img_coa = Avellino-Stemma.png
official_name = Avellino
province = Avellino (AV)
elevation_m = 348
area_total_km2 = 30
December 31, 2004
population_total = 56993
population_density_km2 = 1752
timezone = CET, UTC+1
coordinates = coord|40|55|N|14|47|E
frazioni = Picarelli, Bellizzi Irpino, Valle, Pianodardine
telephone = 0825
postalcode = 83100
gentilic = Avellinesi
saint = St. Modestino
mayor = Giuseppe Galasso
website = [http://www.comune.avellino.it www.comune.avellino.it]
Avellino is a town and
comune, capital of the province of Avellinoin the Campaniaregion of southern Italy. It is situated in a plain surrounded by mountains 42 km (19 mi) north-east of Naplesand is an important hub on the road from Salernoto Benevento.
Before the Roman conquest, the ancient "Abellinum" was a centre of the Samnite
The town was Christianized around 500 AD, becoming an episcopal see. There followed the invasions of the
Gothsand Vandals. Subsequently Avellino became a Lombard centre, with a castle on the Terra hill. In the early Middle Ages it was part of the Duchy (later Principate) of Benevento and, after the latter’s fall, of the Principate of Salerno.
In 1100, during the Norman rule of southern Italy, it was acquired by Riccardo dell’Aquila. Later King
Charles I of Anjouassigned it to the Montfortfamily, who were succeeded by the Del Balzo and the Filangierian of the House of Candia.
The feudal rights to Avellino were purchased in 1581 by Don
Marino I Caracciolo, duke of Atripalda, of a patrician family of Naples, who was made Prince of Avellino in 1589. Avellino became the main seat of the Caracciolo. Don Marino’s son and grandson were consecutively Grand Chancellor of the Kingdom of Naples and chevaliers of the Order of the Golden Fleece. The grandson, Don Marino II (1587-1630), was the patron of Giambattista Basile, author of the " Pentamerone".
In 1820 Avellino was seat of revolutionary riots. However, the
Unification of Italysome fifty years later did not bring any benefit to the city, being cut off from the main railway line Naples-Benevento- Foggia, and far from the sea as well.
In 1943 the city was bombed by Allied planes in an attempt to cut off the retreat of German panzer units over the important Bridge of Ferriera.
Avellino has suffered from seismic activity throughout its history and was struck hard by the
earthquakes of 23 November, 1980and 14 February, 1981.
Some ruins of the ancient Abellinum can be seen near the modern village of Atripalda, 4 km (2.5 mi) East of modern Avellino.
The "Cathedral", with its Romanesque
crypt, stands on the site of a rich and famous Roman villa which was built around 129 BC and abandoned after the eruption of Vesuviusand associated earthquake in 346.
There are some remains of the "Lombard castle" in Piazza Castello (Castle Square).
* [http://www.comune.avellino.it/ Official website]
* [http://www.avellinomagazine.it Il Magazine della città di Avellino]
* [http://www.novamedia.it/sienall/avelcitt.htm Giuseppe Stefanachi's site]
* [http://www.sardimpex.com/caracciolo/Caracciolo-Avellino.htm Caracciolo di Avellino] : genealogy of the dukes of Avellino
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