christian. She now found that her sympathies were with the socialists, and it was with them she would struggle for the rest of her life.

She made several attempts to organize working class women. But soon they started asking her for advice in sexual matters, asking her questions like "Do I have always have to when my husband wants to?", "What can I do to avoid getting pregnant?".

By the end of the First World War, Ottar met and developed a close friendship with the anarcho-syndicalist peace agitator Albert Jensen. They later married, and Elise Ottesen changed her surname to Ottesen-Jensen. When Albert Jensen was expelled from Norway, she came with him to Denmark. There, she gave birth to their child, who died soon after birth.

Ottar and Albert moved to Sweden, and she came to know a doctor who amongst other things taught her how to use a diaphragm. She then set out for her first nation-wide tour, in Sweden. She travelled from Skåne to Norrland, teaching female workers how to avoid pregnancy. She agitated for the right for women to experience sexual pleasure, for free abortion, for the repealing of the laws against contraceptives, for gay rights, and more. What she did was illegal and she risked harsh penalties.

In the 1920s, Ottar was a regular writer for Arbetaren, with her own column focusing on feminist issues. After a disagreements with the other editors of Arbetaren in 1925, she started her own paper, "Vi kvinnor". The paper did however not last for long. A few years later, she also wrote for the anarchist magazine Brand. [sv icon cite web
url = http://hem.passagen.se/utti/EliseOttesen-Jensen.htm
title = Elise Ottesen-Jensen
accessdate = 2007-03-01
author = Hjördis Levin
]

In 1933, Ottar, together with a number of radical medical doctors and trade union representatives, founded the Swedish Association for Sexuality Education ( _sv. Riksförbundet för Sexuell Upplysning, RFSU).cite book
last=Boethius
first=Carl Gustaf
title=Sex Education in Swedish Schools: The Facts and the Fiction
url=http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0014-7354(198511%2F12)17%3A6%3C276%3ASEISST%3E2.0.CO%3B2-F
accessdate=2007-03-01
series=Family Planning Perspectives, Vol. 17, No. 6
year=1985
publisher=Guttmacher Institute
oclc=38889422
doi=10.2307/2135318
pages=pp. 276
] She became its first President, and held this post until 1956.cite web
url = http://www.psychomedia.it/jep/number17/johansson.htm
title = Sweden and Psychoanalysis
accessdate = 2007-03-01
author = Per Magnus Johansson
year = 2003
publisher = [http://www.psychomedia.it/index2.htm Psychomedia]
] Ottesen-Jensen was also one of the founders of the International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF), in 1953. [cite web
url = http://www.lesleyahall.net/hsxarc27.htm
title = Histsex archives, January 2001
accessdate = 2007-03-01
author = Lena Lennerhed
date = 2001-01-10
] A paper published by RFSU bears the name "Ottar", to honour Elise Ottesen-Jensen. This paper changed its name to "Ottar" in 2001, and was earlier known as "RFSU bulletin".sv icon cite web
url = http://www.rfsu.se/om_tidningen_ottar.asp
title = Riksförbundet för sexuell upplysning: Om tidningen Ottar
accessdate = 2007-03-01
publisher = RFSU
]

Bibliography

:"This list contains only publications with over 50 pages."
* "Ovälkomna barn: ett ord till kvinnorna" (1926)
* "Människor i nöd : Det sexuella mörkrets offer" (1932)
* "ABC för ett lyckligt äktenskap" (with Nils Nielsen, 1947)
* "Och livet skrev" (1965)
* "Livet skrev vidare" (1966)
* "Arbetarrörelsen - männens eller mänsklighetens rörelse?" (a selection of Ottar's articles in Arbetaren and Brand in the 1920s, by Ingrid Primander, 1980)

References


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Поможем сделать НИР

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Brand (magazine) — Brand is a magazine on anarchism that has been published since 1898 [ [http://www.kb.se/nl/titlar/355.htm Royal Library newspaper index] ] making it the oldest continuously published anarchist magazine and the second oldest in general. It takes… …   Wikipedia

  • Natation aux Jeux olympiques d'été de 2008, résultats détaillés - Femmes — Article principal : Natation aux Jeux olympiques de 2008. Cette page présente les résultats féminins détaillés des épreuves de natation aux Jeux olympiques d été de 2008. Sommaire 1 Nage en bassin 1.1 Nage libre …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Natation aux jeux Olympiques d'été de 2008, résultats détaillés - Femmes — Article principal : Natation aux Jeux olympiques de 2008. Cette page présente les résultats féminins détaillés des épreuves de natation aux Jeux olympiques d été de 2008. Sommaire 1 Nage en bassin 1.1 Nage libre …   Wikipédia en Français

  • List of people from Minnesota — This is a list of notable persons who were born or spent important time in the state of Minnesota. People not born in Minnesota are marked with §. Contents: Top · 0–9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z …   Wikipedia

  • Olympische Sommerspiele 2008/Schwimmen — Bei den XXIX. Olympischen Sommerspielen 2008 in Peking wurden 36 Wettbewerbe im Schwimmen ausgetragen. Davon fanden 32 Wettbewerbe auf der 50 Meter Bahn statt, hinzu kamen jeweils zwei Wettkämpfe im Langstreckenschwimmen und im …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Norwegian nobility — are persons and families who in early times belonged to the supreme social, political, and military class and who later were members of the institutionalised nobility in the Kingdom of Norway. It has its historical roots in the group of… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”