- Strand Magazine
The "Strand Magazine" was a monthly fiction magazine founded by
George Newnes. It was published in the United Kingdomfrom January 1891 to March 1950 running to 711 issues [Ashley, Mike. "The Age of the Storytellers" (Page 196). The British Library and Oak Knoll Press. 2006. ISBN 0-71-230698-6] , though the first issue was on sale well before Christmas 1890.Its immediate popularity is evidenced by an initial sale of nearly 300,000. Sales increased in the early months, before settling down to a circulation of almost 500,000 copies a month which lasted well into the 1930s. It was edited by Herbert Greenhough Smithfrom 1891 to 1930.
Sherlock Holmesshort stories by Arthur Conan Doylewere first published in "The Strand" with illustrations by Sidney Paget. With the serialization of Doyle's " The Hound of the Baskervilles", sales reached their peak. Readers lined up outside the magazine's offices, waiting to get the next installment. The A. J. Raffles, a "gentleman thief", stories of Ernest William Hornungfirst appeared in "The Strand" in the 1890s. Other contributors included Grant Allen, Margery Allingham, H.G. Wells, E.C. Bentley, Agatha Christie, C.B. Fry, E. Nesbit, W.W. Jacobs, Rudyard Kipling, Dorothy L. Sayers, Georges Simenon, Edgar Wallace, P. G. Wodehouse, and even Winston Churchill. Once a sketch drawn by Queen Victoria of one of her children appeared with her permission.
In addition to the many fiction pieces and illustrations, "The Strand" was also known for some time as the source of ground-breaking brain teasers, under a column called "Perplexities", first written by
Henry Dudeney. Dudeney introduced many new concepts to the puzzle world, including the first known crossnumber puzzle, in 1926. In that same year, Dudeney produced an article, "The Psychology of Puzzle Crazes," reflecting and analyzing the demand for such works. He edited Perplexities from 1910 until he died in 1930. G.H. Savage became the column's editor, soon to be joined by William Thomas Williams (as W.T. Williams), who, in 1935 authored the best-known crossnumber puzzle of today. The puzzle goes by many names, the original being, The Little Pigley Farm. It has also been known as Dog's Mead, Little Pigley, Little Piggly Farm, Little Pigsby, Pilgrims’ Plot, and Dog Days.
After a format change to a smaller "digest" size in October 1941 [Ashley. (Page 205).] , the "Strand Magazine" eventually ceased publication in March 1950, forced out of the market by a falling circulation and rising costs, its last editor being
Macdonald Hastings, distinguished war correspondentand later TV reporterand contributor to the "Eagle" boys' comic.
The Strand was brought back into publication in 2000 and has published fiction by several well-known writers including
John Mortimer, Ray Bradbury, Alexander McCall Smith, Ruth Rendell, Colin Dexter, and Edward Hoch.
*Pound, Reginald, "A Maypole in the Strand" (Ernest Benn, 1948).
*Pound, Reginald, "The Strand Magazine: 1891 - 1950" (Heinemann 1966).
*Beare, Geraldine, "Index to The Strand Magazine, 1891-1950" (Greenwood Press, 1982).
*Ashley, Mike, "The Age of the Storytellers" (British Library, 2006).
*Pittard, Christopher, "Cheap, Healthful Literature": The Strand Magazine, Fictions of Crime, and Purified Reading Communities, "Victorian Periodicals Review" 40:1 (Spring 2007), pp. 1-23.
* [http://www.strandmag.com/ Strand Mystery magazine]
* [http://www.strandmag.com/hist.htm 1998 description of historic Strand Magazine by Chris Willis]
* [http://anduin.eldar.org/~problemi/singmast/recchron.html Chronology of Recreational Mathematics, by David Singmaster]
* [http://jig.joelpomerantz.com/fun/dogsmead.html The Little Pigley Farm crossnumber puzzle and its history by Joel Pomerantz]
* [http://www.archive.org/search.php?query=strand%20magazine%20AND%20mediatype%3Atexts] Several Public Domain Scans of Strand Magazines from 1893 and 1899
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