MG 15 machine gun

MG 15 machine gun

Infobox Weapon
name= MG 15 machine gun

caption= MG 15 in left beam mounting inside a Ju 52, and above it storage brackets for 12 MG 15 magazines, with one magazine mounted.
origin=flagcountry|Nazi Germany
type= GPMG
used_by= Germany
wars= WW2
designer= Theodor Bergmann
manufacturer= WW1 Bergmann, Third Reich Rheinmetall
variants= Modular design
weight= 12.4 kg loaded with gunsight and cartridge bag
length= 1078 mm (without attachments)
part_length= 600 mm
cartridge=7.92x57mm Mauser
action= Recoil
rate= 1,000 - 1,050 rpm
velocity= 755 m/s (2,476.4 ft/s)
feed= Sprung magazine
sights= Various types

The MG 15 was a 7.92 mm (0.31 in) machine gun designed specifically as a hand manipulated defensive gun for combat aircraft during the early 1930's. By 1941 it was replaced by other types and found new uses with ground troops.


Developed from the MG 30 which was designed by Rheinmetall using the locking system invented by Louis Stange in the mid to late 20's. Though it shares the MG15 designation with the earlier gun built by Bergmann, the MG15nA (neuer Art meaning new model having been modified from an earlier design) has nothing in common with the WWII gun except the model number. The WWI gun used a tipping lock system while the WWII aircraft gun uses a rotating bolt/lockring. The WWII MG15 was used in nearly all Luftwaffe aircraft with a flexible-mount defensive position.

It was a modular design with various attachments that could be quickly attached or removed. Operation was easy and the bolt remained in the cocked position after expending the 75 round double drum (also called a "saddle drum") magazine, negating the need to re-cock once a fresh magazine was installed.

The MG15 fires from an open bolt meaning that the bolt stays back when the gun is ready to fire. Pulling the trigger releases the bolt and allows it to go forward, stripping a round from the magazine. The bolt continues pushing the round into the chamber and locks up when the lockring rotates and locks the bolt and barrel extension together. At this point the trip lever releases the firing pin and the gun fires. Recoil pushes the barrel,lock and bolt backwards until the lockring hits a cam that rotates it unlocking the bolt and barrel. Inertia carries the bolt backwards until the base of the fired case hits the ejector flinging the empty out of the receiver. If the trigger is held down the cycle will continue. If the trigger is released the bolt will remain in the rearward position.

The 75 rounds of ammunition was evenly distributed in each side of the magazine with a central feed "tower" where the ammunition is fed to the bolt. Various methods where used to secure the magazines in the aircraft, while a carrier of 3 mags each where used on ground. The drums were preloaded prior to takeoff so that the gunner did not waste time loading (however reloading could be done as quickly as 6 seconds). Ammunition was fed by a spring forced spiral double-drum containing 75 rounds total (not 150 as is often mistaken). This combined with a firing rate of 1000+ rpm means it could empty the magazine in 4.5 seconds or less. Typical practice was to provide at least 10 reloads for each gun on the aircraft, not including the magazine on the gun.

Starting in late 1940 the MG 15 was replaced by the Mauser 7.92 mm MG 81, MG 81Z (twin-MG 81), MG 131 13 mm machine guns, or MG 151/20 20 mm cannons. Many MG 15s were modified for infantry use as heavier weapons replaced them on Luftwaffe aircraft. There were also some watercooled ground versions of the gun made in one of the Balkan countries though little is known of the history of these. There are a number of pictures showing the guns, both aircraft and ground versions, with 25rd magazines from the MG13 but the magazines don't actually work with the MG15. Apparently some advertising exec figured a good way to sell parts kits without including the expensive double drums. Official numbers of conversions was about 17,648 by January 1, 1944, although additional conversions may have been done as well.

The MG 15 was used in the Japanese aircraft as the Type 98 flexible-mounted machine gun.


*Calibre: 7.92 +/- .04 mm
*Cartridge: 7.92x57 mm Mauser
*Round weight: 35.5 grams (cartridge 24 grams, bullet 11.5 grams)
*Muzzle velocity: 755 m/s
*Rate of fire: 1000 (possibly up to 1050) rpm

*Length : 1078 mm (without attachments)
*Barrel length: 600 mm

*Weight unloaded with gunsight and cartridge bag: 8.1 kg
*Weight loaded with gunsight and cartridge bag: 12.4 kg
*75 round Magazine unloaded: 2.27 kg
*75 round Magazine loaded: 4.24 kg
*Weight of the 2-part loader: 0.72 kg


* [ 15 with bipod and shoulder butt attachment]
* [ 15 with water cooled barrel and 25 round magazine]
* [ 15 75 round magazine closeup]

MG 15 in the media

In "" in the scene set in Mos Eisley you will see an Imperial Stormtrooper carrying an MG 15.

Due to its existence in the movie, it has also been [ listed in a popular SW game] .


*L.Dv 110 Beschreibung und Bedienungsvorschrift für das M.G. 15, Manual for using MG 15 owned by contributor (may not be correct German spelling)
* [ Luftwaffe Experts Message Board topic on MG 15]
* [ Seller of MG 15 parts, many detailed images, excellent reference]
* [ Panzerfaust WW II German Infantry Anti-Tank Weapons Page 5: Machine Guns] .
* [ MG 15 in private collection, forum site]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем сделать НИР

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Machine Gun Kelly (rapper) — Machine Gun Kelly Birth name Colson Baker Born April 22, 1990 (21) Origin Cleveland, Ohio Genres Hip hop Occupations …   Wikipedia

  • Machine Gun — «Machine Gun» Canción de Jimi Hendrix Álbum Band of Gypsys Publicación 25 de Marzo de 1970 Grabación …   Wikipedia Español

  • Machine gun — Gun Gun (g[u^]n), n. [OE. gonne, gunne; of uncertain origin; cf. Ir., Gael., & LL. gunna, W. gum; possibly (like cannon) fr. L. canna reed, tube; or abbreviated fr. OF. mangonnel, E. mangonel, a machine for hurling stones.] 1. A weapon which… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Machine Gun Preacher — Données clés Réalisation Marc Forster Acteurs principaux Gerard Butler Michelle Monaghan Michael Shannon Pays d’origine …   Wikipédia en Français

  • machine gun — machine guns also machine gun N COUNT A machine gun is a gun which fires a lot of bullets one after the other very quickly. → See also sub machine gun The two sides joined battle once again using artillery, mortars and heavy machine guns. ...a… …   English dictionary

  • Machine Gun — Chanson par Jimi Hendrix extrait de l’album Band of Gypsys Sortie 25 mars 1970 Durée 12:36 Genre Rock, blues rock, rock psychédélique, acid rock …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Machine gun — Machine Ma*chine (m[.a]*sh[=e]n ), n. [F., fr. L. machina machine, engine, device, trick, Gr. ?, from ? means, expedient. Cf. {Mechanic}.] 1. In general, any combination of bodies so connected that their relative motions are constrained, and by… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Machine Gun (band) — Machine Gun was an improvising band formed in New York City in 1986. Its members were: Robert Musso: guitars, Thomas Chapin: reeds and flute, John Richey: vocals, cut ups, tapes, tv, Bil Bryant: drums, Jair Rohm Parker Wells: basses. Karl Berger… …   Wikipedia

  • Machine Gun Kelly — (r.) George F. Barnes jr., auch bekannt als George „Machine Gun“ Kelly Barnes (* 18. Juli 1895 in Chicago; † 18. Juli 1954 in Leavenworth, Kansas) war ein US amerikanischer Krimineller der Prohibitionszeit …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • machine-gun — (n.) 1870, from MACHINE (Cf. machine) (n.) + GUN (Cf. gun) (n.). As a verb from 1915. Related: Machine gunned; machine gunning …   Etymology dictionary

  • machine gun — ☆ machine gun n. an automatic gun, usually mounted and with a cooling apparatus, firing a rapid and continuous stream of bullets machine gun vt. machine gunned, machine gunning …   English World dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”