Kamae

Kamae

infobox martial art term
kanji = 構え
hiragana = かまえ
revhep = kamae
Nihongo|Kamae|構え is a Japanese term used in martial arts. It translates approximately to "posture". The Kanji of this word means "base".

Kamae is to be differentiated from the word Nihongo|"tachi"|立ち, used in Japanese martial arts to mean stance. While "tachi" (pronounced "dachi" when used in a compound) refers to the position of the body from the waist down, kamae refers to the posture of the entire body, as well as encompassing one's mental posture (i.e., one's attitude).

Although it is technically a generic term, many modern styles use kamae as the name of a specific posture; usually that style's basic stance for sparring or self defense.

As a further note, adding the modifier "te" to the end of kamae makes it the command for nihongo|"assume the position"|構えて|kamaete. Thus, a karate instructor ordering his students to assume a front stance might shout, "Zenkutsu dachi", "kamaete"!"

In aikido

Kamae is a basic stance, also defined as natural. In it, body's three centers of gravity are aligned on a vertical axis of gravity. Those three centers begin with the head, then spinal column, and lower abdomen. This allows for a balanced stance, regardless of positioning of one's feet. It also allows one to move freely into any desired direction.cite book
last = Westbrook
first = Adele
coauthors = Ratti, Oscar
title = Aikido and the Dynamic Sphere
publisher = Charles E. Tuttle Company
date = 1970
pages = 146
location = Tokyo, Japan
isbn = 978-0804800044
]

References


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем сделать НИР

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Kamae — [ka.mae] (jap.構え) ist ein Begriff, der in den japanischen Kampfsportarten (Budō) die Grundhaltung oder Ausgangsstellung des Kämpfers bezeichnet. Die Kamae setzt sich aus der äußeren und der inneren Haltung zusammen. Die Kamae sind dabei auf die… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • kamae — kamàe m <indekl.> DEFINICIJA sport stav pripravnosti koji natjecatelju omogućuje da krene u svim pravcima (u karateu i sl.) ETIMOLOGIJA jap …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Kamae — Garde (position de combat) Pour les articles homonymes, voir Garde. En combat rapproché (à mains nues ou avec une arme blanche), il faut être prêt à porter un coup ou bien à l esquiver, à le parer. Au fil des siècles, les guerriers on développé… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Kamae, Ōita — was a town located in Minamiamabe District, Ōita, Japan. On March 3, 2005, Kamae and the other towns of Minamiamabe were absorbed by the city of Saiki.As of 2003, the town had an estimated population of 8,612 and the density of 93.76 persons per… …   Wikipedia

  • Chūdan-no-kamae — For the more generic use of the word chūdan in Japanese martial arts, meaning middle level, see Chūdan. Kendo practice at an agricultural school c.1920. The man at right in the foreground is in chūdan no kamae, the man at left is in jōdan no… …   Wikipedia

  • Jōdan-no-kamae — For the more generic use of the word jōdan in Japanese martial arts, meaning upper level, see Jōdan . Nihongo|Jōdan no kamae|上段の構:じょうだんのかまえ, also known as jōdan gamae , and frequently shortened simply to jōdan among kendo and ninjutsu Bujinkan… …   Wikipedia

  • Hassō-no-kamae — Garde hasso au kendo. Nom Japonais …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Eddie Kamae — (born 1927) is an ukulele virtuoso, singer and composer. Born in Honolulu, he is also known as a primary proponent of the Hawaiian Cultural Renaissance . After learning to play on a found ukulele in his teens, he gained fame in Hawaii with such… …   Wikipedia

  • Hassō-no-kamae — infobox martial art term pic = S5000633.jpg picc Kendo. picsize = 250px kanji = 八相(八双)の構 hiragana = はっそうのかまえ revhep = hassō no kamae kunrei = hassô no kamaeNihongo|Hassō no kamae|八相(八双)の構|extra= all (eight) directions , frequently shortened… …   Wikipedia

  • Gedan-no-kamae — Nihongo|Gedan no kamae|下段の構え:げだんのかまえ, frequently shortened simply to gedan , occasionally shortened to gedan gamae , is one of the five stances in kendo, jōdan , chūdan , gedan , hassō, and waki . Gedan no kamae means lower level posture. This… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”