- Spartan Cruiser
name = Cruiser
type = Light Transport
manufacturer = Spartan Aircraft Limited
first flight = 1932
introduced = 1933
number built = 16
unit cost =
primary user =
more users =
developed from =
variants with their own articles =
The Cruiser started life as the Saro-Percival Mailplane, a three-engined monoplane
mailplanedesigned by Edgar Percivaland built by Saunders-Roe Limited (Saro) at Cowes in 1931. When Saro was financially re-organised, Percival sold his interest in the aircraft to Saro who re-designated it the Saro A.24 Mailplane. Due to the close ties between Saro and Spartan Aircraft the development of the aircraft was transferred to Spartan and the aircraft was re-designated again as the Spartan Mailplane. The Mailplane flew a test flight to Karachi, Indiain 1932 in 5 days 23 hours 50 minutes.
Spartan decided that there was not a future for the mailplane and the aircraft was re-designed as a passenger carrier. This re-designed aircraft first flew in 1932 and was designated the Spartan Cruiser . The original three-engined low-wing format had been retained, but the
plywood fuselagewas replaced with an all-metal fuselage to carry six passengers and two crew.
Both the new Cruiser and the Mailplane were displayed at the first
Hendon Society of British Aircraft Constructors(SBAC) Show in June 1932. The Cruiser was then used for demonstrations including a 3,593 mile European sales tour. The Yugoslaviaairline Aeroputordered two aircraft and a licence to build further examples in Yugoslavia. Only one aircraft was built in Zemunby Zmaj aircraft company [ [http://www.aeroflight.co.uk/waf/yugo/yugo-aviation-industry.htm Zmaj aircraft company] ] in 1935.
Only one Cruiser (later Cruiser I) was built and the aircraft was redesigned as the Spartan Cruiser II. Iraq Airwork Limited ordered two aircraft for an experimental air route between
Baghdadand Mosul. In the next two-years twelve Cruisers were built, five of which were exported. Spartan Air Lines Limited was formed to operate the Cruiser between Hestonand Cowes. The airline operated the one Cruiser I (G-ABTY) and two Cruiser IIs (G-ACDW and G-ACSM) from 1 April 1933.
One further development was the Spartan Cruiser III which had an aerodynamically refined fuselage, a modified windscreen and a trousered
undercarriage. Only three Cruiser IIIs were built (G-ACVT, G-ACYK and G-ADEL).
The fuselage of Cruiser III registration G-ACYK is on display at the
Museum of Flight, East Fortune, Scotland. This aircraft crashed in 1938; the cabin section was moved by helicopterin 1973 from the crash site near Largsto the museum.
*Bata Shoe Company
Misr Airwork Limited
*Maharajah of Patiala
Iraq Airwork Limited
*British Airways Limited
Northern and Scottish Airways Limited
Scottish Airways Limited
Spartan Airlines Limited
Royal Air Force
pecifications (Cruiser II)
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