A self-voicing application is an application that provides an aural interface without requiring a separate screen reader. Self-voicing applications can be an important form of assistive technology, useful to those who have difficulty reading or seeing.

A prominent group of self-voicing applications are talking web browsers. Traditionally, talking web browsers have been specially created, as was the case with:

* [ pwWebSpeak] , originally developed by The Productivity Works in Princeton, New Jersey (now obsolete)
* [ Simply Web] (also now obsolete)
* Home Page Reader (HPR) from IBM (recently discontinued)
* Connect Outloud from Freedom Scientific

A more recent trend has seen the self-voicing capabilities added to mainstream web browsers with free add-ons. In 2004 Opera Software created a self-voicing and speech-recognition extension for the Windows version of their web browser [ [ Opera Sings with IBM's Speech Technology: New version of Opera Embeds ViaVoice from IBM] (Opera press release, 23 March 2004). Accessed 2007-02-03.] . And in 2005 Charles L. Chen devised Fire Vox, an extension that adds speech capabilities to the Mozilla Firefox web browser on Mac, Windows, or Linux. [Charles L. Chen, [ About Fire Vox] . Accessed 2007-02-03.]

A second important category are broader self-voicing applications that function as what T. V. Raman calls "complete audio desktops" [T. V. Raman, [ Emacspeak - The Complete Audio Desktop] . Accessed 2007-02-03.] , including editing, browsing, and even gaming capabilities. These include his own Emacspeak enhancement for Emacs and Karl Dahlke's [ Edbrowse] .


External links

* [ RNIB: Talking and Text-only Web Browsers]

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