- Fox Bay
Fox Bay (Spanish: "Bahia Fox" or "Bahia Zorro" [http://www.pcgn.org.uk/Falkland%20Islands-July2006.pdf] ) is the second largest settlement on
West Falklandin the Falkland Islands. It is located on a bay of the same name, and is on the south east coast of the island. It is often divided into Fox Bay East ("FBE") and Fox Bay West ("FBW") making it two settlements, combined, these make the largest settlement on West Falkland, but when separated, Port Howardis the largest. It takes its name, like the Warrah River, from the extinct Falkland Islands Fox
Fox Bay East's houses are scattered around a common. There is a school, a shop, and a post office which was founded in the 1890s. There is also a social club, and a refuelling base for
Fox Bay has two airstrips for use by
Fox Bay West was once as large as FBE, but since the farm was subdivided and sold off in 1985 the number of residents has diminished. Up until the 1990s, the track between the two settlements was "so bad that [it was] often impassable in the winter months." Wigglesworth, Angela. (1992) "Falkland People". Pub. Peter Owen. ISBN 0-7206-0850-3] , but an all weather track was built in the early 1990s improving communications between the two settements. This was one of the first roads in the now extensive West Roads scheme.
Louis Baillon, the Olympic field hockey player was born in Fox Bay on 5 August 1881.
Fox Bay East Settlement was bought by the Falklands government from Packe Brothers in 1983, not long after the
Falklands War.Wigglesworth, Angela. (1992) "Falkland People". Pub. Peter Owen. ISBN 0-7206-0850-3.] The rest of the farm was divided into three and sold privately, with the owners buying houses in the settlement.
From the 1880s until 1972, Darwin and Fox Bay had their own separate medical officers. Nowadays, most medical care is based in Stanley.
Fox Bay West was subdivided and sold by the
Businesses here have included a market garden, a fish farm (salmon) and a knitting mill, with "Warrah Knitwear".
During the Falklands War, Fox Bay was occupied by Argentine troops, around 900 men from 8th Motorised Infantry Regiment and elements 9th Engineer Company. Several minefields where sowed around both settlements by the troops and these still remain. It was strafed and bombed by British Harrier aircraft and bombarded by the Royal Navy several times during the war. Although Argentine casualties in these attacks where low, the first Harrier attack damaged the
ARA Bahía Buen Sucesowhich was moored at Fox Bay East. The vessel remained at Fox Bay until the end of the war.
On 27 April, 14 people from Stanley whom the Argentines considered "undesirable" were sent to Fox Bay and placed under house arrest for the duration of the Argentine occupation, some of whom were members of the
Falkland Islands Defence Force.
In 2007, a memorial was erected to commemorate 25 years since the British victory.
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