- Ulmus minor subsp. minor 'Umbraculifera'
Infobox Cultivar | name = "Ulmus minor" subsp. "minor"
cultivar = 'Umbraculifera'
image_caption = 'Umbraculifera', Netherlands. Photo: Ronnie Nijboer, Bonte Hoek kwekerijen
origin = IranThe
Smooth-leaved Elm"Ulmus minor" var. "minor" cultivar 'Umbraculifera' originated in Iran, where it was once widely planted as an ornamental, and occasionally grew to a great size.
The tree is distinguished by its dense, rounded habit, but is otherwise identical to "U. minor" subsp. "minor".
Pests and diseases
The tree is as vulnerable to
Dutch elm diseaseas the species; a specimen at the Ryston Hall[http://www.rystonhall.co.uk/] , Norfolk, arboretum, obtained from the Späth nursery before 1914 Ryston Hall Arboretum catalogue, circa 1920] , was killed by the earlier strain of the disease in the 1930s.
The tree was introduced to Europe in 1878 by the
Späth nurseryin Berlin, which had obtained it from a German gardener in the employ of the Shah, and was subsequently planted along streets in BerlinElwes, H. J. & Henry, A. (1913). "The Trees of Great Britain & Ireland". Vol. VII. pp 1848-1929. Private publication, Edinburgh. [http://fax.libs.uga.edu/QK488xE4/7tgbi/] ] Green, P. S. (1964). Registration of cultivar names in Ulmus. "Arnoldia", Vol. 24. Arnold Arboretum, Harvard University. [http://arnoldia.arboretum.harvard.edu/pdf/articles/1605.pdf] ] . Bean remarked that the tree succeeded well on the continent (Europe) and in eastern North America, but was rarely planted in the UKBean, W. J. (1981). "Trees and shrubs hardy in Great Britain", 7th edition. Murray, London. ] . Introduced to Australia, the tree was marketed in the early 20th century by the former GembrookNursery near Melbourne, but it is not known whether the tree survives in that country.Despite its susceptibility to the disease, it remains in commercial cultivation in Belgiumand the Netherlands. The tree is not known to have been introduced to North America.
*Narwan: The common name for the tree in Persian, confusingly similar to the local name for the
*"Ulmus densa" var. "bubyriana": Litv., "Sched. Herb. Fl. Ross." 6: 163, no. 1991, "t.1, 2", 1908 and "Sched. Herb. Fl. Ross." 8: 23, no. 2444, "t. 2", 1922 resp. In the latter, Litvinov described it from a cultivated tree in
SamarkandGreen, P. S. (1964). Registration of cultivar names in Ulmus. "Arnoldia", Vol. 24. Arnold Arboretum, Harvard University. [http://arnoldia.arboretum.harvard.edu/pdf/articles/1605.pdf] ]
*"Ulmus turkestanica": Regel [http://asaweb.huh.harvard.edu:8080/databases/botanists?id=100261] , in "Gartenflora" 33: 28. 1884.
*Hortus Botanicus Nationalis,
Salaspils, Latviaacc. no. 18147
*Boomwekerijen 'De Batterijen',
Ochten, Netherlands[http://www.treecommerce.com/batterijen/bestel_pagina.asp?Plantnummer=12631&Maatnummer=40454] .
*Kwekerij Johan Van Herreweghe [http://www.plantago.nl/plantindex/kwekers/kwekerijinfo.php?Afkorting=JohanVanHerreweghe] ,
*Jacobs Plantencentrum [http://www.plantago.nl/plantindex/kwekers/kwekerijinfo.php?Afkorting=JacobsPlant] ,
*Kwekerij De Reebock [http://www.plantago.nl/plantindex/kwekers/kwekerijinfo.php?Afkorting=DeReebock] ,
*Tuincentrum Semperflorens [http://www.plantago.nl/plantindex/kwekers/kwekerijinfo.php?Afkorting=Semperflorens] ,
*Tuincentrum Vechtweelde [http://www.plantago.nl/plantindex/kwekers/kwekerijinfo.php?Afkorting=Vechtweelde] ,
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