William R. Bennett, Jr.

William R. Bennett, Jr.

William R. Bennett (January 30, 1930 - June 29, 2008) was an American physicist known for his pioneering work on gas lasers. He spent most of his career on the faculty of Yale University.

Career

Bennett's graduate work in physics was on spectroscopy and collisions of the second kind in the noble gases. He received his Ph.D. from Columbia University. Bennett became a tenured professor at Yale University in 1962 and retired in 2000.

He was co-inventor of the first gas laser (the helium-neon laser) at Bell Laboratories in Murray Hill, New Jersey, discovered the argon ion laser, was first to observe spectral hole burning effects in gas lasers, and created a theory of hole burning effects on laser oscillation. He was co-discoverer of lasers using electron impact excitation in each of the noble gases, dissociative excitation transfer in the neon-oxygen laser (the first chemical laser), and collision excitation in several metal vapor lasers. He was one of the first to incorporate the use of computers to teach physics and, with his daughter Dr. Jean Bennett Maguire, devised a method of real-time spectral phonocardiography for the detection and classification of heart murmurs. He set a stringent limit on the existence of “The Fifth Force” and showed that it was improbable that magnetic fields from power lines could cause cancer. His research on the physics of musical instruments became the basis of a popular course he gave at Yale. He has written eight books, twelve patents and over 120 research papers. His principal avocation is playing chamber music. He studied the clarinet with Simeon Bellison and has been clarinet soloist with several amateur symphony orchestras.

He wrote eight books, held twelve patents and published over 120 research papers. He received the 1965 IEEE Morris N. Liebmann Memorial Award.


= Honors [http://www.eng.yale.edu/content/historicbennett.asp Bennett History at Yale School of Engineering and Applied Science] ] =

* Member of Sigma Xi
* Fellow of the American Physical Society; the Optical Society of America, and the IEEE;
* Listed in A Century of Honor (IEEE Press).
* 1947 - Stanley Silverman Prize in Chemistry
* 1963 - Alfred P. Sloan Foundation Fellow
* 1964 - Honorary MA, Yale University
* 1965 - Morris N. Liebmann Award of the IEEE (for the invention of the gas laser)
* 1967 - J. S. Guggenheim Foundation Fellow
* 1972 - C. B. Sawyer Chair, Yale University
* 1974, 1975, 1976 - Annual "Ten Best Teachers" award, Yale Student Course Critique
* 1974 - Fellow, IEEE ("for contributions to the realization and understanding of gas lasers")
* 1975 - Honorary D.Sc., University of New Haven
* 1977 - Western Electric Fund Award of the ASME ("for excellence in instruction of engineering students")
* 1977 - Outstanding Patent Award of the Research and Development Council of New Jersey for U.S.Patent No. 3614653 (for the first gas laser)
* 1987 - John F. Enders Research Fellow
* 1994 - Eli Whitney Award of Connecticut Patent Law Association (for the invention of spectral phonocardiograph.)
* 1997 - Life Fellow, IEEE
* 2000 - DeVane Medal for Distinguished Scholarship and Teaching at Yale University, Phi Beta Kappa


= Patents =

* " [Pulsed Helium-Neon] Gas Optical Maser" (with A. Javan), U. S. Patent No. 3149290 (granted Sept. 15, 1964)
* " [Dissociative Transfer] Gas Optical Maser" (with A. Javan), U. S. Patent No. 3159707 (granted Dec. 1, 1964)
* "Frequency Stabilized Optical Maser [based on Spectral Hole-burning] ", U. S. Patent No. 3172057 (granted Feb. 16, 1965)
* " [High Power] Gaseous Optical Maser", U. S. Patent No. 3172057 (granted March 2, 1965)
* "Optical Maser Employing Multiple Gases [Krypton, Xenon and Radon with Helium] " (with W. L. Faust, R. A. McFarlane and C. K. N.Patel, U. S. Patent No. 3278858 (granted Oct. 11, 1966)
* "Laser Utilizing Collision Depopulation [of the Lower Level] " (with G. Gould), U. S. Patent No. 3562662 (Granted Feb. 9, 1971)
* "Low-Level Laser with Cyclic Excitation [Copper, Manganese, etc., metal vapor lasers] " (with Gordon Gould and W. T. Walter), U. S. Patent No. 3576500 (granted April 27, 1971)
* " [Cw Helium-Neon] Optical Maser" (with D. R. Herriott and A. Javan), U. S. Patent No.3614653 (granted Oct. 19, 1971)
* "Method and Device for Compensating for Partial Hearing Loss", U. S. Patent No. 4868880 (granted Sept. 19, 1989)
* "Dynamic Spectral Phonocardiograph" (with J. B. Maguire), U. S. Patent No. 4967760 (granted Nov. 6, 1990).
* "Dynamic Spectral Phonocardiograph [using Computer Diagnostics] " (with J. B. Maguire), U.S.Patent No. 5012815 (granted May 7, 1991).
* "Laser with Reduced Intensity Fluctuations" ("Laser Stabilitron" with V. P. Chebotayev), U. S. Patent No.5251229 (Oct. 5, 1993).


= Books =

* 1964 - Gas Lasers (Moscow, Izdattel'stvo "MIR"), translated into Russian by S. G. Rautian and A. S. Khaikin
* 1965 - Chemical Lasers, (Editor with K. Schuler) (Applied Optics Supplement No. 2, Optical Soc. of Amer., Washington, DC)
* 1976 - Introduction to Computer Applications for Non-Science Students, (Prentice-Hall, Englewood-Cliffs, N.J.)
* 1976 - Scientific and Engineering Problem Solving with the Computer, (Prentice-Hall, Englewood-Cliffs, N.J.)
* 1977 - The Physics of Gas Lasers, (Gordon and Breach, London)
* 1979 - Atomic Gas Laser Transition Data (Plenum Publishing Company, New York)
* 1994 - Health and Low Frequency Electromagnetic Fields (Yale University Press, New Haven)

References

External links

* [http://www.eng.yale.edu/content/Member.asp?MemberIK=250 Profile at Yale School of Engineering and Applied Science]
* [http://www.boston.com/news/local/connecticut/articles/2008/07/01/william_bennett_pioneering_laser_researcher_dies/ Obituary]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • William Richards Bennett — William Richards „Bill“ Bennett PC, OC, OBC (* 18. August 1932 in Kelowna) ist ein kanadischer Politiker und Unternehmer. Er war von Oktober 1975 bis November 1986 Premierminister der Provinz British Columbia und Vorsitzender der British Columbia …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • William sterndale bennett — Sir William Sterndale Bennett (* 13 avril 1816 à Sheffield † 1er février 1875 à Londres) fut le fondateur de la Bach Society, qui organisa la première audition anglaise de la …   Wikipédia en Français

  • William John Bennett — (* 31. Juli 1943 in Brooklyn, New York City) ist ein US amerikanischer Politiker (Republikaner), Kommentator. In der Reagan Regierung leitete er von 1981 bis 1985 die National Endowment for the Humanities und diente danach von 1985 bis 1988 als… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • William R. Bennett, Jr. — William R. Bennett, Jr. (* 30. Januar 1930 in Jersey City; † 29. Juni 2008 in Haverford, Pennsylvania) war ein US amerikanischer Physiker. Bennett war 1960 ein Miterfinder des ersten Gaslasers, eines Helium Neon Lasers, an den Bell Laboratories.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • William H. Bennett — William Hunter Bennett (1910 11 05 – 1980 07 23) was a general authority of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter day Saints (LDS Church) from 1970 until his death.Bennett was born in Taber, Alberta, Canada. He attended the School of Agriculture… …   Wikipedia

  • William Tapley Bennett Jr. — William Tapley Bennett William Tapley Bennett Jr. (* 1. April 1917 in Griffin, Georgia; † 29. November 1994 in Washington D.C.) war Diplomat unter neun Regierungen der USA. Seine Eltern waren Annie Mem Little und William Tapley Bennett. Er… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • William R. Bennett — William Ralph Bennett, Jr. (* 30. Januar 1930 in Jersey City; † 29. Juni 2008 in Haverford, Pennsylvania) war ein US amerikanischer Physiker. Bennett war 1960 ein Miterfinder des ersten Gaslasers, eines Helium Neon Lasers, an den Bell… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • William Tapley Bennett Jr. — William Tapley Bennett Jr. (April 1 1917 November 29 1994) was an American diplomat who served as Ambassador to the Dominican Republic during the 1965 civil war.Born in Griffin, Georgia, Bennett earned a law degree from George Washington… …   Wikipedia

  • William Humphrey Bennett — (December 23, 1859 ndash; March 15, 1925) was a Canadian politician.Born in Barrie, Canada West, the son of Humphrey Bennett and Anne A. Fraser, Bennett was educated at the Barrie Public and High Schools. After studying law he was called to the… …   Wikipedia

  • William Sterndale Bennett — Sir William Sterndale Bennett (13 April 1816 1 February 1875) was an English composer and pianist.Bennett was born at Sheffield, the son of Robert Bennett, an organist. Having lost his father at an early age, he was brought up at Cambridge by his …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”