- High-performance computing
High-performance computing (HPC) uses
supercomputers and computer clusters to solve advanced computing problems. Today, computer systems approaching the teraflops-region are counted as HPC-computers.
The term is most commonly associated with computing used for scientific research. A related term,
High-performance technical computing(HPTC), generally refers to the engineering applications of cluster-based computing (such as computational fluid dynamicsand the building and testing of virtual prototypes). Recently, HPC has come to be applied to businessuses of cluster-based supercomputers, such as data warehouses, line-of-business (LOB) applications and transaction processing.
High-performance computing (HPC) is a term that arose after the term "
supercomputing." HPC is sometimes used as a synonym for supercomputing; but in other contexts, " supercomputer" is used to refer to a more powerful subset of "high performance computers," and the term "supercomputing" becomes a subset of "high performance computing." The potentially confusing overlap of these usages is apparent.
Evolving the "HPC" concept
It should be noted that there is an evolution that is happening with regards to the nomenclature surrounding the "HPC" acronym. The ‘old’ definition of HPC, High Performance Computing, was the natural semantic evolution of the 'supercomputing' market, referring to the expanded and diverse range of platforms, from scalable high-end systems to commodity clusters,
blade servers and of course the traditional vector supercomputers used to attack the most complex data- and computational-intensive applications. A key trend that is currently taking root is the shift in focus towards productivity – or more precisely, how systems and technology are applied. This encompasses everything in the HPC ecosystem, from the development environment, to systems and storage, to the use and interoperability of applications, to the total user experience – all combined to address and solve real world problems.
The more current and evolving definition of HPC refers to High "Productivity" Computing, and reflects the purpose and use model of the myriad existing and evolving architectures, and the supporting ecosystem of software, middleware, storage, networking and tools behind the next generation of applications.
A list of the most powerful high performance computers can be found on the
TOP500list. The TOP500 list ranks the world's 500 fastest high performance computers as measured by the HPL benchmark. Not all computers are listed, either because they are ineligible (e.g. they cannot run the HPL benchmark) or their owners have not submitted a HPL score (e.g. because they do not wish the size of their system to become public information). The list is updated twice a year, once in June at the ISC European Supercomputing Conference and again at a US Supercomputing Conference in November.
Many ideas for the new wave of
grid computingwere originally borrowed from HPC.
High-performance technical computing
* Open problems in high performance computing
* [http://www.top500.org Top 500 supercomputers]
* [http://www.HPCwire.com HPCwire.com] Leading Source for Global News and Information Covering the Ecosystem of High Productivity Computing
* [http://www.opensolaris.org/os/community/hpcdev/ OpenSolarisHPC] OpenSolaris in High Performance Computing
* [http://www.nvidia.com/object/tesla_computing_solutions.html High Performance Computing (HPC)] NVIDIA Tesla Technology
* [http://www.LinuxHPC.org LinuxHPC.org] Linux High Performance Computing and Clustering Portal
* [http://www.WinHPC.org WinHPC.org] Windows High Performance Computing and Clustering Portal
* [http://www.clusterbuilder.org Cluster Builder]
* [http://www.rocksclusters.org Rocks Clusters] Open-Source High Performance Linux Clusters
* [http://www.perceus.org/portal/ Infiscale Cluster Portal. Free GPL HPC Solutions]
* [http://www.dell.com/hpcc/ Dell High Performance Computing Center]
Sun Grid Engineopen source batch-queuing system, supported by Sun Microsystems
* [http://hpc.sun.com/node Sun HPC Community Portal] Information sharing and collaboration on HPC related topics
* [http://www.sicortex.com A manufacturer of MIPS-based clusters]
* [http://www.platform.com Platform Computing] The Leader in HPC Management Software
* [http://www.clusterresources.com/pages/products/torque-resource-manager.php TORQUE Resource Manager]
* [http://www.clusterresources.com/pages/products/moab-cluster-suite/workload-manager.php Moab Workload Manager]
* [http://www.osgdc.org Project Kusu] GPLv2.0 HPC Cluster Toolkit
* [http://www.technetworld.info Degree Project about best alternatives to implement HPC Cluster]
* [http://www.supercomputingonline.com SuperComputingOnline.com] Homepage for the World′s High-Performance Computing, Networking & Storage Professionals
* [http://www.hpccommunity.org HPCCommunity.org] HPC Community Discussion for various High Performance Computing related Projects
*TeamHPC [http://www.teamhpc.com] Open-Source High Performance Linux Clusters
High Performance Research Laboratories Worldwide
* [http://hpc.isti.cnr.it HPC Lab ISTI - CNR, Pisa, Italy] One of the most important HPC research lab in Italy
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