- Doubs (department)
Arpitan: "Dubs") is a department in eastern Francenamed after the Doubs River. Its pronunciation is /du/ (the last two letters are silent).
As early as the 13th century, inhabitants of the northern two-thirds of Doubs spoke the
Franc-Comtois language, a dialect of Langue d'Oïl. Residents of the southern third of Doubs spoke a dialect of the Arpitan language. Both languages co-existed with French, the official language of law and commerce, and continued to be spoken frequently in rural areas into the 20th century. They are both still spoken today but not on a daily basis.
Doubs was important as a portal to
Switzerlandthrough the pass at Joux. Many famous people, including Mirabeau, Toussaint Louvertureand Heinrich von Kleist, were imprisoned in the Château de Joux.
Doubs is one of the original 83 departments created during the
French Revolutionon March 4, 1790. It was created from part of the former province of Franche-Comté. The prefecture (capital) is Besançon.
In 1793, the republic of
Mandeurewas added to the department, and in 1816 the principality of Montbéliard. Victor Hugo, Gustave Courbet, and Auguste and Louis Lumièreare among the famous people born in Doubs.
The department is dominated by the
Jura mountains, which rise east of Besançon.
The inhabitants of the department are called "Doubistes".
The castles at Joux and
Besançonare important tourist destinations.
Cantons of the Doubs department
Communes of the Doubs department
Arrondissements of the Doubs department
* [http://www.doubs.pref.gouv.fr/ Prefecture website]
* [http://www.cg25.fr/ General council website]
* [http://www.france-voyage.com/travel-guide/doubs.htm Doubs Tourism Guide]
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