- Peyton Place (novel)
"Peyton Place" is a 1956
novelby Grace Metalious.
Selling sixty thousand copies within the first ten days of its release, it was publishing's second "blockbuster," (following "
Gone with the Wind" in 1936) and remained on the " New York Times" best seller list for fifty-nine weeks. The main plot follows the lives of three women - lonely and repressed Constance MacKenzie, her illegitimate daughter Allison, and her employee Selena Cross, a girl from "across the tracks" or as it is called in the book "from the shacks" - and how they come to terms with their identity as women and sexual beings in a small New Englandtown. Hypocrisy, social inequities, and class privilege are recurring themes in a tale that includes incest, abortion, adultery, lustand murder. "Peyton Place" has become an expression used to describe any place with sordid secrets.
Several characters and events were drawn from events in nearby towns and people Metalious actually knew. Selena Cross was based on Jane Glenn, a 20-year-old girl from
Gilmanton Iron Works, New Hampshire, who murdered her father after years of sexual abuse and buried his body under a goat pen. (In the novel, Selena kills her stepfather, since incest was considered too taboo for readers at the time. Metalious' editor Kitty Messner made the change, much to the author's dismay and disapproval.) Another controversial character was the salacious school principal Tomas Makris, who bore the name and physical description of a Laconia resident and co-worker of Metalious's school teacher husband. Makris sued for libel, winning an out-of-court settlement for $60,000. It later was revealed that Metalious had forged Makris's name on a release form, and the character was renamed Michael Rossi for the film version and television adaptation of the novel.
Some citizens of the Lakes Region took umbrage at the notoriety that was quickly thrust upon the area, and directed their resentment at Metalious. Vicious rumors began circulating about the author, some true (Metalious had an affair), and some preposterous (she bought groceries while wearing a fur coat and nothing underneath). Metalious later tried to cash in on her success when she helped buy a motel on
Lake Winnipesaukeethat was re-christened the Peyton Place Motel, but it was an unsuccessful venture. Decades after the publication of the novel and the death of its author, many in Metalious' former hometown have forgotten the controversy, but the topic of "Peyton Place" still raises the ire of some. [http://entertainment.tv.yahoo.com/entnews/ap/20060311/114211038000.html]
Despite the controversy and social commentary present in the novel, Metalious insisted that "Peyton Place" was a work of fiction. When
John Michael Hayes, the screenwriter for the film adaptation, asked her if the novel was her autobiography, Metalious asked him to repeat the question and then spilled her drink on him.
Metallious wrote very accurately about
New Englanders and many in her hometown still remember to this day the scandal caused by the book. She was almost barred from being buried in the church cemetery, but the church and townsfolk in Gilmantonfinally relented. To this day someone puts flowers on her grave in the far off corner plot. High school students in Gilmanton, Gilfordand Laconia, New Hampshireare assigned this book as required reading and learn to separate the local truth from the fiction.
Allison MacKenzie is the daughter of Constance MacKenzie. Constance had left Peyton Place for New York city at a young age, hoping to snag a charming and wealthy husband. She found a man named Allison MacKenzie, but he was already married with children, and he died shortly after Constance became pregnant with young Allison. Constance returned to Peyton Place as a "widow" with a year-old baby girl. Constance altered her daughter Allison's birthdate to make her appear legitimate. Selena Cross was the daughter of Nellie Cross, who married Lucas Cross soon after Selena's birth. Selena was not Lucas' daughter. Lucas also had a son named Paul who was away. Nellie and Lucas later had a child together, Joey who lives with them and Selena in "the shacks," or poor section of town. When Selena turned fourteen years old, Lucas Cross began to abuse her, impregnating her and leaving the local doctor in a troublesome situation in which he decided to perform an abortion. The doctor made Lucas leave town, and after she discovered this, Nellie committed suicide by hanging herself.
Leslie Harrington is the richest man in town and all of the things he accomplished were shattered into pieces when he lost his only son Rodney in a car accident. There is a not-wholly-unexpected surprise at the end of the novel.
Metalious followed up "Peyton Place" with "
Return to Peyton Place" in 1959. Although the sequel sold well, its success did not approach that of the original.
Illegitimacy in fiction
"Peyton Place's Real Victim" by Michael Callahan, "Vanity Fair", March 2006, p. 332.
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