- Classical Indian dance
Indian classical dance is a relatively new umbrella term for various codified art forms rooted in
Natya, the sacred Hindu musical theatrestyles, whose theory can be traced back to the Natya Shastraof Bharata Muni(400 BC). These are:
* Dances performed inside the sanctum of the temple according to the rituals were called
Agama Nartanam. This was a spiritual dance form.
* Dances performed in royal courts to the accompaniment of classical music were called
Carnatakam. This was an intellectual art form.
Darbari Aattamform of dance appealed more to the commoners and it educated them about their religion, culture and social life. These dances were performed outside the temple precincts in the courtyards.
For lack of any equivalents in the European culture, the British colonial authorities called any performing art forms found in India as "Indian dance". Even though the art of
Natyaincludes nritta, or danceproper, Natyahas never been limited to dancing and includes singing, abhinaya( mimeacting). These features are common to all the Indian classical styles.
A very important feature of Indian classical dances is the use of the
mudraor hand gestures by the artists as a short-hand sign languageto narrate a story and to demonstrate certain concepts such as objects, weather, nature and emotion.
Sangeet Natak Akademicurrently confers classical status on eight Indian dance forms:Fact|date=February 2007
Bharatanatyam- Tamil Classical Dance
Odissi- Orrisa Classical dance
Kuchipudi- Telugu Classical dance
#Manipuri - Manipur Classical Dance
Mohiniaattam- Kerala Classical Dance
#Sattriya - Asamese Classical Dance
Kathakali- Malayalam Classical Dance
Kathak- North Indian Classical Dance Out of the 8 styles, the most ancient ones and the ones that have their origin in Agama Nartanamare Bharatanatyamand Odissi. These two most faithfully adhere to the Natya Shastra. Kuchipudiand Mohiniaattamare relatively recent Darbari Aatamforms, just as Kathakali, and two eastern Indian styles, Manipuri and Sattriya, that are quite similar. Kathakwas influenced in the Mughal period by various other dance forms, including Persian dance.
Classical Indian dance in the
Rajand since 1947
Rajin India was a time of cultural hardship where these traditional dances were viewed by the British rulers as debauched and of doubtful morality. Furthermore, they were all labelled broadly as 'Indian dance' with no regard to the specifics of style. Later, linking dance with tawaifs and devadasis (both groups whom the government considered to be prostitutes), British rule prohibited public performance of dance. In 1947, India achieved independence. The classical forms and regional distinctions of dance were re-discovered, ethnic specialities were honoured.
last = Ambrose
first = Kay
title = Classical Dances and Costumes of India
publisher = Palgrave Macmillan
date = 1984
last = Banerji
first = Projesh
title = Kathak Dance Through Ages
publisher = Cosmo Publications
date = 1982
location = New Delhi
last = Andhra Pradesh Tourism
title = Andhra Natyam
publisher = Andhra Pradesh Government
url = http://www.ap.gov.in/aptourism/themes/heritage/heritage_folkarts_bottom5.html
accessdate = 2008-01-29
*dmoz|Arts/Performing_Arts/Dance/Classical_Indian/|Classical Indian dance -- over 250 links to Classical Indian Dance resources
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