Biocommunication (science)

Biocommunication (science)

In the study of the biological sciences the general term Biocommunication is used to describe more specific types of communication within or between species of plants, animals, fungi and bacteria [Witzany, G. (2007) The Logos of the Bios 2. Bio-communication. Helsinki, Umweb] . Communication means sign-medited interactions following syntactic, pragmatic and semantic rules. Signs in most cases are chemical molecules (semiochemicals). Biocommunication of animals may include mechanisms as vocalizations (as between competing bird species), pheromone production (as between various species of insects), [cite book
last = Ananthakrishnan
first = T
authorlink =
coauthors =
title = Biocommunication in Insects
publisher = Science Publishers Inc
date = 1998
location =
pages = 104
url =
doi =
id = ISBN: 1578080312
] chemical signals between plants and animals (as in tannin production used by vascular plants to warn away insects), and chemically mediated communication between plants [cite web
last = Taiz
first = Lincoln
authorlink =
coauthors = Eduardo Zeiger
title = Plant Physiology Online
work = a companion to Plant Physiology, Third Edition
publisher = Sinauer Associates
date = 2002
url = http://3e.plantphys.net/book.php
format = HTTP
doi =
accessdate = 2006-12-26
] [cite journal
last = Farmer
first = EE
authorlink =
coauthors = CA Ryan
title = Interplant Communication: Airborne Methyl Jasmonate Induces Synthesis of Proteinase Inhibitors in Plant Leaves
journal = Proceedings of the National Academy of Science
volume = 87
issue = 19
pages = 7713–7716
publisher = National Academy of Sciences USA
date = 1990
url = http://www.pnas.org/cgi/content/abstract/87/19/7713
doi = 10.1073/pnas.87.19.7713
id =
accessdate = 2006-12-31
] and within plants. [Witzany, G. (2006). Plant Communication from Biosemiotic Perspective. Plant Signaling & Behavior 1 (4): 169-178. [http://www.landesbioscience.com/journals/psb/article/3163] ]

Biocommunication and Linguistics

In the study of linguistics, abstract biocommunication theory may be considered to be a form of biosemiotics, and a subdiscipline of semiotic theory. Accordingly, syntactic, semantic, and pragmatic aspect of biocommunication processes are distinguished. [Tembrock, Günter 1971. "Biokommunikation: Informationsübertragung im biologischen Bereich". Berlin: Akademie-Verlag.] Biocommunication specific to animals (animal communication) is considered a branch of zoosemiotics. [Sebeok, Thomas (ed.) 1977. "How Animals Communicate". Bloomington: Indiana University Press.] The semiotic study of molecular genetics, can be considered a study of biocommunication at its most basic level. [cite web
last = Emmeche
first = Claus
authorlink =
coauthors = Jesper Hoffmeyer
title = From Language to Nature - the semiotic metaphor in biology
work =
publisher = Semiotica 84 (1/2): 1-42, 1991
date = 1991
url = http://www.geneticengineering.org/dna5/default.htm
format = HTML
doi =
accessdate = 2006-12-31
]

The scientific study of biocommunication as a subfield of semiotics has been introduced by Charles W. Morris and Thomas A. Sebeok, and currently developed by the International Society for Biosemiotic Studies.

Notes

ee also

* Chemotropism
* Cognition
* Molecular genetics
* Plant physiology
* Slime mould


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