A self-voicing application is an application that provides an aural interface without requiring a separate
screen reader. Self-voicing applications can be an important form of assistive technology, useful to those who have difficulty reading or seeing.
A prominent group of self-voicing applications are talking web browsers. Traditionally, talking web browsers have been specially created, as was the case with:
* [http://www.soundlinks.com/pwgen.htm pwWebSpeak] , originally developed by The Productivity Works in Princeton, New Jersey (now obsolete)
* [http://www.econointl.com/sw/ Simply Web] (also now obsolete)
* Home Page Reader (HPR) from IBM (recently discontinued)
* Connect Outloud from
A more recent trend has seen the self-voicing capabilities added to mainstream web browsers with free add-ons. In 2004
Opera Softwarecreated a self-voicing and speech-recognition extension for the Windows version of their web browser [ [http://www.opera.com/pressreleases/en/2004/03/23/ Opera Sings with IBM's Speech Technology: New version of Opera Embeds ViaVoice from IBM] (Opera press release, 23 March 2004). Accessed 2007-02-03.] . And in 2005 Charles L. Chen devised Fire Vox, an extension that adds speech capabilities to the Mozilla Firefoxweb browser on Mac, Windows, or Linux. [Charles L. Chen, [http://www.firevox.clcworld.net/about.html About Fire Vox] . Accessed 2007-02-03.]
A second important category are broader self-voicing applications that function as what T. V. Raman calls "complete audio desktops" [T. V. Raman, [http://emacspeak.sourceforge.net/ Emacspeak - The Complete Audio Desktop] . Accessed 2007-02-03.] , including editing, browsing, and even gaming capabilities. These include his own
Emacspeakenhancement for Emacsand Karl Dahlke's [http://edbrowse.sourceforge.net/ Edbrowse] .
* [http://www.rnib.org.uk/xpedio/groups/public/documents/publicwebsite/public_specbrowsers.hcsp RNIB: Talking and Text-only Web Browsers]
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