In Greek mythology, Cedalion or Kedalion was a servant of Hephaestus in Lemnos. According to one tradition, he was Hephaestus's tutor, with whom Hera fostered her son on Naxos to teach him smithcraft. [Eustathius of Thessalonica, first note on Ξ, 294; Kerenyi, "Gods of the Greeks", p. 156 says it is also supported by Servius on Aeneid 10.763; there are several variant texts of Servius.] Kerenyi compares him to the Cabeiri, to Chiron, and to Prometheus. [Kerenyi, "The Gods of the Greeks" 1951:156, 177, 283.]

The more common story of Cedalion tells of his part in the healing of Orion, who came to Lemnos after he was blinded by Oenopion. Orion took up Cedalion [Fragment of Hesiod's "Astronomy" quoted in Pseudo-Eratosthenes' "Catasterismi"; Pseudo-Apollodorus, "Bibliotheke" 1.25.] and set the youth upon his shoulders [Lucian of Samosata, "de Domo" 28.] for a guide to the East. [Traditions vary whether this was an arduous journey, or whether Orion simply had to face the dawn, personified as Eos.] There the rays of Helios restored Orion's sight.

Sophocles wrote a satyr play "Cedalion", of which a few words survive. Its plot is uncertain, whether the blinding of Orion by Oenopion and the satyrs on Chios, probably with Cedalion offstage and prophesied, or the recovery of Orion's sight on Lemnos. It has also been suggested that the subject may be Hephaestus's fostering; or the instructions given to the blinded Orion by satyrs in Cedalion's service. One of the surviving lines suggests extreme drunkenness; Burkert reads this fragment as from a chorus of Cabeiri. ["Fragments of Sophocles", ed. Pearson, (1917) II, 9; for the fostering, he cites Ahrens, for the satyrs, Wilamowitz "GGN" [="Nachrichten der Königlichen Gesellschaft der Wissenschaften zu Göttingen" Philological-historical section] 1895:237, which is "Hephaistos" in Wilamowitz's "Kleine Schiften" V.2 pp.5-35; but Pearson finds both doubtful. The reconstruction of the plot, including the doubt, is from Pearson. Cf. the "Suda", under "Sophocles"; Walter Burkert, "Greek Religion", 1985:281 "the Kabeiroi and Samothrace".]

One traditional etymology is from "kēdeuein" "to take charge, to care for", and early nineteenth century scholars agreed. [ Robert Brown, "The Great Dionysiak Myth" vol. 2 (1878, reprinted 2004) p. 277, citing Eustathius' commentary upon "Iliad" xiv.294, and referring to Welcker and Müller.] Scholars since Wilamowitz, however, support the other traditional interpretation, as "phallos", from a different sense of the same verb: "to marry" (said of the groom). ["Fragments of Sophocles", ed. Pearson, (1917) II, 9; citing Hesychius on "Kedalion"; Kerényi 1951:156; "LSJ", under "kēdeuō".]

Wilamowitz speculates [Wilamowitz, "Hephaistos", p. 33 "KS".] that Cedalion is the dwarf in the Louvre relief showing Dionysius in Hephaestus' workplace.


External links

* [http://www.theoi.com/Georgikos/Kedalion.html Theoi.com:Cedalion]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cedalión — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda En la mitología griega, Cedalión (en griego antiguo Κηδαλιων) de Hefesto en Lemnos. De acuerdo con una tradición, fue el tutor de Hefesto, a quien su madre Hera confió en la isla de Naxos para que le enseñase el arte …   Wikipedia Español

  • Cédalion — perché sur les épaules d Orion, détail d Orion aveugle cherchant le soleil de Nicolas Poussin, 1658 Dans la mythologie grecque, Cédalion (en grec ancien Κηδαλίων / Kêdalíôn) est un forgeron qui aurait enseigné l art de travailler l …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Cedalion — Cédalion Dans la mythologie grecque, Cédalion (en grec ancien Κηδαλίων / Kêdalíôn) est un forgeron qui aurait enseigné l art de travailler les métaux à Héphaïstos. Il aida Orion à retrouver la vue en le guidant, placé sur les épaules de ce… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Cedalion — CEDALION, ónis, Vulcans Bedienter, welchen dieser dem Orion zum Führer zugab, als ihm Oenopion die Augen ausstechen lassen. Nat. Com. lib. IX. c. 12 …   Gründliches mythologisches Lexikon

  • Cedalión — En la mitología griega Cedalión (en griego Κηδαλιων) era un ayudante de Hefesto que trabajaba en su forja de la isla de Lemnos. Hasta allí llegó el gigante Orión tras haber sido cegado por Enopión como castigo por violar a una de sus hijas.… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Orion (mythology) — For other uses, see Orion (disambiguation). Not to be confused with Arion. An engraving of Orion from Johann Bayer s Uranometria, 1603 (US Naval Observatory Library) Orion (Greek: Ὠρίων …   Wikipedia

  • Orión (mitología) — Para otros usos de este término, véase Orión. Grabado de la constelación de Orión de la Uranometria de Johann Bayer, (1603). Biblioteca del Observatorio Naval de los Estados Unidos. Orión (griego antiguo: Ὠρίων o Ωαρίων; latín: Orión o más rar …   Wikipedia Español

  • Oenopion — Dionysus teaching the art of wine drinking to Oenopion, on an Attic black figured amphora from Vulci (ca. 540 530 BC) by Exekias In Greek mythology, Oenopion (Ancient Greek: Οἰνοπίων, Oinopion, English translation: wine drinker , wi …   Wikipedia

  • Felix Faber — Eingeklebte Miniatur des Sinai in Hartmann Schedels Abschrift des Evagatoriums 1509 Felix Fabri, deutsch: Schmid, oft fälschlich: Faber (* um 1437/38 in Zürich; † wohl 14. März 1502 in Ulm) war ein Dominikanermönch und Schriftsteller, der vor… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Enopión — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda En la mitología griega Enopión (en griego antiguo Οἰνοπίων, ‘bebedor de vino’ o ‘con cara de vino’), hijo de Dioniso y Ariadna, fue un legendario rey de Quíos, de quien se decía que introdujo la elaboración de vino… …   Wikipedia Español

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”