Andrzej Wróblewski

Andrzej Wróblewski

Andrzej Wróblewski (1927 - 1957) was a Polish painter who died in a tragic mountaineering accident in 1957 when he was only 30. He is recognized by many as one of Poland's most prominent artists in the early post World War II era, creating an individualistic approach to figurative painting.

Early life

Wróblewski was born in Wilno on 15 June 1927, the son of the Wilno University law professor Bronisław Wróblewski and the painter Krystyna Wróblewska. He showed artistic talent while still a child. His education was interrupted by the German invasion of Poland, although he was able to attend some underground courses; his mother introduced him to the art of woodcut which he practiced from 1944 to 1946. Immediately after the Second World War his family moved from Wilno to Kraków, where he passed the matura exams and became a student in the Painting and Sculpture Department of Poland's oldest art school, the Academy of Fine Arts, where he studied between 1945 and 1952 under Zygmunt Radnicki, Zbigniew Pronaszko, Hanna Rudzka-Cybisowa and Jerzy Fedkowicz. Also between 1945 and 1948 he simultaneously studied art history at the Jagiellonian University, Poland's oldest university (and one of the oldest in the world).

1945-1949

Wróblewski's earliest paintings were very much "Capist" in spirit such as "Martwa natura z dzbanem" (Still life with a vase), in 1946). Early in his career, towards the end of the 1940s, he began to rebel against the dominant colorist style propagated in academic circles in Poland during this period and at the "1st Exhibition of Modern Art" at Kraków in 1948 he was recognized as a painter exhibiting some original spatial forms. It was important to Wróblewski to indulge in art work that was contrary to popular techniques and style in Poland at the time creating a Self-Teaching Art School as a unit of the "Association of Polish Academic Youth" at the Kraków Academy of Fine Arts for young inspired painters. Its first members included painters such as Przemysław Brykalski, Andrzej Strumillo, and Andrzej Wajda. This was the first group in the history of Polish art to openly manifest against the aesthetics of colorism. The primary thesis of Wróblewski's program accented the need for art in which "aesthetic and ideological elements would be indivisibly fused."

Between 1947 and 1948 Wroblewski focused on experimentation in oil paintings and gouaches developing a unique means of expression, whilst remaining open to the influences of modern artist styles such as surrealism, abstract art, and geometric art), which in turn affected the nature of other talented artists in Kraków. His canvasses of this period frequently include geometric figures "Niebo nad Gorami" (The Sky over the Mountains), "Niebo Niebieskie" (Blue Blue Sky) in 1948; "Segmenty", (1949).

Through exploration in art Wroblewski devised his own formal style, with his own artistic interpretation, revealed in one of his most famous works "Executions" dating from the late 1940s illustrating his heightened expressiveness and metaphorical abilities depicting real life events. These paintings depicting brutal events during the German occupation of Poland are exceptional for the intensity of feeling they provoke. The artist accomplishes this by depicting brutally deformed human figures torn into pieces; at the same time the canvasses are maintained in cold, blue-green, cadaver-like hues.

He was also highly interested in art theoretician and literature critique at times, since 1948 publishing articles in "Głos Plastyków" ("Artists' Voice"), "Przegląd Artystyczny" ("Arts Review"), "Twórczość" ("Creativity"), "Gazeta Krakowska" (Kraków's Newspaper) and "Życie Literackie" ("Literary Life").

Last years

In the early 1950s in the People's Republic of Poland Wróblewski adopted the state-favoured style of socrealism. After death of Stalin and resulting destalinization lessened governmental pressures on various spheres of life, art included, from 1955 he reverted to his previous interests creating a series of figurative paintings centering on the subject of the family. Generally positive in mood, they were inspired by the artist's private life was notably by the birth of his son Andrzej in 1954).

Wroblewski died in a mountaineering accident in Tatry on 23 March 1957. He was the author of over 150 oil paintings, 1400 drawings, dozens of other artforms and over 80 published articles. His works are featured in the collections of many Polish museums and exhibitions.gjd

External links

* [http://info-poland.buffalo.edu/classroom/Szyszko.html#Wroblewski Wroblewski's role and contribution are discussed in a 500 word passage illustrated with his painting Execution V in an essay entiled "Impact of History on Polish Art in the Twentieth Century"]
* [http://info-poland.buffalo.edu/web/arts_culture/painting/painters/Wrobelwski/link.shtml Gallery (5 pictures)]
* [http://www.kaczmarski.friko.pl/wroblewski.html Rozstrzelanie (execution) - gallery]
* [http://artyzm.com/e_artysta.php?id=667 Short bio, 2 pictures]
*pl icon [http://www.przekroj.pl/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=1677&Itemid=0 Andrzej Wróblewski, czyli spór artysty z rzeczywistością] in Przekrój, 21/2006
*pl icon [http://www.sztuka.net.pl/palio/html.run?_Instance=www.sztuka.net.pl&_PageID=445&newsId=4860&_CheckSum=1461647933 Biography, gallery of pictures]
*pl icon [http://www.zderzak.pl/gal_a_wroblewski.html A painting: Two married women and biographical details]
*pl icon [http://arsenal.art.pl/php/strona.php?a1=dokumentacja&a2=2002/05wroblewski Nieznany Wróblewski - essay]

Further reading

*Andrzej Wróblewski, Wydawnictwa Artystyczne i Filmowe, ISBN 3-87587-36-2 (album)
*"Andrzej Wróblewski. W 10-lecie śmierci", Monografie Muzeum Narodowego w Poznaniu, 1967

References

* [http://www.culture.pl/en/culture/artykuly/os_wroblewski_andrzej Biography at culture.pl]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Поможем написать реферат

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Andrzej Trzaskowski — (23 March1933 mdash;16 September1998) was an eminent Polish composer and jazz musician who, between 1959 and 1990, composed the music and/or conducted the score for some thirty films. A native of Kraków, Andrzej Trzaskowski learned to play the… …   Wikipedia

  • Andrzej Trzaskowski — (* 23. März 1933 in Krakau; † 16. September 1998[1] in Warschau) war ein polnischer Jazzpianist, Arrangeur und Komponist, der 1965 das erste polnische Album veröffentlichte, das dem Free Jazz zugeordnet werden kann. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jan "Ptaszyn" Wróblewski — Jan Wróblewski Jan Ptaszyn Wróblewski (* 27. März 1936 in Kalisz) ist ein polnischer Jazzmusiker, Komponist, Arrangeur und Dirigent, sowie Journalist und Musikkritiker. Der Tenor und Baritonsaxophonspieler hat diverse Bands gegründet und seit den …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jan Ptaszyn Wróblewski — Jan Wróblewski Jan Ptaszyn Wróblewski (* 27. März 1936 in Kalisz) ist ein polnischer Jazzmusiker, Komponist, Arrangeur und Dirigent, sowie Journalist und Musikkritiker. Der Tenor und Baritonsaxophonspieler hat diverse Bands gegründet und seit den …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jan Wroblewski — Jan Wróblewski Jan Ptaszyn Wróblewski (* 27. März 1936 in Kalisz) ist ein polnischer Jazzmusiker, Komponist, Arrangeur und Dirigent, sowie Journalist und Musikkritiker. Der Tenor und Baritonsaxophonspieler hat diverse Bands gegründet und seit den …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jan Wróblewski — Jan „Ptaszyn“ Wróblewski (* 27. März 1936 in Kalisz) ist ein polnischer Jazzmusiker, Komponist, Arrangeur und Dirigent, sowie Journalist und Musikkritiker. Der Tenor und Baritonsaxophonspieler hat diverse Bands gegründet und seit den 70er Jahren …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Janusz Andrzej Zakrzewski — (b. July 23, 1932 in Kraków) is a Polish physicist. He is a professor of the University of Warsaw (since 1971), member of the Warsaw Scientific Society (since 1984), Polish Academy of Sciences (1986), Polish Academy of Learning.Zakrzewski is a… …   Wikipedia

  • Jan Ptaszyn Wróblewski — Este artículo o sección necesita referencias que aparezcan en una publicación acreditada, como revistas especializadas, monografías, prensa diaria o páginas de Internet fidedignas. Puedes añadirlas así o avisar …   Wikipedia Español

  • Polish culture during World War II — Part of a series on the Culture of Poland Periods …   Wikipedia

  • Galeria Zachęta — Nationale Kunstgalerie Zachęta Gebäude der Galerie Zachęta Date …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”