Infobox River | river_name = Sambre
caption = The Sambre in the centre of Namur.
mouth = Meuse
length = 193 km
elevation = 199 m
watershed = 2,740 km²The Sambre is a
riverin northern Franceand southern Belgium, left tributary of the Meuse River. The ancient Romans called the river "Sabis".
The source of the Sambre is near
Le Nouvion-en-Thiérache, in the Aisnedepartment. It passes through the Franco-Belgian coal basin, formerly an important industrial district. Its Belgian portion was at the western end of the sillon industriel, which was Wallonia's industrial backbone.It is canalized along much of its length and flows into the Meuse Riverat Namur, Belgium. The Sambre is connected with the Oise Riverby the Sambre-Oise Canal.
The Sambre flows through the following
departments of France, provinces of Belgiumand towns:
*The mother of
Rene Magritte, a famous surrealismpainter killed herself by drowning in this river.
The nineteenth-century theory that the Sambre was the location of
Julius Caesar's battle against a Belgic confederation(57 BC), has been discarded long time ago, [Pierre Turquin ("La Bataille de la Selle (du Sabis) en l' An 57 avant J.-C." in Les Études Classiques 23/2 (1955), 113-156) has proved beyond reasonable doubt that the battle was fought at the River Selle, west of modern Saulzoir.] but is still repeated.
Heavy fighting occurred along the river during
World War I, especially at the siege of Namur in 1914 ( Battle of Charleroi) and in the last month of the war ( Battle of the Sambre (1918)).
* [http://sandre.eaufrance.fr/app/chainage/courdo/htm/D0--022-.php?cg=D0--022- The Sambre at the Sandre database]
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