- Rio Branco
name = Rio Branco
settlement_type = Municipality
official_name = The Municipality of Rio Branco
nickname = "Capital da Natureza" ("Capital of Nature")
imagesize = 250px
image_caption = Joaquim Macedo Footbridge in Rio Branco
mapsize = 250px
map_caption = Location of Rio Branco in the
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = Region
subdivision_type2 = State
subdivision_name = flag|Brazil
subdivision_name1 = North
leader_name = Raimundo Angelim (PT)
established_title = Founded
December 28, 1882
area_total_km2 = 9233
population_total = 305,731
population_density_km2 = 33.11
population_total = 305731
timezone = UTC-4
utc_offset = -4
latd=9 |latm=58 |lats=29 |latNS=S |longd=67 |longm=48 |longs=36 |longEW=W
elevation_ft = 136
blank_name = HDI (2000)
blank_info = 0.754 – medium
website = [http://www.riobranco.ac.gov.br Rio Branco, Acre]
Rio Branco (lit. "White River") is the biggest city and the capital of the
Brazilian stateof Acre. The city of Rio Branco has gone by a number of names throughout its history. It originated when the seringalista Neutel Maia arrived with his family and workers in the region of Acre in end of 1882 in order to produce rubber. It established its first seringal at the right edge of the Rio Acre, initiating there the constructions of large cabins and tents, giving the name of Seringal Volta da Empresa. After that, Maia opened another seringal at the left edge of the Rio Acre, where today sits the Palace of the Government of the Acre, with the name of Seringal Empresa. Rio Branco has a strategic location, about 2 hours from Manausby air and has borders with Peruand is the only Brazilian city (State) close to the important Peruvian touristic centers of Cuzco, Pucallpaand Puerto Maldonado.
The Rio Branco International Airport connects Rio Branco with many Brazilian cities and also operates some international flights.
The city is home to the Federal University of Acre.
Acre has a territory covered mostly by jungle of the
Amazon Rainforest. The state is a well-known producer and exporter of rubber. The Acre Riverruns along the southern boundary of the state, forming the border with Bolivia.
equatorial climateis a type of tropical climatein which there is no dry season– all months have mean precipitationvalues of at least 60 mm. It is usually found at latitudes within five degrees of the equator– which are dominated by the Intertropical Convergence Zone. The equatorial climate is denoted "Af" in the Köppen climate classification. Tropical rainforestis the natural vegetation in equatorial regions.
The Amazon represents over half of the planet's remaining
rainforests and comprises the largest and most species-rich tract of tropical rainforestin the world. Wet tropical forests are the most species-rich biome, and tropical forests in the Americasare consistently more species rich than the wet forests in Africaand Asia.Turner, I.M. 2001. "The ecology of trees in the tropical rain forest". Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. ISBN 0-521-80183-4] As the largest tract of tropical rainforest in the Americas, the Amazonian rainforests have unparalleled biodiversity. More than 1/3 of all species in the world live in the Amazon Rainforest. [ [http://www.worldwildlife.org/wildplaces/amazon/index.cfm Amazon Rainforest, Amazon Plants, Amazon River Animals] ]
GDPfor the city was R$ 2,371,307,000 (2005). [cite book|url=http://www.ibge.gov.br/home/estatistica/economia/pibmunicipios/2005/tab01.pdf|title=GDP|publisher= IBGE|location=Rio Branco, Brazil|format=PDF|isbn=85-240-3919-1|accessdate=2007-07-18|year=2005|language=Portuguese]
per capita incomefor the city was R$ 7,756 (2005). [cite book|url=http://www.ibge.gov.br/home/estatistica/economia/pibmunicipios/2005/tab01.pdf|title=per capita income|publisher= IBGE|location=Rio Branco, Brazil|format=PDF|isbn=85-240-3919-1|accessdate=2007-07-18|year=2005|language=Portuguese]
Colleges and Universities
* Universidade Federal do Acre (Ufac);
* Faculdade da Amazônia Ocidental (Faao);
* Faculdade de Ciências Jurídicas e Sociais Aplicadas Rio Branco (Firb);
* Instituto de Educação, Ciência e Tecnologia do Vale do Juruá (Ieval);
* Instituto de Ensino Superior do Acre (Iesacre);
* União Educacional do Norte (Uninorte).
Rio Branco International Airport is located in a rural zone of the municipality of Rio Branco, in the state of Acre. It was opened on
November 2, 1999with a unique characteristic: it moved 22 kilometers from the previous airport site into a site northwest of the city.
Rio Branco Airport serves domestic and international flights (by scheduled carriers and air taxi firms) along with general and military aviation.
The terminal can receive 270 thousand passengers a year and serves an average of 14 daily operations.
Rio Branco provides visitors and residents with various sport activities.
* Arena da Floresta stadium;
* José de Melo stadium;
* Federação Acreana de Futebol stadium;
* Dom Giocondo Maria Grotti stadium;
* Adauto de Brito stadium;
* and many others.
Rio Branco is one of the 18 remaining candidates to host games of the
2014 FIFA World Cup, for which Brazilis the only South American bidder.
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