official_name = Kokand
imagesize = 300px
image_caption = Khan's Palace
pushpin_mapsize = 300
pushpin_map_caption =Location in Uzbekistan
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = Province
population_total = 192,500
elevation_m = 409
Kokand (alternative spellings: Khokand, Khoqand; Uzbek: Quqon; Russian: Коканд; Ta/PA:Куканд/کوکند ;Chagatai: خوقند) is a city in
Fergana Provincein eastern Uzbekistan, at the southwestern edge of the Fergana Valley. It has a population of 192,500 ( 1999census estimate). Kokand is 228 km southeast of Tashkent, 115 km west of Andijan, and 88 km west of Fergana. It is nicknamed “City of Winds”, or sometimes “Town of the Boar". It is located at coord|40|31|43|N|70|56|33|E| at an altitude of 409 meters.
Kokand is on the crossroads of the ancient trade routes, at the junction of two main routes into the Fergana Valley, one leading northwest over the mountains to Tashkent, and the other west through
Khujand. As a result, Kokand is the main transportation junction in the Fergana Valley.
Kokand has existed since at least the 10th century, under the name of Khavakend and was frequently mentioned in traveler’s accounts of the caravan route between
Indiaand China. The Mongols destroyed Kokand in the 13th century.
The present city began as a fort in 1732 on the site of another older fortress called Eski-Kurgan. In 1740, it became the capital of an Uzbek kingdom, the
Khanate of Kokand, which reached as far as Qyzylordato the west and Bishkekto the northeast. Kokand was also the major religious center of the Fergana Valley, boasting more than 300 mosques. Russian imperial forces under Mikhail Skobelevcaptured the city in 1876 which then became part of Russian Turkistan. It was the capital of the short-lived (1917–18) anti- BolshevikProvisional Government of Autonomous Turkistan (also known as Kokand Autonomy).Adeeb Khalid. "The Politics of Muslim Cultural Reform, Jadidism in Central Asia," Oxford University Press, 2000.
There are 2 institutes, 9 colleges and Lyceums, 40 secondary and 5 musical schools, drama theatre, 7 clubs, 20 libraries. The main cultural life of the city cannot be expressed without museums. There are 7 historical and house museums located in Kokand.
All information about kokand at www.kokand.uz
[ [http://www.kokand.uz Добро пожаловать] ]
Kokand is a center for the manufacture of
fertilizers, chemicals, machinery, and cottonand food products. Over the last two decades, new districts and public buildings have appeared in the city with intense growth of individual houses, shops, cafes, restaurants and other private sector ventures. Kokand is also an educational center with 1 institute, and 9 colleges and Lyceums, and numerous museums. [http://www.kokand.uz]
* Palace of
Khudayar Khan– built 1863-1873, one of the largest & most opulent palaces in Central Asia. 19 of the original 113 rooms survive, and are now a museum.
* Jummi Mosque – a
Friday mosquebuilt in 1800-1812, and reopened in 198, it can hold 10,000 worshippers.
* Amin Beg Madrassah – built in 1813
* Dakhma-I-Shokhon – necropolis of the Kokand Khans from the 1830s
* Khamza Museum – dedicated to Kokand’s foremost Soviet hero,
Hamza Hakimzade Niyazi(1889-1929), Bolshevik propagandist, first national poetof Soviet Uzbekistan and founder of Soviet Uzbek literature.All information about kokand at www.kokand.uz
* [http://www.kokand.uz Official city portal of Kokand ]
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