Verio is an internet service provider (ISP) and web host in the United States. Incorporated in 1996 in Denver, Colorado, it is currently a wholly owned subsidiary of Nippon Telegraph and Telephone (NTT) Communications, which purchased it in 2000. Verio was formed from a consolidation of over 200 smaller ISPs.


Initially, Verio raised funds with which to purchase ISPs around the United States and Europe. It was funded by the principal founders, private investors, NTT, and institutional investors in a private placement. The concept was to roll up small ISPs into one large national ISP and achieve economies of scale.

By the year 2000, Verio had purchased almost fifty small ISPs, most in the U.S. but some in Europe. During this time Verio went public on the NASDAQ, trading under the symbol VRIO. In early 2000 Verio was sold to NTT at a per-share price of over $60, a total cost slightly exceeding $5 billion. Because NTT is a Japanese government-owned company, foreigners are not allowed to own NTT stock (according to Japanese law) and therefore the buy-out was a 100% cash deal. The United States Congress held hearings over the transaction to ensure it did not violate national security concerns. The Justice Department and the Federal Bureau of Investigation expressed concern that the Japanese government, which owned 53 percent of NTT at the time, could gain access to classified information should the U.S. government use Verio's network to tap Internet communications during an investigation. To placate these concerns, NTT agreed to form a separate division within the company staffed only by U.S. citizens to handle any work in support of government investigations. As a result, the Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States recommended that President Clinton allow the $5.5 billion purchase to proceed. The deal also prompted scrutiny of Japan's openness to foreign telecom competitors.

Shortly after the announced deal, the NASDAQ stock market crashed in the spring of 2000 in the dot-com bubble burst. The agreed price of around $60 remained and NTT and Verio completed the transaction by the fall of 2000.

Over the course of the next few years Verio abandoned the lower revenue consumer internet access market and focused primarily on the more lucrative business to business web hosting market. Much of the original infrastructure and employees it had purchased were disbanded or consolidated into a few large centralized data centers.

Verio continues to operate as a wholly owned subsidiary of NTT America.

At the end of 2005, the backbone and some dedicated hosting centers moved to NTT America, with the web hosting business staying with Verio. At the same time, the European arm, Verio Europe, was moved in its entirety to NTT Europe. In October 2006 Verio Europe was re-named NTT Europe Online.

ome of the ISPs purchased by Verio

Verio was initially built on a business model known as a "rollup", composed entirely of smaller companies operating under the Verio brand-name. By the year 2000, Verio had purchased almost fifty small ISPs, [ [ The Internet Data Services Report] MorganStanley, 11 Aug 1999, pg. 30] most in the U.S. but some in Europe, ranging in price from under a million dollars (USD) to over 100 million dollars per ISP. These companies were often mature and well known brand names in their local markets, more well known than Verio, and often continued to operate with a great deal of local autonomy even after purchase by Verio. Some of the ISPs purchased by Verio were leading pioneers in the ISP industry, representing the first wave of commercial ISP access in local markets around the US and Europe. Some [ [ Verio Inc. Consolidates Affiliates, Reinforces Position as Leading National Internet Company for Business and Institutions | Business Wire | Find Articles at ] ] [ [ SEC Info - Verio Inc - 10-K/A - For 12/31/99 ] ] [ [ Verio grows big with small clients - East Bay Business Times: ] ] of these companies included:

* Access One ( Western Washington
* AimNet ( Santa Clara, California
* ATMNet ( San Diego, California
* Best Internet Communications, Mountain View, California
* Branch Net (, Ann Arbor, Michigan
* CCNet ( Walnut Creek, California
* ClarkNet (,, Columbia, Maryland
* Communique ( Gulf South
* Compute Intensive, Inc.
* Computing Engineers, Inc. (dba WorldWide Access) (,, Chicago, Illinois
* Digital Nation ( Alexandria, Virginia
* Florida Internet ( South Florida
* Global Enterprise Services (,, New Jersey
* Global Internet Network Services (, formerly MidNet ( Lincoln, Nebraska
* Hiway Technologies (,, Boca Raton, Florida
* Internet Engineering Associates, Inc.
* Internet Now, Inc. ( Atlanta, Georgia
* Internet Servers, Inc. (,, Orem, Utah
* Long Island Internet ( Long Island, New York
* MagicNet ( Florida
* Monumental Network Services, (,, Chantilly, Virginia
* National Knowledge Network (NKN) (,, Dallas, Texas
* Network Intensive (, Irvine, California
* New York Net ( New York City
* Northwest Network Services (NorthWestNet) Poulsbo, Washington
* NS Net ( Sacramento, California
* OnRamp ( Dallas, Texas
* Pacific Rim (, Bellingham, Washington
* PacketWorks ( Tampa Bay, Florida
* Pioneer Global (,, New England
* PrepNet (,, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
* QualNet/IAGNet (,,,,, Cleveland, Ohio
* RAINet (, Oregon
* RustNet ( Michigan
* ServiceTech ( New York City
* SesquiNet ( Houston, Texas
* SigNet ( Austin, Texas
* SmartConnect ( McLean, Virginia
* Spacelab (, New York City
* Starnet ( St. Louis, Missouri
* Structured (, Oregon
* Surf Networks (,, Philadelphia
* Tab Net (,,, Napa Valley, California
* TerraNet (,, New England
* Web Communications ( Santa Cruz, California
* West Coast Online ( Rohnert Park, California
* WWW-Service, Regensburg (Germany)


ee also

NTT Europe Online

External links

* [ Verio Homepage]
* [ Verio to shut off controversial Web site]

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