- Petko Voyvoda
Petko Kiryakov Kaloyanov ( _bg. Петко Киряков Калоянов), better known as Captain Petko Voyvoda (Капитан Петко Войвода) (
6 December 1844– 7 February 1900) was a 19th-century Bulgarian hajdukleader and revolutionary who dedicated his life to the liberation of Bulgaria(and particularly the region of Thrace).
Born in the Bulgarian village of Dogan Hisar, today Esimi in
Aegean Thrace, today Evros Prefecture, Greece, Petko took part in an uprising on Cretein 1866–1869 and visited Italyin 1866, meeting Giuseppe Garibaldiand staying in his home. The two organized the well-known Garibaldi Battalion, consisting of 220 Italiansand 67 Bulgarians, which fought the Ottomans on Crete.
Petko Voyvoda's detachment, established in 1869, took part in the
Russo-Turkish War of 1877-78. His detachment took part in the liberation of the Rhodopestogether with that of Kraycho Voyvoda. Petko lived in Varnaafter 1880, dying in the city in 1900.
His revolutionary work has been commemorated with numerous monuments all around Bulgaria, as well as in his native village in modern Greece and on the hill of
Gianicoloin Rome, where a monument of Garibaldi also stands. The TV series"Kapitan Petko Voyvoda" written by Nikolay Haytovand first aired in 1974 also popularized him as a national hero. Petko Voyvoda Peakon Livingston Islandin the South Shetland Islands, Antarcticawas also named in his honour.
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