United States Army Intelligence and Security Command

United States Army Intelligence and Security Command

The United States Army Intelligence and Security Command (INSCOM), a direct reporting unit that conducts intelligence, security, and information operations for military commanders and national decision makers. INSCOM is both an organization within the United States Army and the National Security Agency, the nation's unified Signals Intelligence Organization. Within the National Security Agency, INSCOM and its counterparts in the Navy and Air Force are known as Central Security Service. INSCOM is headquartered at Fort Belvoir, Virginia.

Mission

INSCOM collects intelligence information in all intelligence disciplines to provide unit commanders intelligence for the battlefield and the focus of combat power. The organization also conducts intelligence production activities, ranging from intelligence preparation of the battlefield to situation development, SIGINTanalysis, imagery exploitation, and science and technology intelligence production. INSCOM also has significant responsibilities in counterintelligence, force protection, electronic warfare, and information warfare. Additionally, INSCOM supports force modernization and training.

INSCOM's stated vision for operations includes (1) conducting and supporting relevant intelligence, security and information operations for Army, joint and combined forces; (2) optimizing national/theater/tactical partnerships; (3) exploiting leading edge technology, and (4) meeting the challenge of today, tomorrow and the 21st Century.

tructure

66th Military Intelligence Brigade

Conducts theater level multidiscipline intelligence and security operations and, when directed, deploys prepared forces to conduct joint/combined expeditionary and contingency operations in support of U.S. Army Europe and U.S. European Command.

116th Military Intelligence Group

Located at Fort Gordon, Georgia, provides personnel, intelligence assets and technical support to conduct signals intelligence operations within the National Security Agency/Central Security Service Georgia (NSA/CSS Georgia) and worldwide.

300th Military Intelligence Brigade (Linguist)

Provides trained and ready linguist and military intelligence soldiers to commanders from brigade through Army level.

470th Military Intelligence Brigade

Provides timely and fused multi-discipline intelligence in support of U.S. Army South, U.S. Southern Command and other national intelligence agencies.

500th Military Intelligence Brigade

Located at Schofield Barracks, Hawaii, provides multi-disciplined intelligence support for joint and coalition war fighters in the U.S. Army Pacific area of responsibility.

501st Military Intelligence Brigade

Is dedicated to supporting combined forces operations upholding the armistice agreement that ended hostile action on the Korean Peninsula in 1953.

513th Military Intelligence Brigade

Deploys in strength or in tailored elements to conduct multidiscipline intelligence and security operations in support of Army components of U.S. Central Command, U.S. Southern Command and other theater Army commanders.

704th Military Intelligence Brigade

Conducts synchronized full-spectrum signals intelligence, computer network and information assurance operations directly and through the National Security Agency to satisfy national, joint, combined and Army information superiority requirements.

902d Military Intelligence Group

Provides direct and general counterintelligence support to Army activities and major commands.

1st Information Operations Command (Land)

Is the only Army full-spectrum IO organization engaged from information operations theory development and training to operational application across the range of military operations.

Army Operations Activity

Conducts human intelligence operations and provide expertise in support of ground component priority intelligence requirements using a full spectrum of human intelligence collection methods.

Central Clearance Facility

Serves as the U.S. Army’s executive agency for personnel security determinations in support of Army world-wide missions.

Army Joint Surveillance Target Attack Radar System Company (JSTARS)

Provides Army aircrew members aboard JSTARS aircraft to support surveillance and targeting operations of Army land component and joint or combined task force commanders worldwide.

National Ground Intelligence Center

Is the Defense Department’s primary producer of ground forces intelligence.

History

Merger and Creation of INSCOM

On January 1, 1977, the United States Army Intelligence and Security Command (INSCOM) was organized at Arlington Hall Station, Virginia, to provide the Army with a single organization for conducting multi-discipline intelligence, security operations, and electronic warfare at the level above corps. The new organization merged the former U.S. Army Security Agency, the signal intelligence and signal security organizations previously located at Arlington Hall, Virginia, the U.S. Army Intelligence Agency, a counterintelligence and human intelligence agency based at Fort George G. Meade, Maryland, and several intelligence production units formerly controlled by the Assistant Chief of Staff for Intelligence and U.S. Army Forces Command. Brigadier General (later Major General) William I. Rolya, former commanding general of the Army Security Agency, became INSCOM’s first commanding general.

On October 1, 1977, the former U.S. Army Intelligence Agency headquarters was integrated into INSCOM, and the command established a unified intelligence production element, the Intelligence and Threat Analysis Center, on January 1, 1978. Additionally, INSCOM assumed command of three military intelligence groups located overseas: the 66th Military Intelligence Group in Germany, the 470th Military Intelligence Group in Panama, and the 500th Military Intelligence Group in Japan. These groups were transformed into multidisciplinary units by incorporating former Army Security Agency assets into the previously existing elements. A fourth such group, the 501st Military Intelligence Brigade, was soon organized in Korea.

Parapsychologic Methods

In association with the DIA, and under the leadership of commanding general Albert Stubblebine, INSCOM attempted to use parapsychologic methods such as remote viewing in operation "Center Lane". This was done as late as 1981. Other U.S. intelligence services attempted similar projects during the same period, most notably the Stargate Project by the Central Intelligence Agency. Some German services during World War II experimented in parapsychologic methods as well, without any useful results.

External links

* [http://www.inscom.army.mil Official site]
* [http://www.inscom.army.mil/history_supp.html|INSCOM History]
** [http://www.usarmygermany.com/Units/Military%20Intelligence/USAREUR_66thMIBde.htm 66th Military Intelligence Brigade Homepage]
** [https://www.470mi.inscom.army.mil/default.html 470th Military Intelligence Brigade Homepage]
** [http://500mib.hi.pac.army.mil/ 500th Military Intelligence Brigade Homepage]
** [http://www.gordon.army.mil/513mi/ 513th Military Intelligence Brigade Homepage]


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