Complimentary close

Complimentary close

Complimentary close, or Complimentary closing is the term, expression, or phrase which immediately precedes the signature on a note, letter, or correspondence, most often written. The word or words so written express the esteem or regard for the person to whom the correspondence is directed. It is sometimes confused with valediction, which is the act of bidding farewell, especially orally.

English complimentary closings typically contain the word "yours", a contraction of "your servant";Fact|date=July 2008 old closings were usually some voluminous statement, a complete sentence of the form,

I beg to remain, Sir, your most humble and obedient servant,
A.B.

This kind of ceremonious closing is still in use in some countries, for instance in France and Italy.

ee also

*Valediction


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  • complimentary close — ˌcomplimentary ˈclose noun [countable usually singular] the usual way of ending a formal business letter. If you address the letter Dear Sir/​Madam , you end it Yours faithfully ; if you address the letter to a particular person, you end it Yours …   Financial and business terms

  • complimentary close — /klohz/ the part of a letter that by convention immediately precedes the signature, as Very truly yours, Cordially, or Sincerely yours. Also, complimentary closing. Also called closing, close. [1915 20] * * * …   Universalium

  • complimentary close — noun Date: 1919 the words (as sincerely yours) that conventionally come immediately before the signature of a letter and express the sender s regard for the receiver called also complimentary closing …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • complimentary close — noun or complimentary closing : the word or words that conventionally come immediately before the signature of a letter and express the sender s regard for the receiver (as very truly yours, sincerely yours, cordially) * * * noun, pl ⋯ closes… …   Useful english dictionary

  • complimentary close — com′plimen′tary close′ [[t]kloʊz[/t]] also com′plimen′tary clos′ing n. the part of a letter that by convention immediately precedes the signature, as “Very truly yours,”“Cordially,” or “Sincerely yours.” …   From formal English to slang

  • close — I adj., adv. /klous/ near 1) close to (close to tears; we live close to town; close to the truth) stingy (colloq.) 2) close with (close with one s money) secretive 3) close about (close about one s past) on intimate terms 4) close to, with (close …   Combinatory dictionary

  • close — closable, closeable /kloh zeuh beuhl/, adj. closely /klohs lee/, adv. closeness /klohs nis/, n. v. /klohz/; adj., adv. /klohs/ or, for 56, /klohz/; n. /klohz/ for 66, 67, 70 72, 74, 75, /klohs/ for 68, 69, 73, v., closed …   Universalium

  • complimentary closing — noun see complimentary close …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • complimentary closing — noun see complimentary close …   Useful english dictionary

  • Complimentary language and gender — Complimentary language is a speech act that caters to positive face needs. Positive face, according to Brown and Levinson, is “the positive consistent self image or ‘personality’ (crucially including the desire that this self image be appreciated …   Wikipedia

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