- Isaac M. Wise Temple
Infobox_nrhp | name =Plum Street Temple
caption =The Isaac M. Wise Temple
lat_degrees = 39 | lat_minutes = 6 | lat_seconds = 13.22 | lat_direction = N
long_degrees = 84 | long_minutes = 31 | long_seconds = 5.05 | long_direction = W
James Keys Wilson
architecture= Exotic Revival, Other
December 27, 1972
governing_body = Private
refnum=72001021 cite web|url=http://www.nr.nps.gov/|title=National Register Information System|date=2007-01-23|work=National Register of Historic Places|publisher=National Park Service] The Isaac M. Wise Temple (formerly the Plum Street Temple) is the historic temple erected for Rabbi
Isaac Mayer Wise. Rabbi Wise was the founder of American Reform Judaism. The Temple is located at 720 Plum Street in Cincinnati, Ohio. The members of the Lodge Street Synagoguebuilt this Templeand it was dedicated on Friday, August 24, 1866. As a daily paper wrote at the time, "Cincinnati never before had seen so much grandeur pressed into so small a space."Fact|date=July 2007 Although originally budgeted at a cost of $35,000 for the land, and $55,000 for the building, the total cost of the enterprise exceeded $300,000, largely due to post Civil War inflation.Fact|date=July 2007
The temple is across Plum Street from the historic
Saint Peter In Chains Cathedraland next to site of the former St. Paul Episcopal Cathedral, which was torn down in 1937.
In 1972, the Plum Street Temple was placed on the
National Register of Historic Places.
This building was constructed by
James Keyes Wilsonwith a 19th century Germanic architectural style thet blended the Neo-Byzantine architectureand Moorish Revivalstyle derived from the architecture of MoorishSpain. The style of the synagogue, including the tripartite, twin-domed facade, were copied from the The Leopoldstädter Tempel, built in Vienna, Austria, in 1853. Many American congregations built Moorish Revival synagogues with facades inspired by Plum Street and Leopoldstädter.
The temple has a
tripartitefacade, rose windowand a basilicastyle arch, similar to a Gothic Cathedral, but its Islamicinfluences are visible in its minarets and other details.cite book |last= Painter|first= Sue Anne|authorlink= |coauthors= |title= Architecture in Cincinnati|year= |publisher= |location= |isbn= ]
Plum Street is notable for having been the first of many American
Moorish Revivalsynagogues. [ Moorish Influence At Home in the City, by FRANCIS MORRONE, New York Sun, December 15, 2006, http://www2.nysun.com/arts/moorish-influence-at-home-in-the-city/] All examples of similar architecture in Germany were destroyed by Hitler,cite news | first = Sarah | last = Stephens | work=Cincitecture |title= Citybeat|page=47 |date=July 18-24, 2007] although many examples survive in other parts of Europe.
* [http://www.wisetemple.org/ Wise Temple Website]
* [http://www.cincinnatimemory.org/gsdl/collect/greaterc/archives/HASH9e5c/32450d7e.dir/ocp000085pccpc.jpgPlum Street Temple]
* [http://www.cincinnatimemory.org/gsdl/collect/greaterc/archives/HASHcdda/4ea5f0a4.dir/ocp001861slide.jpgPlum Street Temple circa 1905]
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