Paray-le-Monial

Paray-le-Monial

French commune
nomcommune=Paray-le-Monial
of the "Sacré-Coeur" church

région=Bourgogne
département=Saône-et-Loire
arrondissement=Charolles
canton=Paray-le-Monial
insee=71342
cp=71600
maire=Jean-Marc Nesme
mandat=2001-2008
intercomm=Communauté de communes de Paray-le-Monial
longitude= 04.1202778
latitude= 46.451944
alt moy= 245 m
alt mini= 234 m
alt maxi= 304 m
hectares= 2,520
km²= 25.20
sans=9,191
date-sans=1999
dens= 365
date-dens=1999

Paray-le-Monial is a town and commune of central France, in the region of Burgundy, in the Saône-et-Loire "département".

ights

The town is mainly known for its Romanesque church "Sacré-Coeur" and as a place of pilgrimage.

The Hôtel de Ville, in Renaissance style, the façade of which is adorned with a large statue of the Blessed Virgin, is also one of the historical monuments.

History

Paray ("Paredum"; "Parodium") existed before the monks who gave it its surname of "Le Monial", for when Count Lambert of Chalon, together with his wife Adelaide and his friend Mayeul de Cluny, founded there in 973 the celebrated Benedictine priory, the borough had already been constituted, with its ædiles and communal privileges. At that time an ancient temple was dedicated to the Mother of God (Charter of Paray). The Cluny monks were, 999-1789, lords of the town.

Religious history

Protestantism made many proselytes here, but in 1618 the Jesuits were summoned, and after a century there remained only a few Protestant families, who have long since disappeared. In order to complete the work, Père Paul de Barry, the author of "Pensez-y-bien", in 1678 brought thither the Visitandines.

Paray-le-Monial has become a much-frequented place of pilgrimage since 1873, as many as 100,000 pilgrims arriving yearly from all parts of Europe and America. The most venerated spot is the Chapel of the Visitation, where most of the apparitions to Blessed Margaret Mary Alacoque took place. Next comes the Basilica of the Sacred Heart, in charge of secular chaplains, formerly the church of the monks, which is one of the most beautiful monuments of Cluniac architecture (10th or 11th century).

Pilgrimage is also made to the Hieron or temple-palace, erected by a layman in honour of the Eucharistic King, where there is a very curious collection of pictures and objects of art bearing on the Holy Eucharist. Despite the difficulties of the present religious situation in France [as of 1911] , Paray still possesses a number of communities or monasteries which justify its surname. Moreover, with this town are connected the associations the object of which is the cult of the Sacred Heart, such as the Apostleship of Prayer, the Archconfraternity of the Holy Hour (estatlished at Paray itself in 1829 by Père Robert Debrosse), and the Communion of Reparation, organized in 1854 by Père Victor Drevon. The latter maintains its headquarters at Paray.

Pope Leo XIII said in his Brief of Coronation of Notre Dame de Romay (25 July, 1896), "Cœ;lo gratissimum oppidum", "a town very dear to heaven".

Economy

The area's primary industry is agriculture in particular dairy farming.

Miscellaneous

Births

Paray-le-Monial was the birthplace of:
* Jacqueline Maillan (1923-1992), actress

Twin towns

* Bad Dürkheim, Germany
* Bethleem, West Bank - since 2003
* Payerne, Switzerland
* Wells, United Kingdom

External links and references

* [http://www.sanctuaires-paray.com/index.php?lang=en Sanctuaries of Paray-le-Monial official website]
*


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно решить контрольную?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Paray-le-monial — Basilique du Sacré Cœur …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Paray le Monial — Basilique du Sacré Cœur …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Paray le monial — Basilique du Sacré Cœur …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Paray-le-Monial — Paray le Monial …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Paray-le-Monial — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Paray le Monial Escudo …   Wikipedia Español

  • Paray-le-Monial — • A town in France Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Paray Le Monial     Paray le Monial     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Paray le Monial — (spr. Paräh l M), Stadt an der Bourbince im Arrondissement Charolles des französischen Departements Saône Loire; Hospital, Kornhandel; 3000 Ew …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Paray-le-Monial — (spr. rā lö monnjáll), Stadt im franz. Depart. Saône et Loire, Arrond. Charolles, 235 m ü. M., an der Bourbince und am Canal du Centre, Knotenpunkt der Lyoner Bahn, hat eine schöne romanische Kirche (12. Jahrh.), Reste des ehemaligen… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Paray-le-Monial — Paray le Monĭal (spr. räh), Stadt im franz. Dep. Saône et Loire, an der Bourbince, (1901) 4362 E., Nonnenkloster (wo Marie Alacoque lebte), Wallfahrtsort …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Paray-le-Monial —   [parɛlmɔ njal], Gemeinde im Département Saône et Loire, Frankreich, am Nordrand des Zentralmassivs, 9 800 Einwohner; Wallfahrtsort; jährliche Messe mit Viehmarkt; keramische und Textilindustrie; Flugplatz.   Stadt …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Paray-le-Monial — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Paray. 46° 27′ 09″ N 4° 07′ 14″ E …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”