Pelias

Pelias

Pelias was king of Iolcus in Greek mythology, the son of Tyro, daughter of Aleus, and of either Poseidon or Cretheus. His wife is recorded as either Anaxibia, daughter of Bias, or Phylomache, daughter of Amphion. He was the father of Acastus, Pisidice, Alcestis, Pelopia, Hippothoe, Asteropia, Antinoe, and Medusa. [ [http://www.maicar.com/GML/Pelias1.html Greek Mythology Link (Carlos Parada) - Pelias 1] ]

Tyro was married to Cretheus (with whom she had one son, Aeson) but loved Enipeus, a river god. She pursued Enipeus, who refused her advances. One day, Poseidon, filled with lust for Tyro, disguised himself as Enipeus and from their union was born Pelias and Neleus, twin boys. Tyro exposed her sons on a mountain and they were raised by a maid. When they reached adulthood, Pelias and Neleus found Tyro and killed her stepmother, Sidero, for having mistreated her. Sidero hid in a temple to Hera but Pelias killed her anyway, causing Hera's undying hatred of Pelias. Pelias was power-hungry and he wished to gain dominion over all of Thessaly. To this end, he banished Neleus and Pheres, and locked Aeson in the dungeons in Iolcus. While in there, Aeson married and had several children, most famously, Jason. Aeson sent Jason to Chiron the centaur, on Mount Pelium, to be educated while Pelias, paranoid that he would be overthrown, was warned by an oracle to beware a man wearing one sandal.

Many years later, Pelias was holding the Olympics in honor of Poseidon when Jason, rushing to Iolcus (by the modern city of Volos), lost one of his sandals in the flooded river Anaurus, while helping someone cross. In Virgil's Aeneid, Hera had diguised herself as an old woman, whom Jason helped across the river and then lost his sandal. When Jason entered Iolcus, he was announced as a man wearing one sandal. Paranoid, Pelias asked him what he (Jason) would do if confronted with the man who would be his downfall. Jason responded that he would send that man after the Golden Fleece. Pelias took that advice and sent Jason to retrieve the Golden Fleece.

During Jason's absence, Pelias thought the Argo had sunk, and this was what he told Aeson and Promachus, who committed suicide by drinking poison or were both killed directly by Pelias. While Jason searched for the Golden Fleece, Hera, who was still angry at Pelias, conspired to make him fall in love with Medea, whom she hoped would kill Pelias. When Jason and Medea returned, Pelias still refused to give up his throne. Medea conspired to have Pelias' own daughters "(Peliades)" kill him. She told them she could turn an old ram into a young ram by cutting up the old ram and boiling it. During the demonstration, a live, young ram jumped out of the pot. Excited, the girls cut their father into pieces and threw them in a pot. Pelias did not survive. Pelias' son Acastus later drove Jason and Medea to Corinth and so reclaimed the kingdom.

Other uses

Pelias is the name of a fictional sorcerer who appears in some of the "Conan the Barbarian" fantasy adventure stories of American author Robert E. Howard, where he assists the titular hero with his various quests. Inspired by this, a character of the same name also appears in the computer game NetHack, if a player of the game chooses to portray a barbarian. The name of a certain Fire Emblem prince, which has thus far been romanized as "Pelleas", may also be derived from "Pelias".

References


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pelias — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Pelias y Jasón. En la mitología griega, Pelias era hijo de Tiro y Poseidón y hermano gemelo de Neleo. Tiro estaba casada con Creteos (con quién tuvo …   Wikipedia Español

  • Pelias — PELIAS, æ, Gr. Πελίας, ου, (⇒ Tab. XXV.) 1 §. Namen. Diesen bekam er von einem blauen Flecke, welchen ihm in seiner ersten Kindheit ein Pferd ins Gesicht trat. Apollod. l. I. c. 9. §. 8. Er heißt nach demselben also lateinisch so viel, als Livius …   Gründliches mythologisches Lexikon

  • Pelias — Pélias Jason apportant à Pélias la Toison d or, cratère apulien à figures rouges du Peintre des Enfers, 340–330 av. J. C., musée du Louvre Dans la mythologie grecque, Pélias (en grec ancien …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pelias — [pē′lē əs, pel′ēəs] n. 〚L < Gr〛 Gr. Myth. a king of Thessaly and the uncle and guardian of Jason, whom he sends in search of the Golden Fleece * * * ▪ Greek mythology       in Greek mythology, a king of Iolcus in Thessaly who imposed on his half… …   Universalium

  • Pelias — {{Pelias}} Sohn Poseidons* von Tyro*, Bruder des Neleus* und Halbbruder des Aison*; nach deren Verdrängung alleiniger Herrscher in Iolkos. Da ihm ein Orakelspruch den Iason** verdächtig macht, sucht er diesen zu vernichten, indem er ihn… …   Who's who in der antiken Mythologie

  • Pélias — dans la myth. gr., roi d Iolcos (Thessalie), fils de Poséidon. Médée conseilla à ses filles (les Péliades) de le dépecer et de le jeter dans un chaudron d eau bouillante pour qu il retrouve la jeunesse: Pélias périt …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Pelias — Pelias,   griechisch Pelịas, griechischer Mythos: Sohn des Poseidon und der Tyro, der mit seinem Zwillingsbruder Neleus ausgesetzt, von einer Stute gesäugt und von Hirten aufgezogen wurde. Später verdrängte er seinen Halbbruder Aison aus der… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Pelias — Pelias, Gattung der Vipern …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Pelĭas — Pelĭas, Sohn des Kretheus od. Poseidon u. der Tyro. P. mit seinem Bruder Neleus von Tyro ausgesetzt, wurde von einem Pferdehirten erzogen. Nach dem Tode seines Vaters vertrieb er seinen Bruder Neleus u. entfernte seinen Halbbruder Ason, welchem… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Pelĭas [1] — Pelĭas, die Kreuzotter …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

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