- Carlo Scarpa
Carlo Scarpa (
June 2, 1906- 1978), was an Italian designerwith a profound understanding of materials, landscape, and the history of Venetian culture -- in particular its tradition of painting.
Scarpa was born in Venice in 1906. Much of his early childhood was spent in Vicenza, where his family relocated when he was 2 years old. After his mother's death, at the age of 13, he, his father and brother moved back to Venice. Carlo attended the Academy of Fine Arts where, after two years, he focused on architectural studies. Graduated from the Accademia in Venice, with the title of Professore di Architettura, he apprenticed with the architect Francesco Rinaldo--Scarpa will married Rinaldo's niece Onorina Lazzari. However, Scarpa refused to sit the "pro forma" professional exam administrated by the Italian Government after the 2nd World War. As consequence he was not permitted to practice architecture without associating with an architect. Hence, those who worked with him, his clients, associates, craftspersons, called him "Professore," rather than "architetto." His architecture is deeply sensitive to the changes of time, from seasons to history, rooted in a sensuous material imagination and has been widely praised from
Tadao Andoto Mario Botta. He was Botta's thesis adviser along with Giuseppe Mazzariol -- the latter was the Director of the Fondazione Querini Stampalia when Scarpa completed his renovation and garden for that institution. Scarpa taught drawing and Interior Decoration at the Istituto universitario di architettura di Venezia from the late 1940s until his death. While most of his built work is located in the Veneto, he made designs of landscapes, gardens, and buildings, for other regions of Italy as well as Canada, the United States, Saudi Arabia, France, and Switzerland.
One of his last projects, left incomplete at the time of his death, was recently altered (October 2006) by his son Tobia -- the Villa Palazzetto in Monselice. This work is one of Scarpa's most ambitious landscape and garden projects, the Brion Sanctuary notwithstanding. It was executed for Aldo Businaro, the representative for Cassina who is responsible for Scarpa's first trip to Japan. Aldo Businaro died in August 2006, a few months before the completion of the new stair at the Villa Palazzetto, built to commemorate Scarpa's centenary.
In 1978, while in Sendai, Japan, Scarpa died after falling down a flight of concrete stairs. He survived for ten days in hospital before succumbing to the injuries of his fall. He is buried standing up, in the outside corner of his L-shaped Brion family cemetery at San Vito d'Altivole in the Veneto.
In 1984 the Italian composer
Luigi Nonodedicated him the composition for orchestra to micro-intervals "A Carlo Scarpa, Architetto, Ai suoi infiniti possibili".
*Central Pavilion in the Giardini at the
*"Palazzo Ca'Foscari, Venice, 1935 - 1956
*Venezuela-Pavilion, Biennale, Venice, Italy, 1954 - 1956
*"Museo di Castelvecchio",
Verona, Italy, 1956 - 1964
Olivetti, St. Mark's Square, Venice, Italy, 1957 - 1958
Fondazione Querini Stampalia, Venice, 1961-1963
Brion Tomb and Sanctuary, at San Vito d'Altivole, Italy, 1969 - 1978
*Banca Popolare, Verona, Italy, 1973
*Carla Sonego, Carlo Scarpa. Gli anni della formazione (Venice: IUAV, unpublished thesis, 1995), Professor Marco De Michelis, Supervisor.
* Francesco Dal Co; Giuseppe Mazzariol (2002) "Carlo Scarpa : The Complete Works". Rizzoli, (Paperback)
* M. A. Crippa, (1986). "Carlo Scarpa, Theory, Design, Projects". MIT Press, Cambridge, Mass.
* Olsberg, Nicholas (1999). "Carlo Scarpa Architect: Intervening With History". The Monacelli Press, New York. ISBN 1-58093-035-2
bef barden; paperback (1992)
* [http://www.archiviocarloscarpa.it/index.php?lingua=e Digital Archive of Carlo Scarpa]
* [http://www.studiocleo.com/gallerie/scarpa/scarpapage.html Biography]
* [http://architect.architecture.sk/carlo-scarpa-architect/carlo-scarpa-architect.php Biography]
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