Fall River Line

Fall River Line

The Fall River Line was a combination steamboat and railroad connection between New York City and Boston that operated between 1847 and 1937. It consisted of a railroad journey between Boston and Fall River, Massachusetts, where passengers would then board steamboats for the journey through Narragansett Bay and Long Island Sound to the line's own Hudson River dock in Manhattan. For many years, it was the preferred route to take for travel between the two major cities. The line was extremely popular, and its steamboats were some of the most advanced and luxurious of their day.

Origins

The origins of the Fall River Line can be traced back to Colonel Richard Borden, a businessman from Fall River who had established his fortune in the iron and textile industries. He had operated steamboats between Fall River and Providence, Rhode Island as early as 1827. In 1846 Richard Borden completed the Fall River Railroad, which enabled a land route between Fall River and other cities such as Taunton, New Bedford, Providence and Boston. A direct rail line to South Braintree would also be added.

Observing the success of the steamboat line which ran between New York and Stonington, Connecticut, Richard Borden began regular steamboat service between New York City and Fall River in 1847, establishing the Bay State Steamboat Company, with its first steamer, the "Bay State". The following year, the "Empire State" was launched. The Fall River Line had been an immediate success. By 1850, it had paid six percent dividends per month, for ten consecutive months. In 1854, the "Metropolis" was added. [ [http://books.google.com/books?id=uauYBOCKCS0C&pg=PA374-IA1&source=gbs_selected_pages&cad=0_1#PPA376,M1 Richard Borden bio., History of Bristol County, Massachusetts] ]

In 1863 the line was sold to the Boston, Newport and New York Steamboat Company, and the railroad was extended between Fall River and Newport, Rhode Island. For a short period after this, the rail connection was made at Newport, for the trip to Boston. During this period, the new steamers the "Old Colony" and the "Newport" were added to the fleet. This was also a time of increased competition from other steamboat lines to New York City, including the Neptune Line to Providence as well as the Stonington Line. For a short time, Bristol, Rhode Island was also used as the ending point of the boat journey from New York.

In 1867, two new steamers, the Bristol and the Providence would be introduced. Jim Fisk would become president of the company, and would declare himself "admiral". [ [http://www.sailsinc.org/Durfee/phillips2-19.pdf Philips History of Fall River pg.178] ] In 1869, Fisk would return the line's terminus to Fall River, where it would remain until the line's demise in 1937, although there were several winters where the connection through Narragansett Bay was not possible due to ice, so Newport was used instead. [ [http://www.sailsinc.org/Durfee/fallriverlinebegan.pdf Fall River News article, 1978] ]

Maturity

In 1872 the Fall River Line was completely reorganized and became part of the Old Colony Railroad, under the name Old Colony Steamboat Company.

In 1883, the "Pilgrim" was launched. She was the first modern liner of the fleet, and featured a double-hull for increased safety, was 370 feet long and had sleeping quarters for 1,200 passengers. The "Pilgrim" could make the 176 mile trip between Fall River and New York in about 8.5 hours.

The "Puritan" was added in 1889, and would serve the line until 1908 when the "Commonwealth" was introduced.

In 1894, the Fall River Line launched the "Priscilla", which at the time, was the largest side-wheeler afloat, capable of accommodating 1,500 passengers. [http://www.sailsinc.org/Durfee/phillips2-19.pdf Philips History of Fall River, p 181] ]

Maritime historian, Roger Williams McAdam referenced the ships as "floating palaces." The interiors of the vessels were extremely ornate and luxurious. Introduced in 1908, the "Commonwealth", was the largest of the fleet, at 455 feet in length. She provided 425 staterooms for passenengers and boasted a grand staircase, a dining saloon, writing room, and a dance floor.

During its history, the Fall River Line was travelled by several Presidents including Grant, Harrison, Cleveland and both Roosevelts, as well as dignitaries, such as the Vanderbilts, Astors, Belmonts and Rockefellers. One Boston editor claimed "If you went on a trip to New York and didn't travel the Fall River Line, you simply didn't go at all"

Although much of high society traveled with the Fall River Line, the middle class were also able to experience the gilded age of travel that the line had to offer.

Decline

In 1889, the Thames River railroad drawbridge opened at New London, Connecticut, enabling direct, through rail service between Boston and New York City for the first time, marking the first serious threat to the existence of the Line.

The affordability of the railroad and the onset of the mainstream automobile, as well as the creation of the Cape Cod Canal were also factors that the Fall River Line could not grow to withstand. After 1937, the Fall River Line was no more. The remaining vessels fetched only 88,000 dollars when put up for sale. They were towed to Baltimore and were scrapped.

Legacy

Today, the Fall River Marine Museum has numerous artifacts and exhibits on the history of the Fall River Line.

ee also

*Colonel Richard Borden
*Jim Fisk
*Fall River, Massachusetts

References

External Links

* [http://www.americanheritage.com/articles/magazine/ah/1954/1/1954_1_6.shtml The Old Fall River Line, 1954 article]
* [http://xroads.virginia.edu/~MA01/davis/newport/leisure/fallriverline.html The Fall River Line and Other Steamers]
* [http://freepages.military.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~cacunithistories/SS%20Plymouth.html Fall River Line Night Boats]
* [http://www.sailsinc.org/Durfee/fallriverlinebegan.pdf Herald News Article, June 10, 1975]


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