- Andrzej Wróblewski
Andrzej Wróblewski (1927 - 1957) was a Polish painter who died in a tragic
mountaineeringaccident in 1957 when he was only 30. He is recognized by many as one of Poland's most prominent artists in the early post World War IIera, creating an individualisticapproach to figurative painting.
Wróblewski was born in Wilno on
15 June 1927, the son of the Wilno Universitylaw professor Bronisław Wróblewskiand the painter Krystyna Wróblewska. He showed artistic talent while still a child. His education was interrupted by the German invasion of Poland, although he was able to attend some underground courses; his mother introduced him to the art of woodcut which he practiced from 1944 to 1946. Immediately after the Second World War his family moved from Wilno to Kraków, where he passed the maturaexams and became a student in the Painting and Sculpture Department of Poland's oldest art school, the Academy of Fine Arts, where he studied between 1945 and 1952 under Zygmunt Radnicki, Zbigniew Pronaszko, Hanna Rudzka-Cybisowaand Jerzy Fedkowicz. Also between 1945 and 1948 he simultaneously studied art history at the Jagiellonian University, Poland's oldest university (and one of the oldest in the world).
Wróblewski's earliest paintings were very much "
Capist" in spirit such as "Martwa natura z dzbanem" (Still life with a vase), in 1946). Early in his career, towards the end of the 1940s, he began to rebel against the dominant coloriststyle propagated in academic circles in Polandduring this period and at the "1st Exhibition of Modern Art" at Krakówin 1948 he was recognized as a painter exhibiting some original spatial forms. It was important to Wróblewski to indulge in art work that was contrary to popular techniques and style in Poland at the time creating a Self-Teaching Art School as a unit of the "Association of Polish Academic Youth" at the Kraków Academy of Fine Artsfor young inspired painters. Its first members included painters such as Przemysław Brykalski, Andrzej Strumillo, and Andrzej Wajda. This was the first group in the history of Polish artto openly manifest against the aestheticsof colorism. The primary thesis of Wróblewski's program accented the need for art in which "aesthetic and ideological elements would be indivisibly fused."
Between 1947 and 1948 Wroblewski focused on experimentation in
oil paintingsand gouaches developing a unique means of expression, whilst remaining open to the influences of modern artist styles such as surrealism, abstract art, and geometric art), which in turn affected the nature of other talented artists in Kraków. His canvasses of this period frequently include geometric figures "Niebo nad Gorami" (The Sky over the Mountains), "Niebo Niebieskie" (Blue Blue Sky) in 1948; "Segmenty", (1949).
Through exploration in art Wroblewski devised his own formal style, with his own artistic interpretation, revealed in one of his most famous works "Executions" dating from the late 1940s illustrating his heightened expressiveness and metaphorical abilities depicting real life events. These paintings depicting brutal events during the
German occupation of Polandare exceptional for the intensity of feeling they provoke. The artist accomplishes this by depicting brutally deformed human figures torn into pieces; at the same time the canvasses are maintained in cold, blue-green, cadaver-like hues.
He was also highly interested in art theoretician and
literaturecritique at times, since 1948 publishing articles in " Głos Plastyków" ("Artists' Voice"), " Przegląd Artystyczny" ("Arts Review"), " Twórczość" ("Creativity"), " Gazeta Krakowska" (Kraków's Newspaper) and " Życie Literackie" ("Literary Life").
In the early 1950s in the
People's Republic of PolandWróblewski adopted the state-favoured style of socrealism. After death of Stalinand resulting destalinizationlessened governmental pressures on various spheres of life, art included, from 1955 he reverted to his previous interests creating a series of figurative paintings centering on the subject of the family. Generally positive in mood, they were inspired by the artist's private life was notably by the birth of his son Andrzej in 1954).
Wroblewski died in a mountaineering accident in
Tatryon 23 March 1957. He was the author of over 150 oil paintings, 1400 drawings, dozens of other artforms and over 80 published articles. His works are featured in the collections of many Polish museums and exhibitions.gjd
* [http://info-poland.buffalo.edu/classroom/Szyszko.html#Wroblewski Wroblewski's role and contribution are discussed in a 500 word passage illustrated with his painting Execution V in an essay entiled "Impact of History on Polish Art in the Twentieth Century"]
* [http://info-poland.buffalo.edu/web/arts_culture/painting/painters/Wrobelwski/link.shtml Gallery (5 pictures)]
* [http://www.kaczmarski.friko.pl/wroblewski.html Rozstrzelanie (execution) - gallery]
* [http://artyzm.com/e_artysta.php?id=667 Short bio, 2 pictures]
*pl icon [http://www.przekroj.pl/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=1677&Itemid=0 Andrzej Wróblewski, czyli spór artysty z rzeczywistością] in
*pl icon [http://www.sztuka.net.pl/palio/html.run?_Instance=www.sztuka.net.pl&_PageID=445&newsId=4860&_CheckSum=1461647933 Biography, gallery of pictures]
*pl icon [http://www.zderzak.pl/gal_a_wroblewski.html A painting: Two married women and biographical details]
*pl icon [http://arsenal.art.pl/php/strona.php?a1=dokumentacja&a2=2002/05wroblewski Nieznany Wróblewski - essay]
*Andrzej Wróblewski, Wydawnictwa Artystyczne i Filmowe, ISBN 3-87587-36-2 (album)
*"Andrzej Wróblewski. W 10-lecie śmierci", Monografie Muzeum Narodowego w Poznaniu, 1967
* [http://www.culture.pl/en/culture/artykuly/os_wroblewski_andrzej Biography at culture.pl]
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