Rationale of Polish King Saint
Jadwiga of Poland] A rationale is a liturgical vestmentworn by clergy, in particular by Bishops, in the Roman Catholic Churchwhich uses full vestments. It is humeral ornament, a counterpart to the Pallium, and is worn over the chasuble. It is a large clasp, made of precious metal and ornamented with diamonds, whose edges are adorned with small bells.cite paper|title=Sacerdotal Apologiae|author=Andrew Casad and Drew Rosato|date= 2002-03-20|chapter=What is a Rationale?|format=PDF|url=http://edoras.duhs.duke.edu/papers/THEO_673_3.pdf] The word is more commonly used to mean an explanation of the basis or fundamental reasons for something.
Middle Agesit was worn by the Bishops of Würzburg, Ratisbon, Eichstätt, Naumburg, Halberstadt, Paderborn, Minden, Speier, Metz, Augsburg, Prague, Olmutz, Liège, and Toul. Its use largely died out in the 13th century, although there is evidence that it was worn at Reims until the 16th century. Some rationales can be found preserved at Bamberg and Ratisbon. The earliest pictures of rationales that exist are two pictures of Bishop Sigebert of Minden, a miniature and an ivory tablet, which were both incorporated in a Mass Ordo belonging to the Bishop.cite encyclopedia|encyclopedia=The Catholic Encyclopedia|volume=XII|date= 1911-06-01|location=New York|publisher=Robert Appleton Company|title=Rationale|url=http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/12651c.htm]
The only Bishops that wear rationales in the 21st century are the Bishops of Eichstätt, Paderborn, Toul, and
Kraków. The modern rationale is a humeral collar, ornamented in the front and back with appendages.
Rationales are occasionally still worn by Bishops in the
Celtic Christian Orthodox Church, a small community with historical links to the Old Catholic independent movement and Eastern Orthodoxy. [cite web|url=http://celticchristianity.org/library/vestments.html|title=Vestments of the Celtic Orthodox Christian Church|work=celticchristianity.org]
The rationale is named after the breast ornament of a Jewish high-priest, which was a wooden brooch, overlaid with enamelled metal, fastened high up on the breast of chasubles that had no central orphreys.
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