Infobox Settlement
English_name = Cherson
official_name = Kherson
native_name = Херсон
nickname =

imagesize =
image_caption =

image_shield =Kherson1995_city_coa.gif
nickname =
motto =

mapsize = 250px
map_caption = Map of Ukraine with Kherson highlighted.
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name =Ukraine
Kherson Oblast
Kherson City Municipality
established_title = Founded
established_date = June 18, 1778
established_title1 =
established_date1 =
leader_title = Mayor
leader_name = Volodymyr Saldo
area_magnitude =
area_total_km2 = 135.7
area_land_km2 =
area_water_km2 =
population_as_of = 2007
population_note =
population_total = 358000|population_footnotes=
population_metro =| population_density_km2 = 1081|pushpin_

pushpin_label_position =
pushpin_map_caption =Location of Kherson
pushpin_mapsize =
latd=46 |latm=38 |lats=0 |latNS=N
longd=32 |longm=35 |longs=0 |longEW=E
elevation_m =
|postal_code_type=Postal code
postal_code = 73000
area_code = +380 552
blank_info =
blank1_info = Rzeszów|blank1_name=Sister cities
|website = []
footnotes =

Kherson ( _uk. Херсон) is a city in southern Ukraine. It is the administrative center of the Kherson Oblast (province), and is designated as its own separate raion (district) within the oblast. Kherson is an important port on the Black Sea and Dnieper River, and the home of a major ship-building industry.

The current estimated population is 329,000 (as of 2007).


Until 1774, the region belonged to the Crimean Khanate. Kherson was founded in 1778 by Grigori Aleksandrovich Potemkin, on the orders of Catherine the Great. The city was built on the site of a small fortress called Aleksandr-Shants. The name Kherson is a contraction of Chersonesos, an ancient Greek colony founded approximately 2500 years ago in the southwestern part of Crimea.

See also Kherson history in maps, below.


As of Ukrainian National Census (2001), the ethnic groups living within Kherson are:
* Ukrainians - 76.6%
* Russians - 20.0%
* Other - 3.4%


Architectural monuments

* Kherson TV Tower — is a famous construction located in the city.
* Spaskiy Cathedral (1781)
* Adziogol Lighthouse, hyperboloid structure designed by V.G.Shukhov, 1911

Famous people from Kherson

* Sergei Bondarchuk, Soviet, Ukrainian-born film director, screenwriter, and actor.
* Evgeny Kucherevsky, Ukrainian football coach of Dnipro Dnipropetrovsk (died 2006)
* Larissa Latynina, a Soviet gymnast who was the first female athlete to win nine Olympic gold medals
* Tatiana Lysenko, a Soviet and Ukrainian gymnast who won the gold medal on the balance beam at the 1992 Summer Olympics in Barcelona.
* Moshe Sharett, the second Prime Minister of Israel (1953-1955)
* Sergey Stanishev, Prime Minister of Bulgaria
* Mircea Ionescu-Quintus, a Romanian politician, writer, and jurist
* John Howard (died in Kherson in 1790)
* Salomon Rosenblum, later known as Lieutenant Sidney Reilly, a secret agent and international adventurer and playboy who was at one time employed by the British Secret Intelligence Service. He is reputed to be the real inspiration for Ian Fleming's spy character, James Bond.
* Leon Trotsky, Bolshevik revolutionary and Marxist theorist.
* Jefim (Jef) Golyscheff (1897-1970) Painter and composer associated with the Dada movement in Berlin..
*Nikolai Grinko, Ukrainian Soviet-era film actor
*Vladimir Nikolaevich Kravchenko (b.07.07.1947,Kherson city), Ukrainian painter. Мистецтво України, 1997 — С. 331.

Places of interest

History in maps

External links

* [ Kherson city administration website] uk icon
* [ Kherson portal] uk icon
* [ Kherson patriots] uk icon
* [ Kherson City Portal - Info and Entertainment] uk icon

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Kherson — Херсон …   Wikipédia en Français

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  • Kherson — Kherson, so v.w. Cherson …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Kherson — ville d Ukraine, près de l embouchure du Dniepr; ch. l. de la prov. du m. nom; 352 000 hab. Port et centre industriel …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Kherson — [ker sôn′] port in S Ukraine, on the Dnepr near its mouth: pop. 365,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Kherson — Cherson (Херсон) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Kherson — noun a) A port city on the Dnieper in Ukraine, administrative centre of Kherson province. b) Kherson province (oblast), in southern Ukraine. Syn: Kherson Oblast …   Wiktionary

  • Kherson — Original name in latin Kherson Name in other language Cherson, Chersona, Chersonas, Cherso Gorad Kherson, H erson, Herson, Hersono, Herszon, H’erson, Jerson, Jersn, KHE, Kherson, Xerson, he er song, heleuson, heruson, hrswn, khersana, khersoni,… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Kherson — /ker sawn /; Russ. /khyirdd sawn /, n. a port in S Ukraine, on the Dnieper River, on the Black Sea. 340,000. * * * ▪ Ukraine also spelled  Cherson        city, southern Ukraine. It lies on the right (west) bank of the lower Dnieper River about 15 …   Universalium

  • KHERSON —    (62), on the Dnieper, 19 m. from the sea and 60 m. E. of Odessa; capital of the Russian government of Kherson; has been surpassed in importance by Odessa; its trade is in timber, and industries are soap making, brewing, and wool cleansing …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

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