- Thomas Kinsella
Thomas Kinsella (born
May 4, 1928) is an Irish poet, translator, editor and publisher.
Early life and work
Kinsella was born in
Inchicore, County Dublin. He spent much of his childhood with relatives in rural Ireland. He was educated through the medium of Irish at the Model School, Inchicore and the O'Connell Christian Brothers School. He entered University College Dublinin 1946, initially to study science. After a few terms in college, he took up a post in the Irish Civil Serviceand continued his university studies at night, having switched to humanities.
His first poems were published in the university magazine "The National Student" and in "Poetry Ireland". His first pamphlet, " The Starlight Eye" (1952), was published by Liam Miller's
Dolmen Press, as was "Poems" (1956), his first book-length publication. These were followed by "Another September" (1958),"Moralities" (1960), "Downstream" (1962), "Wormwood" (1966), and the long poem "Nightwalker" (1967).
Marked as it was by the influence of
W. H. Audenand dealing with a primarily urban landscape and with questions of romantic love, Kinsella's early work marked him out as distinct from the mainstream of Irish poetry in the 1950s and 1960s, which tended to be dominated by the example of Patrick Kavanagh.
He received the Honorary Freedom of the City of Dublin in May 2007. [cite web | url=http://www.dublincity.ie/press_news/press_releases/dublin_artists_receive_honorary_freedom.asp | title=Dublin Artists receive Honorary Freedom | accessdate=2008-01-27 | format= | work= ]
Translations and editing
At Miller's suggestion, Kinsella turned his attention to the translation of early Irish texts. He produced versions of " Longes Mac Unsnig" and "The Breastplate of St Patrick" in 1954 and of "Thirty-Three Triads" in 1955. His most significant work in this area was collected in two important volumes. The first of these was " The Táin", (Dolmen 1969 and Oxford 1970), a handsome and vigorous version of the "
Táin Bó Cúailnge" illustrated by Louis le Brocquy.
The second, later, major work of translation was an anthology of Irish poetry "An Duanaire: 1600-1900, Poems of the Dispossessed" (1981), translated by Kinsella and edited by Seán Ó Tuama. He also edited Austin Clarke's "Selected Poems" and "Collected Poems" (both 1974) for Dolmen and "The New Oxford Book of Irish Verse" (1986).
In 1965, Kinsella left the Civil Service to become writer in residence at
Southern Illinois University, and in 1970 he became a professor of English at Temple University. While at Temple U he developed a program for students to study in Ireland called "the Irish Experience" which influenced hundreds of Irish Americans to study Irish history, literature and language.
In 1972, he started Peppercanister Press to publish his own work. The first Peppercanister production was [http://www.usm.maine.edu/~mcgrath/poems/butchrs.htm "Butcher's Dozen"] , a satirical response to the
Widgery Tribunalinto the events of Bloody Sunday. This poem drew on the " aisling" tradition and specifically on Brian Merriman's "Cúirt An Mheán Óiche". Kinsella's interest in the publishing process dates back at least as far as helping set the type for " The Starlight Eye" twenty years earlier.
In the Peppercanister poems, Kinsella's work ceases to be Audenesque and becomes more clearly influenced by American modernism, particularly the poetry of
Ezra Pound, William Carlos Williamsand Robert Lowell. In addition, the poetry starts to focus more on the individual psyche as seen through the work of Carl Jung. These tendencies first appear in the poems of " Notes from the Land of the Dead" (1973) and "One" (1974).
In the 1980s, books like "Her Vertical Smile" (1985) "Out of Ireland" (1987) and "St Catherine's Clock" (1987) marked a move away from the personal to a poetry including historical trends. This move continued into a sometimes darkly satirical focus on more a contemporary landscape through the late 1980s and 1990s in such books as "One Fond Embrace" (1988), "Personal Places" (1990), "Poems From Centre City" (1990) and "The Pen Shop" (1996). His "Collected Poems" appeared in 1996 and again in an updated edition in 2001.
* "Poems" (Dublin, The Dolmen Press, 1956);
* "Another September" (Dolmen, 1958);
* "Poems & Translations" (New York: Atheneum, 1961);
* "Downstream" (Dolmen, 1962);
* "The Clergyman" (Dublin: St Sepulchre's Press, 1965);
* "Tear" (Cambridge, MA: Pym-Randall Press, 1969);
* "Nightwalker and Other Poems" (Dolmen, Oxford, New York, Oxford University Press, 1968; New York, Knopf, 1969);
* "Ely Place" (Dublin: Tara Telephone Publications/St. Sepulchre's Press, 1972);
* "Butcher's Dozen" (Dublin, Peppercanister, 1972);
* "The Good Fight" (Peppercanister 1973);
* "Notes from the Dead and Other Poems" (Knopf, 1973);
* "Fifteen Dead" (Peppercanister, 1979);
* "One and Other Poems" (Dolmen, Oxford University Press, 1979);
* "Peppercanister Poems" 1972-1978 (Dolmen 1979; Winston Salem, North Carolina, Wake Forest University Press, 1979);
* "One Fond Embrace" (Deerfield, MA: Deerfield Press, 1981);
* "St Catherine's Clock" (Oxford University Press, 1987);
* "Blood & Family" (New York: Oxford Univ. Press, 1988);
* "Poems from Centre City" (Peppercanister, 1990);
* "Madonna and Other Poems" (Peppercanister, 1991);
* "Open Court" (Peppercanister, 1991);
* "The Pen Shop" (Peppercanister, 1997);
* "The Familiar" (Peppercanister, 1999);
* "Godhead" (Peppercanister, 1999);
* "Citizen of the World" (Peppercanister, 2000);
* "Littlebody" (Peppercanister, 2000);
* "Collected Poems 1956-2001" (Oxford University Press, 2001);
* "Marginal Economy" (Peppercanister, 2006);
* "Collected Poems 1956-2001" (Wake Forest University Press, 2006);
* "Belief and Unbelief" (Peppercanister, 2007);
* "Man of War" (Peppercanister, 2007);
* "Selected Poems" (Carnanet Press, 2007).
* "The Dual Tradition: An Essay on Poetry and Politics in Ireland" (Carcanet, 1995);
* "Readings in Poetry" (Peppercanister, 2006).
Poetry and prose
* "A Dublin Documentary" (O'Brien Press, 2007). (Selected poems with photographs and author's commentary)
* "The Táin", translated from the Irish epic "
Táin Bó Cúailnge", with illustrations by Louis le Brocquy(Dolmen, 1969; Oxford University Press, 1970).
* "An Duanaire" - Poems of the Dispossessed, an anthology of Gaelic poems edited by Seán Ó Tuama (Dolmen, 1981).
* "Fair Eleanor, O Christ Thee Save" (Claddagh Records, 1971)
* "Thomas Kinsella - Poems 1956-2006" (Claddagh Records, 2007).
* [http://www.litencyc.com/php/speople.php?rec=true&UID=2523 Biography]
* [http://www.irishcultureandcustoms.com/Poetry/Kinsella.html Two poems]
* [http://www.wfu.edu/wfupress Wake Forest University Press] North American publisher of Kinsella
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