- George M. Bibb
Infobox US Cabinet official
name=George Mortimer Bibb
United States Secretary of the Treasury
July 4, 1844
March 7, 1845
predecessor=John C. Spencer
Robert J. Walker
Prince Edward County, Virginia, U.S.
death_date=death date and age|1859|4|14|1776|10|30
George Mortimer Bibb (
October 30, 1776– April 14, 1859) was an American politician.
Bibb was born in
Prince Edward County, Virginia, graduated from Hampden-Sydney Collegeand the College of William & Mary, then studied law. He was admitted to the bar and practiced law in Virginiaand Lexington, Kentucky. After making a permanent move to Kentucky he was elected to the Kentucky House of Representativesin 1806, 1810 and again in 1817. He was appointed a judge of the Kentucky Court of Appealsin 1808 and then chief justice through 1810.
In 1811 he was elected to the
United States Senatefrom Kentuckyand served until 1814 when he again returned to Lexington to work as a lawyer. He moved to Frankfort, Kentuckyin 1816 and sided with the New Court faction in the Old Court-New Court controversyin the 1820s. He was again named Chief Justice of the Kentucky Court of Appealsin 1827, serving for a year.
He was re-elected to the
United States Senatein 1829 and served as a Jacksonian Democratthrough 1835. During the 21st Congresshe was chairman of the U.S. Senate Committee on Post Office and Post Roads.
He was chancellor of the
Louisville Chancery Courtfrom 1835 through 1844 and in 1844 became President John Tyler's fourth United States Secretary of the Treasuryserving through 1845.
He was a very aged man when he assumed his Treasury position, dressing "in antique style, with kneebreeches." Bibb's "Annual Report on the State of the Finances" for 1844 consisted of an elaborate compilation of statistics detailing the financial history of the nation since 1789. In addition, he presented a solid argument for the establishment of a "sinking fund," accumulated through regular deposits and used to pay the interest and principal on the national debt. Bibb advocated using Treasury surplus revenue from customs and internal revenue collection to supply the sinking fund. Such a fund had been used effectively to reduce the deficit from 1789 to 1835, but Bibb was unable to revive it.
After this he was a lawyer in
Washington, D.C., and an assistant in the U.S. Attorney General's office.
He died in
Georgetown, D.C., in 1859, and is buried in Frankfort Cemetery.
* [http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=7643522 Find A Grave profile for George Bibb]
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