- Whiteway Colony
Whiteway Colony is in the
Cotswoldsnear Stroud, Gloucestershire, UK. It was set up in 1898by Tolstoyan anarchists who purchased 40 acres (162,000 m²) of land, then burnt the property deeds on the end of a pitchforkin a symbolic rejection of the notion of property, and then went to court to prove that nobody owned the legal title. The property still exists today. The early settlers built a number of wooden buildings on what was then open fields. Over the years it has housed many people including immigrant anarchists, conscientious objectors and refugees from the Spanish Civil War, as well as co-operative ventures such as Protheroe's Bakery (known in the local area for the quality of its bread), the Cotswold Co-operative Handicraft guild and the Co-operative Gardening Group. For a period the Anarchist newspaper Freedom was produced here by Thomas Keel.
Early life in the colony was spartan and idealistic - piped water did not arrive until 1949 and
electricityuntil 1954. The site was originally open land but is now heavily wooded and home to a collection of mainly wooden buildings - as no one owns the land, mortgages could not be obtained so people had to build their own houses. A communal hall was built by residents in 1924 to house social activities and a school, and a swimming pool was built in 1969. Whiteway Colony is still in existence today and houses, among others, descendants of its original settlers. Though it no longer has an explicitly anarchistcharacter, today's residents are aware, and proud, of its origins. Traces of them run through the community still, the best examples being the continued use and maintenance of communal facilities (hall, swimming pooland playing field). In addition, the governance of the community is still done by a general meetingof its residents.
Aylmer and Louise Maude— Aylmer Maude led the founding board of trustees of the colony
* [http://www.utopia-britannica.org.uk/pages/whiteway.htm Utopia Britannica]
*“ [http://sniggle.net/Experiment/index.php?entry=08Sep07#item2 English Followers of Tolstoi in a Rather Barren Utopia] : A Little Colony Trying to Carry Out the Principles of the Russian Philosopher at Whiteway, in the Cotswold Hills” ("New York Sun" 17 September 1905)
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