- Bird Cherry
name = Bird Cherry
image_width = 240px
image_caption = Bird Cherry flowers
divisio = Magnoliophyta
genus = "
subgenus = "Padus"
species = "P. padus"
binomial = "Prunus padus"
binomial_authority = L.
The Bird Cherry ("Prunus padus"; syn. Cerasus padus (L., "Prunus racemosa" Lam.)
Delarbre) is a species of cherry, native to northern Europeand northern Asia, growing even north of the Arctic Circlein Norway. It is the type species of the subgenus "Padus" with flowers in racemes, which are hermaphroditic and pollinated by bees and flies; it is a deciduoussmall treeor large shrub8-16 m tall.
The English name refers to the berries, which are
astringentand bitter, seldom used in Western Europe (but commonly eaten in Russia and elsewhere), readily eaten by birds, which do not taste astringency as unpleasant. It was used medicinally during the Middle Ages, and the bark, placed at the door, was supposed to ward off the plague.
Another name is the Hagberry, and the fruit can be known as Hags.
There are two varieties:
*European Bird Cherry "Prunus padus" var. "padus". Europe and western Asia.
*Asian Bird Cherry "Prunus padus" var. "commutata". Eastern Asia.
* [http://www-saps.plantsci.cam.ac.uk/trees/cherry.htm Bird cherry information and pictures]
* [http://www.toof.org.uk/identify/birdcherry/birdcherry.html Tips to identify bird cherry]
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