- Superior longitudinal fasciculus
Name = PAGENAME
Latin = fasciculus longitudinalis superior cerebri
GraySubject = 189
GrayPage = 844
Caption = Diagram showing principal systems of association fibers in the cerebrum. (Sup. longitudinal fasc. labeled at center top.)
BrainInfoType = ancil
BrainInfoNumber = 537
DorlandsPre = f_03
DorlandsSuf = 12356082
The superior longitudinal fasciculus (also called the superior longitudinal fascicle or SLF) is a pair of long bi-directional bundles of neurons connecting the front and the back of the cerebrum. Each association fiber bundle is lateral to the centrum ovale of a
cerebral hemisphereand connects the frontal, occipital, parietal, and temporal lobes. The neurons pass from the frontal lobethrough the operculum to the posterior end of the lateral sulcus where numerous neurons radiate into the occipital lobeand other neurons turn downward and forward around the putamenand radiate to anterior portions of the temporal lobe.
The SLF is composed of four distinct components [Makris pages 1-2] SLF I, SLF II, SLF III, and
arcuate fascicle(AF). In humans, these four components are bundled together although they are functionally separate. In non-human primates, the SLF and AF are anatomically separate and have separate trajectories.
SLF I is the dorsal component and originates in the superior and medial
parietal cortex, passes around the cingulate sulcus and in the superior parietal and frontal white matter, and terminates in the dorsal and medial cortex of the frontal lobe ( Brodmann6, 8, and 9) and in the supplementary motor cortex (M II). [Makris page 11]
SLF II is the major component of SLF and originates in the caudal-inferior parietal cortex and terminates in the
dorsolateral prefrontal cortex(Brodmann 6, 8 and 46).
SLF III is the ventral component and originates in the supramarginal gyrus (rostral portion of the inferior parietal lobe) and terminates in the ventral premotor and
prefrontal cortex(Brodmann 6, 44, and 46).
The AF originates in the caudal area of the
superior temporal gyrusand passes next to the neurons of SLF II above the Sylvian fissureand insulain non-human primates. In humans, neurons that originate from the caudal superior temporal gyrus and the superior temporal sulcus pass around the caudal Sylvian fissure and along with the SLF bundle and terminate in the dorsal prefrontal cortex(Brodmann areas 8 and 46).
SLF I connects to the superior parietal cortex which encodes locations of body parts in a body-centric coordinate system and with M II and dorsal premotor cortex. [Makris page 13] This suggests the SLF I is involved with regulating motor behavior, especially conditional associative tasks which select among competing motor tasks based on conditional rules.
SLF II connects to the caudal inferior parietal cortex which controls spatial attention and visual and
oculomotorfunctions. This suggest the SLF II provides the prefrontal cortex with parietal cortex information regarding perception of visual space. Since these bundles are bi-directional, working memory (Brodmann 46) in the prefrontal cortex may provide the parietal cortex with information to focus spatial attention and regulate selection and retrieval of spatial information.
SLF III connects the rostral inferior parietal cortex which receives information from the ventral
precentral gyrus. This suggests that the SLF III transfers somasensory information, such as language articulation, between the ventral premotor cortex, Brodmann 44 ( pars opercularis), the supramarginal gyrus(Brodmann 40), and the laterial inferior prefrontal cortex working memory (Brodmann 46).
The arcuate fascicle connects the superior temporal gyrus (Tpt) with the dorsal prefrontal cortex which suggests auditory information is transmitted between those two areas of cortex. [Makris page 14]
* [http://brainmind.com/BrainAtlas2.html Brainmind.com atlas, see "1. Short arcuate bundles" section. Bundle 2 is the superior longitudinal fasciculus]
* [http://brainmind.com/images/T515.jpgbrain atlas sagittal images showing the SLF (bundle 2)]
* - "Dissection of the Left Hemisphere"
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