Graphic arts

Graphic arts

Graphic arts is a term applied historically to the art of printmaking and drawing. In contemporary usage it refers to the applied trade-skills of a graphic designer or print technician. The term can include the trades of lithography, serigraphy and bindery, among others. Graphic arts as a trade can be traced back to the first instances of the stamped image or word.

Traditional meaning

Graphic art is the process of creating a design on a medium like rubber, Plexiglas, or other materials in order to transfer the images to the materials of choice such as paper, cloth, wood, metals, and plastics etc.

Early history

Tang Dynasty and Bi Sheng

The technique of printing with carved wood blocks appeared about the 7th century, early in the Tang dynasty. It was invented as a way to enscribe thousands of sheets of rice paper with a memoire of a beloved Empress. Every sheet of paper was placed in hilltops and shrines all over China so that her name would never be forgotten.

Movable type was first invented by Bi Sheng of the Song dynasty between the years 1041 and 1048. This invention was recorded by his contemporary Shen Kuo in his Dreampool Essays. During the 13-14th centuries, the agriculturist Wang Zhen made an important contribution to the development of movable type printing.

Moveable type was probably first used in Europe in the mid 15th century by Gutenberg in Germany, who also invented the printing press. This combination then rapidly spread to the rest of Europe, and later the world. Printing became a distinct trade.




Tools of the trade
*Computers and software
*Process camera work, registration, crop marks & masking
*Cutting edge technologies

From digital proof to plate to press.alex

External links

* [ United States Senate Catalogue of Graphic Art]

ee also

*Communication design
*Graphic design

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Graphic arts — Graphic Graph ic (gr[a^]f [i^]k), Graphical Graph ic*al (gr[a^]f [i^]*kal), a. [L. graphicus, Gr. grafiko s, fr. gra fein to write; cf. F. graphique. See {Graft}.] 1. Of or pertaining to the arts of painting and drawing; of or pertaining to… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • graphic arts — ► PLURAL NOUN ▪ visual arts based on the use of line and tone rather than three dimensional work or the use of colour …   English terms dictionary

  • graphic arts — n. 1. any form of visual artistic representation, esp. painting, drawing, photography, etc. 2. those arts in which impressions are printed from various kinds of blocks, plates, screens, etc. as engraving, etching, lithography, serigraphy, dry… …   English World dictionary

  • graphic arts — noun plural : the fine and applied arts of representation, decoration, and writing or printing on flat surfaces together with the techniques and crafts associated with each: as a. : painting and drawing b. : engraving, etching …   Useful english dictionary

  • Graphic Arts Technical Foundation — is a nonprofit, scientific, technical, and educational organization which promotes the technological advancement of the printing industry worldwide. The Foundation fulfills its missions through its five divisions: research, training, consulting,… …   Wikipedia

  • Graphic Arts Center Publishing — Infobox Company company name = Graphic Arts Center Publishing Company company company type = Private foundation=1968 location = flagicon|USA Portland, Oregon, USA key people=flagicon|USA Mike Hopkins, president industry = Publishing products =… …   Wikipedia

  • Graphic Arts Monthly — Infobox Newspaper name = Graphic Arts Monthly caption = type = business magazine format = Paper and online magazine foundation = 1929 ceased publication = price = owners = Reed Business Information editor = Bill Esler founder = language = English …   Wikipedia

  • Graphic Arts Building — Infobox Skyscraper building name = Graphic Arts Building caption = year highest = year end = plural = location = 934 Wyandotte, Kansas City, Missouri coordinates = status = Completed groundbreaking = constructed = 1915 est completion = opening =… …   Wikipedia

  • Graphic Arts Monthly — monthly American magazine that covers issues related to graphic arts and the printing industry …   English contemporary dictionary

  • graphic arts — plural noun the visual arts based on the use of line and tone rather than three dimensional work or the use of colour. Derivatives graphic artist noun …   English new terms dictionary

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