- William Edwin Beckel
William Edwin Beckel is a
Canadianacademic and former president of Carleton Universityin Ottawaand the University of Lethbridgein Alberta.
Beckel, a zoologist, was an early proponent of the use of television as a teaching medium. In
1964he became the first dean of the University of Toronto-affiliated Scarborough College, which led an experiment in teaching half the courses using TV-only lectures. [http://www.newsandevents.utoronto.ca/bios/02/history14.htm]
Beckel was president of the University of Lethbridge from
1971to 1979. During Beckel's tenure, the University implemented Management Arts, native american studies and expanded cooperative education. Under Dean Russell Leskiw, the education program became one of the best in Canada. A highlight during Beckel's presidency was the Provincial Governments approval of the Centre for the Arts, a building that allowed for the creation of U of L's renowned art collection.
Like many Ontario universities at the time, Carleton was in financial trouble when Beckel took the helm in
1979. That year it was running a $1.5-million deficit. Beckel oversaw several controversial faculty buyouts, and the next year the school had to dip into academic scholarship funds to help cover its debts. Beckel's efforts eventually pulled Carleton out of the red and into a building period that resulted in a new student residence, a new library, a Life Sciences Research Building,an Art Gallery,a Social Sciences Research Building, a Day Care Centre and the beginning of a new engineering complex.
Unlike Carleton's rival universities, most of whom were raising admissions standards to compete for better students, Beckel decided to keep Carleton open to high-school graduates with averages as low as 60 per cent on the premise that "every student should have the right to fail." [http://www.carleton.ca/cu/aboutus/years/s3.html] A consequence of this egalitarian philosophy was that when some students did, in fact, fail, the school's retention rate dropped, robbing Carleton of future tuition revenue from those students. The benefit of this philosophy was that first year enrollment increased bringing with it increased tuition revenue that more than offset the impact of a lower retention rate. This egalitarian philosophy combined with tough financial controls resulted in a strong financial position for the university and made it "rare chance" university. For many students, Carleton offered a rare chance at a university education. (Beckel's critics were the first to coin Carleton's pejorative nickname "Last Chance U.")
On July 1, 1989, the same year he received an honorary degree of "Legum Doctoris" from Carleton, [http://www.carleton.ca/senate/honorarydegreesawarded.htm] Beckel was succeeded as president by
Robin Hugh Farquhar.
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